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Earth Science Fall Final Review Packet
_________ / 40 Classwork
Name__________________________________________________________Date____________________Period______
Scientific Method and Basic Science
1. Scientists use the _________________________________ when measuring. It is based on the number 10.
2. What are the units for:
a. Time
= _________________
b. Distance
= _________________
c. Mass
=__________________
d. Volume
= _________________
Earth Science Basics
Division of Earth Science
Geology
Astronomy
Oceanography
Meteorology
What is studies
Wind Erosion
3. Which three locations are commonly affected by wind erosion?
________________________ ________________________ _________________________
Rocks and Minerals
4. What are the requirements for being a mineral?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
5. To identify a mineral, we use the following properties:
a. _______________________________________________
b. _______________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________
d. _______________________________________________
e. _______________________________________________
f. _______________________________________________
6. Draw the Rock Cycle: include the following in your diagram: Metamorphic Rock, Sedimentary Rock, Igneous
rock, cooling, sediment, deposition, heat & pressure, weathering & erosion, compaction & cementation,
magma, intrusive, extrusive, and transportation of sediment.
7. Define and sketch what graded bedding is. ________________________________________________________
Sketch:
8. There are two categories of sedimentary rocks:
a. ______________________________________ which is made up of __________________________
b. ______________________________________which forms from _____________________________
9. What two things cause metamorphism:
a. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
Volcanoes
10. If rocks form outside of a volcano it is called (instrusive/extrusive) ______________________________________
Which makes the crystals (small/large) _____________________________ .
11. If rocks form inside of a volcano it is called (instrusive/extrusive) _______________________________________
Which makes the crystals (small/large)_____________________________ .
12. What is the largest type of volcano?
__________________________________
Dynamic Earth
Continental Drift
Description
Seafloor Spreading
Description
Scientist Responsible:
Evidence Provided:
Scientist Responsible :
Proof Provided
Evidence Missing
Chemical Weathering
For each cause listed, say whether it is a cause of physical or chemical weathering and then explain how each factor will
speed up or slow down weathering .
Effect; does having more speed up or
Physical, Chemical, or Both
slow down weathering?
Temperature
Pressure
Water
Oxygen
Acid Precipitation
13. What is mass movement? ___________________________________________________________________
14. Think of the ocean floor;
a. Where are the old rocks found? (ridge/trench)
______________________________
b. Where are the young rocks found? (ridge/trench)
_______________________________
On the picture below, label the point bar and the cut bank. Where is the water the fastest?
15. If the river is moving fast, what size of sediment can
It carry? (Coarse, medium, fine) ________________
16. If the river is moving slow, how does that change
What the river can carry? _____________________
__________________________________________
___________________________________________
Plate Tectonics
Type of Boundary
Convergent
Type of Tectonic Plates Involved
Landforms / Effects
Convergent
Convergent
Divergent
Divergent
Transform
17. Explain what causes tectonic plates to move. Use the terms magma and convection.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
18. Look at the graph on the right,
What happens to the speed of
Seismic waves as they travel
Deeper into the Earth?
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
Earthquakes
Label the diagram with the parts of an earthquake (fault plane, epicenter, focus, hanging wall, foot wall)
1
Volcanoes
Type of Volcano
Size and Shape
Folds and Faults
Type
Anticline
Syncline
Monocline
Normal
Reverse
Strike-Slip
Type of Stress
Picture
Where do they occur?
Violent or Quiet eruption
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