# associative property of multiplication

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```Math Vocabulary to Know FOR MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION
Array- shows equal groups in rows and columns
associative property of multiplication-the property that
states that changing the grouping of the factors does
not change the product.
basic fact- facts from
0 x 0 to 10 x 10
commutative property of multiplication- the property
that states that changing the order of the factors does
not change the product. 4x5=5x4
distributive property of multiplication-the property that
states that multiplying a sum by a factor is the same as
multiplying each addend by the factor and adding the
products.
Dividend- number being divided
Division-an operation that separates objects into equal
groups.
Divisor- a number that a dividend is divided by
equal groups- groups that contain the same number of
objects
factor-a number being multiplied in a multiplication
problem.
1
mental math- calculating answers in your head, using
facts that you know
multiple-a product of two numbers
multiplication-an operation that joins equal groups
multiplication table- a grid that shows the multiplication
basic facts.
Parentheses- Symbols placed around numbers () to
show that those calculations must be done first in
finding an answer.
Product- the answer to a multiplication problem.
Quotient- the answer in a division problem
repeated addition- adding the same number multiple
times; has the same result as multi-plication. 4+4+4 = 4x3
repeated subtraction-subtracting the same number
multiple times; is related to division
square number- a product that is made by multiplying
identical factors. 4 x 4 = 16
square product- the same as a square number
2
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