Your Name Sculpture Art Criticism Mrs. Carrick Date Andy Goldsworthy, Rowan Leaves Laid around Hole, 1987 (Scholastic Art 3) (NOTE: THIS INTRO / BIOGRAPHY PARAGRAPH IS ONLY REQUIRED FOR GRADUATION PROJECT) Andy Goldsworthy is renowned for using objects found in nature to create thoughtprovoking, nonobjective sculptures. He was born in 1956 in England and is still working today. He attended Preston Polytechnic in northern England where he studied fine art ("35 Who Made a Difference”). “Goldsworthy's principal artistic debt is to ‘Land Art,’ an American movement of the 1960s that took [art] out of the studio to create giant earthworks… ("35 Who Made a Difference”). His sculptures consist of a variety of natural materials such as snow, ice, leaves, bark, clay, stones, feathers, petals, and twigs. He rarely uses anything man-made ("Andy Goldsworthy's Amazing Works”). “The artist makes use of universal shapes found in nature— spirals, concentric circles, holes, arches, jagged lines, and rainbow colors—but dislocates them and arranges them in ways that contradict natural law” ("Andy Goldsworthy: Working with Ideas" 3). These sculptures are documented through photographs. The photographs record each piece at a pivotal moment; since, most of them are transient and disintegrate back into nature ("Andy Goldsworthy: Working with Ideas" 7). Using the environment rather than traditional materials, Goldsworthy creates awe-inspiring sculptures such as in his piece titled Rowan Leaves Laid around Hole. (NOTE: THE FOLLOWING ART CRITICISM IS REQUIRED FOR ALL) Rowan Leaves Laid around Hole is a nonobjective sculpture consisting of repeating shapes and colors made from hundreds of leaves. These oblong leaves colored with maroon, red, orange, and yellow radiate from an outer circle in towards a black circle in the center. The thick band of maroon leaves form the outer circle followed by a band of red leaves which transition into a thin band of orange and then a thicker circular band of yellow leaves. Each leaf is from the same type of tree as listed in the title. The shape of each leaf is the same oblong, thinly convex shape even though the colors vary. The center is a black circle. Along the outer corners there is a dark, brownish dirt ground with traces of twigs and fallen leaves. The dark, black circular shape is emphasized as the focal point, because it is in the center of all of the warmer colored leaves. The center circle or hole creates negative space as it feels like a void amongst the other colored shapes. This contrast of space and color makes it stand out. The colors and shapes create radial balance due to the warm, analogous color scheme and the way they are arranged in a radial pattern. The texture and colors also create unity because of their repetition. Together they feel harmonious and lead the eye in a circular path toward the center. Goldsworthy creates a warm, fiery sculpture with a bulls-eye. The negative space created by this black circle feels as if you could fall into it. His use of common objects found outdoors in nature creates a colorful sculpture that transcends the leaves; it looks mesmerizing and more intriguing than simply the original leaves that one sees on trees. One can get lost in the circular pattern. The sculpture can be seen as using the circle as a symbol which represents infinity or no beginning and no end. It feels complete and whole. Using the aesthetic theory of emotionalism, I feel this sculpture is a success, because it evokes a warm feeling and creates a space in which I get lost. Formally, it is compositionally strong due to the radial balance and warm color scheme that unifies it. It wouldn’t be fair to judge it according to the imitationalsim theory, since it is a non-objective piece that isn’t intended to look realistic. It goes beyond realism and creates a more symbolic meaning due to the symbol of the circle. Overall, it is an eye-catching and thought-provoking sculpture. (NOTE: FOR GRADUATION PROJECT YOU MUST ALSO INCLUDE AN OVERALL CONCLUSION AND WORKS CITED PAGE) Works Cited "35 Who Made a Difference: Andy Goldsworthy." Smithsonian. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. <http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/35-who-made-a-difference-andygoldsworthy-114067437/?no-ist> "Andy Goldsworthy's Amazing Works of Art - EcoSalon | Conscious Culture and Fashion : EcoSalon | Conscious Culture and Fashion." EcoSalon. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. <http://ecosalon.com/andy-goldsworthys-amazing-works-of-art/> "Andy Goldsworthy: Working with Ideas." Scholastic Art. Apr.-May 2005: 2-9. Print.