Philosophers and Historians

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Date _____________ Period _________
Chapter 5, Section 2, Philosophers and Historians, pp. 169-173
Greek Philosophers
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The word for philosophy comes from the Greek word for “___.”
Greek philosophers were thinkers who believed ___.
The philosopher Pythagoras taught his students that ___.
Most people today know the name Pythagoras because of the ___, which is ___.
The ___ were professional teachers who traveled from city to city teaching others.
What did the Sophists teach their students? ___ and ___
What did the Sophists believe about gods and goddesses and about right and wrong?
Socrates believed that __.
The Socratic method of teaching is when teachers ___.
The Athenians accused Socrates of ___, and he was found ___. (innocent or guilty?)
What happened to Socrates after the trial?
Socrates’ student Plato, wrote a book called the Republic, which explains ___.
Plato did not like democracy because ___.
In the Republic, what were Plato’s three basic groups of people and what was the role of each one?
Plato opened a school in Athens called the ___.
Plato’s student Aristotle taught his students a concept called “___,” which meant that a person should
do nothing in excess.
Aristotle helped to advance science by urging people to ___.
After grouping scientific observations according to similarities and differences, Aristotle then ___.
In his book Politics, Aristotle studied and compared different governments of 158 different places and
divided them into three types. These three types were: (name and describe)
Aristotle thought the best type of government was ___.
The ideas of Aristotle influenced the founders of the United States Constitution because ___.
Greek Historians
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___ wrote the history of the Persian Wars.
He is known as the “___.”
Thucydides wrote ___.
Thucydides viewed war and politics as ___.
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