Peter-the-Great-bubble

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1. In 1696, Czar Peter I
became sole ruler of
Russia and was one of
the greatest
reformeers and
increased power of
the czar
13. Fought Sweden to gain a piece
of the Baltic coast and started to
build a city called St. Petersburg
were ships could saild down the
Neva River to Western Europe
2. Differences between Russia
and Europe: still under feudal
system of land ownership, didnt
know about Western Europe,
looked to Constantinople and
not Rome for leadership, cut off
from Renaissance and Age of
Exploration becuase of Mongols,
only had one seaport, cut off
from western Europe because
they were Eastern Orthodox
3. In 1697, he went on
"Grand Empbassy" which
was a tour of western
Europe to learn their
customs and
manufactuing tecniques
12. Advanecd
educaiton by
opening a school
of navigation and
introducing
schools for
arts/sciences
4. Had a goal of
westernization which
uses Western Europe as
a model for change to
make Russia stronger
Peter
the
Great
11. Ordered
nobles to give
up their
traditional
clothing for
Western
fashions
5. Made Russian Orthodox
Church under state control;
abolished office of the
patriarch [head of the
church], and set up group
called Holy Synod to run the
Church
10. Raised
status of
women and
allowed them
to attend
social
gatherings
9. Started
first Russian
newspaper
8.
Introduced
potatores
7.Hired Euopean
officers to drill his
soldiers in
European tactics
and weapons
6. Reduced power of
the great landwoners;
recruited men from
low-ranking families
and promorted them to
positions of authority
and rewarded them
with land
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