Exponential Notation

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Name:___________________________________
Exponential Notation
Date:_______________
8th Grade Mathematics
Notes:
𝟗 𝟒
𝟗
𝟕
𝟕
𝟓𝟔 means 𝟓 × 𝟓 × 𝟓 × 𝟓 × 𝟓 × 𝟓 and ( ) means
×
𝟗
𝟕
×
𝟗
𝟕
𝟗
× .
𝟕
You have seen this kind of notation before, it is called exponential notation. In general, for any number 𝒙 and any positive integer 𝒏,
𝒙𝒏 = (𝒙
⏟ ∙ 𝒙 ⋯ 𝒙)
𝒏 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝒏
The number 𝒙 is called 𝒙 raised to the 𝒏-th power, 𝒏 is the exponent of 𝒙 in 𝒙𝒏 and 𝒙 is the base of 𝒙𝒏 .
Remember: exponents are repeated multiplication.
1.
𝟒×⋯×𝟒 =
⏟
2.
𝟕 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
3.
𝟕
𝟕
⏟× ⋯ × 𝟐 =
𝟐
𝟐𝟏 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟑. 𝟔 × ⋯ × 𝟑. 𝟔 = 𝟑. 𝟔𝟒𝟕
⏟
4.
(−𝟏𝟑)
× ⋯ × (−𝟏𝟑) =
⏟
_______ 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
5.
𝟔 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
(−𝟏𝟏. 𝟔𝟑) × ⋯ × (−𝟏𝟏. 𝟔𝟑) =
⏟
6.
𝟑𝟒 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
7.
𝟏𝟐 × ⋯ × 𝟏𝟐 = 𝟏𝟐𝟏𝟓
⏟
𝟏
𝟏𝟎 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
8.
𝒙 ∙ 𝒙⋯𝒙 =
⏟
𝟏𝟖𝟓 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
_______𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
9.
𝟏
(−
⏟ 𝟏𝟒) × ⋯ × (− 𝟏𝟒) =
(−𝟓) × ⋯ × (−𝟓) =
⏟
10. ⏟
𝒙 ∙ 𝒙 ⋯ 𝒙 = 𝒙𝒏
_______𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟏𝟎 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
11. Will these products be positive or negative? How do
you know?
(−1) × (−1) × ⋯ × (−1) = (−1)12
⏟
12 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠
(−1) × (−1) × ⋯ × (−1) = (−1)13
⏟
13 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠
13. Fill in the blanks about whether the number is positive
or negative.
If 𝑛 is a positive even number, then (−55)𝑛 is
__________________________.
If 𝑛 is a positive odd number, then (−72.4)𝑛 is
__________________________.
12. Is it necessary to do all of the calculations to
determine the sign of the product? Why or why not?
(−5) × (−5) × ⋯ × (−5) = (−5)95
⏟
95 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠
(−1.8) × (−1.8) × ⋯ × (−1.8) = (−1.8)122
⏟
122 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠
(−15) × ⋯ × (−15) = −156 .
14. Christopher says that ⏟
6 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠
Is he correct? How do you know?
1.
Use what you know about exponential notation to complete the expressions below.
𝟑. 𝟕 × ⋯ × 𝟑. 𝟕 = 𝟑. 𝟕𝟏𝟗
⏟
(−𝟓)
× ⋯ × (−𝟓) =
⏟
_____ 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟏𝟕 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟕 × ⋯ × 𝟕 = 𝟕𝟒𝟓
⏟
𝟔×⋯×𝟔 =
⏟
𝟒 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
_____ 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
(−𝟏. 𝟏) × ⋯ × (−𝟏. 𝟏) =
⏟
𝟒. 𝟑 × ⋯ × 𝟒. 𝟑 =
⏟
𝟏𝟑 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟗 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
𝟏𝟏
𝟏𝟏
𝟏𝟏 𝒙
(− ) × ⋯ × (− ) = (− )
⏟ 𝟓
𝟓
𝟓
𝟐
𝟐
( ) × ⋯× ( ) =
⏟𝟑
𝟑
𝟏𝟗 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
_____ 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
(−𝟏𝟐) × ⋯ × (−𝟏𝟐) = (−𝟏𝟐)𝟏𝟓
⏟
𝒂×⋯×𝒂 =
⏟
𝒎 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
_____ 𝒕𝒊𝒎𝒆𝒔
2.
Write an expression with (−1) as its base that will produce a positive product.
3.
Write an expression with (−1) as its base that will produce a negative product.
4.
Rewrite each number in exponential notation using 2 as the base.
8=
16 =
32 =
64 =
128 =
256 =
5.
Joseph wrote 16 as (−2)4 . Is he correct?
6.
Could −2 be used as a base to rewrite 32? 64? Why or why not?
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