Literary Device Definitions Figure of Speech: A regional expression that is not meant literally (says something different than what it means.) Understood by only a specific group of people. Example: You’re driving me up the wall! A. Idiom: Figure of Speech: A comparison between unlike things which (usually) uses the words “like” or “as” to make the comparison. B. Simile: Example: The dog’s tail thumped rhythmically like the steady beating of a drum. A comparison between unlike things (does not use the words “like” or “as” to make the comparison) saying that one thing IS the other thing (which it’s not) C. Metaphor: Figure of Speech: Example: Her kindness was a blanket of warmth. A comparison between two different situations, but which do have some qualities in common. In an analogy, the similarities are pointed out. D. Analogy: Figure of Speech: Example: Arguing with my parents is like trying to ride a bull; it’s a nearly impossible task and they always win.