Appendix 1 — Biblical Context (Lesson 03)

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Appendix #1, Lesson 3, Gen. 12:1-4 A PROMISE TO RESTORE THE KINGDOM (divide into groups)

1.

Read/Skim Gen. 11 (Events preceding our story.)

Summary of genealogy:

Summary of tower of Babel story:

2.

Summary of Abram/Sarai (vv. 27-31):

Overview of OT Covenants

: See the following page for a brief overview. How would you describe each covenant in a

short sentence?

Noahic:

Abrahamic:

Sinaitic:

Davidic:

3.

Geography (use Bible maps AND a Bible Dictionary):

Locate

Haran

(12:4),

Canaan,

and

Ur

(11:28), the homeland of Abram.

Haran:

Canaan:

Ur:

What important locations in Israel’s history are mentioned above either centuries before or after Abraham?

What possible future connections are there with each of these historical places and Abraham’s covenant with God in

Gen. 12?

Cultural/historical context:

What importance was placed on

land

and

descendants

by Abraham and other people in the Hebrew/Ancient Near East Culture? Use what you know about Israel (ancient and modern), and a Bible dictionary.

How does this value placed on land and descendants shape how we see God’s promises to Abraham/Sarah regarding land and descendants in Gen. 12, 15:1-7, 16:9-12 17:1-22?

© 2012 John Lewis. All Rights Reserved.

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Overview of the Major Covenants in the Old Testament

TYPE PARTICIPANT COVENANTS/

REFERENCE

Noahic

Gen 9:8-17

Abrahamic Part 1

Gen 15:9-21

Abrahamic Part 2

Gen 17

Sinaitic

Ex 19-24

Davidic

2 Sam 7:5-16

New Covenant

Jer 31:31-34

Royal Grant

Royal Grant

Suzerainvassal

Suzerainvassal

Royal Grant

Royal Grant

Made with “righteous” (6:9) Noah

(and his descendants and every living thing on earth—all life that is subject to man’s jurisdiction)

Made with “righteous” (his faith was

“credited to him as righteousness,” v.

6) Abram (and his descendants, v. 16)

Made with Abraham as patriarchal head of his household

Made with Israel as the descendants of

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and as the people the Lord has redeemed from bondage to an earthly power

Made with faithful King David after his devotion to God as Israel’s king and the Lord’s anointed vassal had come to special expression (v. 12)

Promised to rebellious Israel as she is about to be expelled from the promised land in actualization of the most severe covenant curse (Lev

26:27-39; Dt 28:36-37, 45-68)

DESCRIPTION

An unconditional divine promise never to destroy all early life with some natural catastrophe; the covenant

“sign” being the rainbow in the storm cloud

An unconditional divine promise to fulfill the grant of the land; a self binding oath symbolically enacted

(v.17)

A conditional divine pledge to be Abraham’s God and the God of his descendants (cf. “As for me,” v. 4; “As for you,” v. 9); the condition: total consecration to the

Lord as symbolized by circumcision

A conditional divine pledge to be Israel’s God (as her

Protector and the Guarantor of her blessed destiny); the condition: Israel’s total consecration to the Lord as His people (His kingdom) who live by His rule and serve

His purposes in history

An unconditional promise to establish and maintain the

Davidic dynasty on the throne of Israel (implicitly a pledge to Israel ) to provide her forever with a godly king like David and through that dynasty to do for her what He had done through David—bring her into rest in the promised land (1Ki 4:20-21; 5:3-4)

An unconditional divine promise to unfaithful Israel to forgive her sins and establish His relationship with her on a new basis by writing His law “on their hearts”—a covenant of pure grace

Major Types of Royal Covenants/Treaties in the Ancient Near East

Royal Grant (unconditional) Parity Suzerain-vassal (conditional)

A king’s grant (of land or some other benefit) to a loyal servant for faithful or exceptional service. The grant was normally perpetual and unconditional, but the servant’s heirs benefited from it only as they continued their father’s loyalty and service. (Cf. 1Sa 8:14;

22:7; 27:6; Est 8:1.)

A covenant between equals, binding them to mutual friendship or at least to mutual respect for each other’s spheres and interests.

Participants called each other

“brothers.” (Cf. Gen 21:27;

26:31; 31:44-54; 1Ki 5:12;

15:19; 20:32-34; Am 1:9.)

A covenant regulating the relationship between a great king and one of his subjects kings. The great king claimed absolute right of sovereignty, demanded total loyalty and service (the vassal must “love” his suzerain) and pledged protection of the vassal because of his faithfulness and loyalty to him. The vassal pledged absolute loyalty to his suzerain, whatever service his suzerain demanded, and exclusive reliance on the suzerain’s protection. Participants called each other “lord” and

“servant” or “father” and “son.” (Cf. Jos 9:6,8; Eze 17:13-18;

Hos 12:1.)

© 2012 John Lewis. All Rights Reserved.

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