Rapid Needs Assessment – NWA IDPs in Bannu District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Situation Overview The Pakistan military forces have conducted airstrikes much earlier than the launch of full-fledged military operation. The early surgical strikes in February had resulted in displacement of people in the nearby districts of Bannu, DI Khan, Tank, Lakki Marwat and Kohat but in between calm prevailed and most of the families returned back. On 15 June, the Pakistan government announced a full fledged operation, however initial curfew was relaxed. On 18 June 2014, again the curfew was relaxed and people were allowed to leave North Waziristan (NWA). As of 26 June, more than 0.4 million people have been displaced, 74 % of them are children and women. In order to track the fleeing population, FDMA has established an IDP registration point at SAIDGAI check post on BannuMiranshah road and as of 7 July, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) reported the registration of 787,888 individuals. The NWA displacement Map produced by OCHA is also attached for reference. However the verification process expects to remove any registration errors, such as duplications, and provide a more accurate number of those now in displacement. Objectives of the Assessment To establish a good understanding of the current situation of affected areas of district Bannu in result of North Waziristan IDPs Crisis through consultations with locals, district government and humanitarian organizations working in the area. To assess the humanitarian needs of the IDPs population. To provide clear and authentic recommendations for further launching an inclusive humanitarian response. Methodology The assessment methodology was designed on qualitative methods, tools and techniques to collect the authentic details for further launching a well coordinated humanitarian response. Team mainly focused on interviewing the IDPs communities including IDPs committee formed by National Humanitarian Network through semi structured interviews with brief visits to the offices of local organizations working in the area, government officials, IDPs committee and Media. These meetings gave the opportunity to realize the entire perspective in the area. Assessment Tools and Techniques Due to the time constraint and panic situation in district Bannu team wasn’t able to conduct the structured interviews while team used some of the substantial tools along with holding meetings with all the stakeholders including government authorities to collect the information regarding the entire situation. Some of the techniques used by the team are as follows: Direct Observations Semi Structured Interviews Security and Access Security and accessibility were no challenges for conducting this assessment in the area as well as security is not a big concern for the local organizations in district Bannu for carrying out the humanitarian activities. However the government including Pakistan Army and PDMA/FDMA is not allowing International Agencies to respond directly. Some of local organizations having NHN membership i.e. IDEA, SABAWOON, Khwaendo Kor, BEST have already launched their humanitarian projects in the district to Assist North Waziristan IDPs. While working in Bannu shall definitely need special attention towards security protocols as usually the situation in the said district changes all of a sudden. Key Findings and Observations During IDPs committee meeting having more than 100 participants the IDPs committee and the participants complained about non availability of transport, traffic congestion due to checking on check points, and waiting for long hours in hot weather for registration at Bakakhel in FR Bannu. The harsh hot weather has severely affected women and children, thus causing serious ailments in children and women. Some of the IDPs travelled from Miranshah to Khost (Afghanistan) and then from there to Kurram Agency and then to Bannu. The IDPs committee reported that the lack of transportation has affected specifically children and elderly and persons with disabilities. The average household size was observed to be 13. The IDPs left their homes in great hurry as they were given short time to leave the area due to military operation in NWA. They travelled on foot for 24-48 hours to reach Bannu city. It was being observed and reported by the IDPs including IDPs committee that the condition of IDPs camp established Bannu complex is miserable. There’s in-sufficient space, no drinking water, no WASH facilities, in-sufficient health services, No feedback or complaint mechanism at camp. The IDPs requested for ensuring their dignity in this entire situation as the aid is not being given in dignified manner. The issue of ignoring cultural practices and customs also exists strongly in the NWA IDPs crisis. There are no separate distribution points for women however the staff and security personnel are also not following the cultural norms. This serious issue can make women more vulnerable as the men will not allow them to come to the distribution points. The IDPs committee raised this issue very rigidly and it was communicated straight forward by them that they will not accept this kind of disgusting practices at any cost. Immediate Humanitarian Needs WASH Needs Water and sanitation facilities are immediately needed in and off camps, particularly in schools and hosting communities where IDPs have taken refuge. Health Hygiene kits, Hygiene awareness sessions Need to be conducted on critical WASH related information. Hand Pumps installation, water storage tanks at host communities required IDPs face problems accessing wash facilities in schools. The women and girls have demanded for separate toilets and washrooms. As the men and women are using the same toilets. Minor repairs for water and sanitation facilities in schools in Bannu are required. This includes replacement of pipes, removal of latrine blockage, tap replacement and repair, and cleaning of water storage tanks. Insecticides and pesticides should be sprayed in the schools as the IDPs sleep on floor and they are bitten by the insects all night. Shelter and NFIs Needs Displaced families are requesting additional NFIs, such as clothes, bangles, mehndi for children, elders, women for upcoming EID festival, tents, electric fans, hand fans, solar electric bulbs, emergency lights pillows and beds, Kitchen, gas cylinders, cooking stoves (tandoors – for cooking bread/roti) sets. And the most important feeders for the infants so that their mother could feed their infants/small children Women sanitary kits should also be provided Heat powders to save from hot weather are needed Mosquito repellent are needed Health Needs Psycho social support for mothers and children is required Random sampling for water quality testing from various water sources Chlorination of water is needed to avoid water borne diseases Bed nets and mosquito repellents are urgently needed. Baby Foods are required (Cerelac, Lactogens etc) Life-saving medicines and medical supplies are needed in the IDP hosting districts including Mother and Child Health (MnCH) and Reproductive Health (RH) services. The health facilities (Infrastructure, Human Resource) are not sufficient for providing relief to the IDPs Health promotion: health and hygiene awareness, water quality monitoring and control. Lack of appropriate healthcare for pregnant and lactating mothers. Recommendations After conducting the rapid assessment the recommendations for providing humanitarian assistance to the IDPs communities are as follows: Relief Activities Provision of Cash for Choice to the affected communities Provision of Shelter kits especially designed for hot weather and including medicated mosquito nets Free Medical Camp Distribution of Kitchen Utensils Kits and Jerry Cans Clothes for Children The interventions in the entire WASH sector should be made to provide humanitarian assistance as well as minimize the future hazards.