CHML212 Exp. 18 The Grignard Reaction IN-LAB ASSIGNMENT: (EACH STUDENT will record the following data in his/her laboratory notebook in a well organized manner during lab period. Yellow carbon copies will be submitted for grading along with Post-Lab assignment.) …..max score = 20 pts. 6. Data/Calculations a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Actual volume of n-butyl bromide, acetone, and diethyl ether used Mass of magnesium turnings used Physical state and color of product Limiting reagent calculation based on all reactants Theoretical yield calculation GC vial slot # for sample All adjusted area % calculations 7. In-lab Question (The following question should be answered in laboratory notebook.) a. Draw the product, and a complete mechanism for its formation, of the reaction between propyl magnesium bromide with acetophenone. O MgBr b. + ether ? During the experiment a student neglected to completely dry the glassware prior to assembling the apparatus. Write the chemical equation that occurs between propyl magnesium bromide and water, and explain how this would affect the Grignard synthesis. CHML212 Exp. 18 The Grignard Reaction POST-LAB ASSIGNMENT: (EACH LAB GROUP will submit one copy of a typewritten, paragraph style report addressing all of the points listed below. Must be written using PAST TENSE, PASSIVE VOICE. ) …..max score = 50 pts. 8. Experimental (Write 1-2 paragraphs including all of the following. Do NOT present a bulleted outline.) What type of reaction did you perform? Describe the actual synthetic procedure. Include names of any reactants used and desired product, as well as name of solvent and catalyst used (if any). Be sure to give actual volumes/masses of compounds used during the synthesis (not just what the lab manual tells you to use). Describe the purification technique used to isolate the desired product, including names and volume/mass of any compounds used during purification process. Describe the analytical technique used to evaluate the product, including name and volume/mass of any compounds used during sample preparation, and any type of spectral analysis performed. 9. Results (Complete these tables. Then copy and paste completed tables into your document.) Table 18.1 GC Results GC Retention Times (min) Standard Sample Compound Area Percent Adjusted Area Percent methanol acetone n-butyl bromide 2-methyl-2-hexanol octane n/a Table 18.2 IR Analysis Functional Group OH stretch sp3 CH stretch C-O stretch C-Br stretch Base Values Frequency (cm-1) 2500-3300 2850-3000 1000-1200 500-700 n-butyl bromide Frequency (cm-1) 2-methyl-2-hexanol Frequency (cm-1) Table 18.3 NMR Analysis (The chemical shifts can be handwritten into this table!) n-butyl bromide 2-methyl-2-hexanol H1 C1 H1 C2 C1 C2 H2 Br H3 OH CH2 1 CH2 2 CH2 CH3 3 4 1 H3 2 C3 H4, 5 H4 OH H3C C CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3 3 CH3 1 4 5 C3 6 C4 C4 H6 C5 C6 10. Discussion (Write 1-2 pages including the following.) Based on the GC results, were the reactants completely converted to the desired product? Explain this conclusion by giving the name and adjusted area percent of any peaks in the sample chromatogram. How can NMR spectroscopy be used to differentiate between the n-butyl bromide and the alcohol product in this experiment? Give the identity of one type of proton and explain how it could be used to determine whether or not the conversion took place. Include the typical chemical shift and the actual chemical shift for this type of proton in your statement. Include a short comment addressing what could be done differently to improve the experimental results, if repeated. Be sure to attach GC chromatogram!