Ten Types of Animal Behavior Worksheet Name ____________________________________ Date _____________________ Use the posters you have created to search for the answers to these questions. Sexual Behavior 1. What are pheromones? 2. What are some actions that male animals exhibit when a female is in heat? 3. What is preferential mating, as it occurs in chickens and turkeys? 4. Intact males have more __________________behavior than castrates of most animals. 5. What is courtship behavior? 6. Apply Your New Knowledge! Do you think that animal species must occasionally adapt their courtship behaviors for survival in the wild? Why? Maternal Behavior 7. When the young of cattle, sheep, goats and horses are born, how do their mothers care for them? 8. How do sows encourage their young to nurse? 9. Do some animal’s mothers become aggressive in protecting their young? When? Why? 10. How many days after parturition does the care of the mother begin to decline for cows? Ewes? Sows? 11. Young pigs may begin to nurse less frequently if they have _______________________ available. 12. Apply Your New Knowledge! If you were managing cattle, would good maternal traits be important to select for? Why Communication Behavior 13. What is a distress call? When does it occur? 14. What is the most effective way for a female to recognize her offspring? 15. Will females adopt other young? Under what circumstances? 16. Many farm animals learn to respond to _____________________of the producer who feeds the animals. 17. Cattle have ____________degree vision. 18. Apply Your New Knowledge! How does 310-360-degree vision of cattle affect their behavior? Social Behavior (Part 1) 19. Unless ________________ when young, the males of all farm animals fight when they meet other unfamiliar males of the same species. 20. Why might an animal withdraw from the group? 21. How do horns affect the social rank in a herd of cows? 22. Does social rank in a herd carry over from one year to the next? 23. Do animals fed together consume more or less feed than when they are fed individually? Why? 24. Apply Your New Knowledge! What are three issues that a horse producer might think about in relation to social behavior before turning 10 horses, who were strangers, into the same pen? Social Behavior (Part 2) 25. How do producers determine disposition or temperament? 26. How do animals with poor dispositions effect an operation? 27. What is the flight zone? 28. How does sensitivity to shadows and unusual movements affect the handling of cattle? 29. AI facilities can increase ____________________ rates if the animals are handled quietly and carefully. 30. Apply Your New Knowledge! Where is the point of balance? How can an individual use it to more effectively handle animals? Feeding Behavior 31. What is Ingestive behavior? 32. What does ruminate mean? Which animals ruminate? 33. Under range conditions, how far will cattle travel while grazing? Sheep? Eliminative Behavior 34. Hogs ___________________ in definite areas of the pasture or pen. Knowing defecation patterns of the pigs can plan ease of cleaning swine pens. 35. Animals usually lose about 3% of their live weight when transported; this is called ____________________. 36. Apply Your New Knowledge! Could changes in ingestive behavior alert a producer of health problems in an animal? Give examples. Shelter-Seeking Behavior 37. In snow and cold winds, animals often _______________________ for warmth. 38. 39. Cattle and horses often seek the shelter of ______________ when it is raining. Some instinctive behavior is exhibited in animals in response to internal, biological _________________________. 40. What is circadian rhythm? 41. What is one example of a yearly rhythm? 42. Apply Your New Knowledge! Compare and contrast Hibernation and Estivation. Investigative Behavior 43. How does an animal show curiosity? 44. Which species of farm animal is least curious? 45. Describe two of the characteristics of a dog’s investigative behaviors. 46. Apply Your New Knowledge! How can an animal’s investigative behavior, such as a dog’s, be useful in our society? Allelomimetic Behavior 47. What is Allelomimetic behavior? 48. Why is this behavior of practical importance? Maladaptive or Abnormal Behavior 49. Animals that cannot adapt to their environment may exhibit ______________________________ behavior. 50. Both chickens and swine have resulted to _______________________ at times when kept under extensive management systems. 51. Apply Your New Knowledge! Do you believe that extensive management systems create problems with animal behavior? Why or why not?