What is the theory? Behaviorists Cognitivists Constructivists Multiple Intelligences Learning Styles Theory Thos e who view all behavior as a response to external stimuli Those who focus on learning as a mental operation that begins when information enters through the senses, undergoes mental manipulation, is stored, and finally used Those who believe that knowledge is a constructed element resulting from the learning process and that knowledge is unique to the individual who constructs it There is more to intelligence than what was historically measured by IQ tests, possibly nine different aspects of intellegences Those conditions under which an individual best learns. The most common learning style theory identifies three primary modalities for learning: auditory, visual, and kinesthetic Who’s established theory? Key Theorists Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, and B.F. Skinner Jerome Bruner, David Ausubel, and Jean Piaget What is the theory really saying? Summary of Theory An organism that performs or doesn’t perform an action due to either positive, negative, or neutral reinforcements An organism knows how to perform an action after observation and the information is stored, and is more complex than just a stimulus response Seymour Papert, Robert Gagné, Lev Vygotskym and Albert Bandura One doesn’t learn just mentally but also based on experiences with those mental processes Howard Gardner There are different areas of intelligence, such as intelligence for language, math, music, etc.. How one best learns whether the learn best by hearing, reading, or doing, etc..