Comparative Government & Politics Guided Reading: Chapter Nine Terms: Create a set of flashcards for the following terms. Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) Common Foreign and Security Policy Lisbon Treaty 2009 European Parliament European Commission European Court of Justice Qualified majority European Council Maastricht Treaty European Single Market Community Method Subsidiarity Citizen Initiative Institutional Triangle Schengen Area Eurozone Crisis Guided Reading Questions: Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper as you read the text. 1. In 1950, after sixty years of war and preparation for war among the European powers, what factors came together to forge a plan for building a European community? 2. What problems I the 1970s threatened a retreat into “Eurosclerosis”? 3. How does the EU represent both the challenges and prospects of globalization? 4. How did the end of the Cold War affect the prospects for European integration? 5. What have been the relative weights of international and European-domestic factors in the development of the EU? 6. Assess the changing balance between the “supernational” and member state interests in EU history. 7. How did the end of the Cold War change the EU? 8. To what degree does the EU provide promising models and lessons for governance on a global scale? 9. Why might citizens have trouble identifying with EU institutions? 10. Does the EU have a built-in motor pushing it towards “ever greater union”? 11. Why does the EU have so many legitimacy problems? 12. Outline the complex division of policy labor between the EU and its member states. 13. Can the EU be a new kind of actor in international affairs, capable of using “soft power” and moral persuasion successfully instead of military might? 14. Why has adding new members to the EU been such a difficult process? 15. How does one explain the “retreat” of EU member states from strong commitments to new European integration in the new century? 16. What does the EU’s vulnerability to the Great Recession say about the EU’s place in globalization?