Unit 7 FRQs 1. a. b. c. Urban Sprawl has contributed to inner-city decay in many North American urban places. Define Urban Sprawl. Explain how urban sprawl has contributed to inner-city decay in some North American urban places. Choose two of the following categories of solutions to uneven development, and for each, explain one related approach to reducing uneven development: Political Urban Morphology Cultural Legal 2. Urbanization is affecting nearly all parts of the world. a. Define urbanization. b. Describe and explain the current trends in levels and rates of urbanization in two of the following regions: North America Southeast Asia Latin America c. Explain counterurbanization. Explain the demographic trends linked to current patterns in counterurbanization in the United States. 3. a. Define gentrification b. Relate gentrification to the photographs above. The modern loft apartments sell for roughly $200,000 each c. Explain one positive and one negative effect of gentrification. 4. The two models above provide explanations for urban land use. a. Explain two similarities between the models. b. Explain two differences between the models. 5. Burgess’s model and Hoyt’s model were created to explain different land uses within cities. a. Describe Burgess’s model and describe three zones that exist within this model. b. Describe Hoyt’s model and explain one similarity and one difference between Hoyt’s model and Burgess’s model. c. Explain one way that the process of invasion and succession illustrates BOTH models. 6. The development of suburbs in North American metropolitan areas has greatly accelerated since the 1950s and 1960s. Discuss how three of the following have contributed to this acceleration. a. Transportation b. Housing production c. Landscape preferences d. Social and demographic trends 7. Over the past 150 years, railroad and highway systems influenced patterns of urban growth in the United States. A. Identify and explain one way that railroads affected the size and one way that railroads affected the form of cities in the United States between 1870 and 1920. B. Identify and explain two ways that the Interstate Highway System affected cities in the United States between 1950 and today. 8. A large proportion of urban residents in the megacities of the periphery of the world system live in squatter settlements. A. Describe a typical location of squatter settlements within urban areas of megacities on the global periphery. B. Describe two factors that contribute to the formation of squatter settlements. C. Give a detailed account of THREE consequences of the rapid growth of squatter settlements. The three consequences you discuss may be social, economic, political or environmental. 9. In the 1990s the central business districts of cities in the United States became the focus of a revitalization process. Discuss how each of the following has contributed to that revitalization process. a. Economic Factors b. Demographic Composition c. Urban Policy d. Sense of Place 10. Question 1 on 2003 FRQ : http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap03_frq_human_geo_23207.pdf 11. Question 3 on 2004 FRQ : http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap04_frq_human_geo_36112.pdf 12. Question 3 on 2002 FRQ: http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/human_geo_frq_02_10412.pdf 13.