Human Topic 4 Development Dilemmas

Topic 4: Development Dilemmas
How and why do countries develop in different ways?
Definitions of development
Examine contrasting ways of defining
vary as do attempts to
development, using economic criteria and
measure it.
broader social and political measures.
There remains a large
gap between the level
of development of the
most developed and least
developed countries.
Evaluate different ways of measuring
development, including Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) per capita, the Human Development
Index and measurements of political freedom
and corruption.
Examine the extent of the global development
gap and how this has changed over time, using a
range of indicators
For one developing country in Sub- Saharan
Africa, consider recent social, political and
economic development and possible barriers to
further progress.
To know some different definitions of
To know that development can be
measured in different ways including
economic (money/jobs), social (people),
and political (government).
To learn the advantages and
disadvantages of different ways to
measure development.
To understand what is meant by the
term ‘development gap’ i.e. the locational
difference between the rich and poor
To know that the pattern of wealth in
the world has changed considerably –
most notable has been the growth of
wealth in Asia – especially India and
To know how Uganda has developed
Be able to identify social, political and
economic improvements in the country.
To understand that some factors may
limit the ability of Uganda to further
How might the development gap be closed?
Development strategies
vary in theory.
Use theories of development to help explain
why societies develop over time, including
Rostow’s modernisation theory and dependency
Levels of development may vary within a country
with regional differences evident, especially
between an urban core and a rural periphery.
Types of development
vary between top-down
and bottom-up strategies.
Compare the characteristics of top-down and
bottom-up strategies in terms of their scale,
aims, funding and technology.
Evaluate the impact of one large topdown
project, e.g. a dam, on different groups of
people in a developing country.
To know that theories have been put
forward about how countries develop.
To be able to describe Rostow’s theory
– the five stages that countries may
progress through as they develop.
To know that not all theorists agreed
with Rostow’s model and put forward
alternative models
To understand the dependency theory
and how rich countries have affected
the development of poorer countries.
To know that levels of development
within one country can vary.
To know what is meant by the terms
core and periphery.
To know the reasons for the ‘core urban’
areas in Brazil.
To know the reasons for the peripheral
rural areas in Brazil.
Be able to name a core region and a
peripheral region in Brazil.
To know the main characteristics of a
top-down strategy and a bottom up
To be able to discuss the differences
between the two strategies in terms of
scale (size), aim (what they are trying to
do), funding (where the money comes
from) and the technology they use.
To know how one top-down project e.g.
Three Gorges Dam, has affected
different people.