# Name Room ______ Measuring Volume Class Notes MEASURING

advertisement
```Name ______________________________________________________________________ Room _____________
Measuring Volume Class Notes
MEASURING VOLUME
 Volume is the amount or how much space an object takes up.
 Milliliters (mL) is the unit measure for liquid volume. The beaker often has
lines every 5 mL (milliliters).
 Meniscus is the curved shape of the waterline.
To measure the volume of a liquid, scientists pour the liquid into either a beaker or
graduated cylinder. The surface of the liquid curves up the sides of the beaker and
graduated cylinder. Measure the volume of the liquid from the bottom of the curve.
See which line from the side of the beaker is closest to this level.
What is the volume of water
contained in each of these
two beakers?
What is the volume of water
contained in the graduated
cylinder?
A. _40_ mL
__36.5__mL
B. _75__ mL
What is the volume of water
contained in the graduated
cylinder?
A graduated cylinder contains 20.0 mL of
water. After a rock is placed in the cylinder,
the level rises as shown below. What is the
volume of the rock?
__43__mL
__14___cm3
The diagram shows
two containers, A and
B. Container A
contains 150 milliliters
of water. Container B
is empty.
The diagram shows two measuring containers, A and B.
Container A contains 10 milliliters
(mL) of a liquid. All of the liquid
from container A is poured into
container B. Shade container B in
the diagram above to show the
volume of the water in container
B after it was poured from
container A.
The diagram shows four
identical marbles and a
graduated cylinder containing
43 mL of water.
A student puts two marbles in
the cylinder and the water
level rises from 43 mL to 45
mL. The student then puts the
other two marbles in the
graduated cylinder.
1. What will the water level
be when all four marbles are
in the graduated cylinder?
A 43 mL
C 47 mL
B 45 mL
D 49 mL
2. Which property of the
marbles causes the water
level to rise when they are put in the graduated cylinder?
A. color
B. shape
C. texture
D. volume
If all of the water from
container A is poured into container B, what will
happen to the volume of the water?
A. It will decrease.
B. It will increase.
C. It will remain the same.
If all the water from container A is poured into container
B, which property of the water will change?
A. mass
B. color
C. shape
Review
Complete the chart by filling in the three shaded
boxes with the correct property, tool, and metric unit
of measurement.
Property
Tool
mass
balance
Metric Unit of
Measurement
g
length
ruler
cm
volume
temperature
graduated
cylinder
thermometer
mL
&deg;C
Name ______________________________________________________________________ Room _____________
Measuring Volume Homework
1. Which instrument would be best to measure the volume of a liquid?
A. balance
B. a stopwatch
C. a thermometer
D. a graduated cylinder
2. Which instrument should a student use to measure exactly 10 milliliters (mL) of water?
A. graduated cylinder
B. pan balance
C. ruler
D. thermometer
3. What is the unit measure for liquid volume?
A. Meters
B. Celsius
C. Milliliters
D. Gram
Use the drawing below to answer questions 4 and 5.
4. What is best measured with the tool shown?
A. color of an apple’s skin C. height of an apple tree
B. length of an apple’s stem D. volume of apple juice
5. Suppose each tick-mark on the beaker measures 20 mL. If the first tick-mark is 20 mL, what is
the volume of the liquid in the beaker?
A. about 40 mL
B. about 60 mL
C. about 80 mL
D. about 100 mL
Use the illustration below to answer questions 6-8.
6. What is this tool called?
A. funnel
C. graduated cylinder
B. flask
D. beaker
7. What kind of measurement do you make with this tool?
A. length
C. temperature
B. mass
D. volume
8. How many milliliters of liquid are shown?
A. 40
B. 43
C. 45
D. 50
The diagram below shows liquid in a container and an empty container.
9. All the liquid is poured into the empty container. Which property
of the liquid changes?
A. color
B. odor
C. shape
D. volume
The diagram below shows a glass of water and a rock.
10. When the rock is placed into the glass, the water level will
A. decrease
B. increase
C. remain the same
11. Which force causes the rock to sink to the bottom of a glass of water?
A. gravity
B. friction
C. magnetism
D. electricity
12. Complete the chart by identifying the scientific
tool used to measure each of the physical properties
listed. The scientific tool in the first row is shown.
```