EPC Exhibit 134D-9 - National Library of Australia

EPC Exhibit 135-10.1
March 7, 2012
Dewey Section
Caroline Kent, Chair
Decimal Classification Editorial Policy Committee
Members of the Decimal Classification Editorial Policy Committee
Karl E. Debus-López, Chief, U.S. General Division
From: Julianne Beall, Assistant Editor
Dewey Decimal Classification
Library of Congress
Joan S. Mitchell, Editor in Chief
Dewey Decimal Classification
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.
T5—94541 Finns
Magdalena Svanberg, National Library of Sweden, wrote (November 25, 2011):
Finns as a national group
In Finland, people speaking Swedish is an officially recognised minority, and
Finnish and Swedish are the two official languages. Finns often refer only to
people speaking Finnish, and the people speaking Swedish are called
finlandssvenskar, in English literary Swedes of Finland. To refer to all citizens of
Finland, the term finländare is used. Because of this we would like you to
introduce a note explaining that the number for Finns is also the number for
comprehensive works on people of Finland as a national group
T5--94541 Finns
Class here Finns as a national group
For Swedish speaking Finns, see T5--39704897
The kinds of notes being proposed are common in Table 5; they reflect standard practice.
For example:
T5—35 Swiss
Class here Swiss Germans, comprehensive works on people of
Switzerland as a national group
For Swiss citizens of other ethnic groups, see the ethnic
group, e.g., French-speaking Swiss T5—410494,
Romansh-speaking Swiss T5—59960494, Italian-speaking
Swiss T5—510494
The Manual entry at Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups, discussing preferred citation
order in the Ethnic group and nationality section, uses Finns as an example:
The generally preferred citation order is ethnic group over nationality, as
nationality is normally given a low priority, and citizens and noncitizens
of a country class in the same number. . . . .
In general, use the same number for both the majority ethnic group of a
nation and the total population viewed as a national group, e.g.,
T5—94541 for both ethnic Finns and all citizens of Finland viewed as a
national group. Usually, priority between ethnic and national affiliation is
an issue only for minority ethnic groups, e.g., use T5—39704897
(T5—397 Swedes + T2—4897 Finland) for Finnish citizens who are
ethnic Swedes, a minority ethnic group, because their ethnic group takes
priority over their nationality. Use T5—94541073 (T5—94541 Finns +
T2—73 United States) for Finnish citizens who are ethnic Finns in the
United States, but use T5—397073 (T5—397 Swedes + T2—73 United
States) for Finnish citizens who are ethnic Swedes in the United States,
which is the number for all persons of Swedish descent in the United
States. Their Finnish national origin is not expressed because of the low
priority given to nationality. The exception to this rule occurs when the
class number to which Table 5 notation is added defines the present
location of the group, as in 940–999, so that it is possible to express both
the present and the past location of the group, e.g., use 973.0439704897
for ethnic Swedes from Finland in United States history.
We recommend following the Swiss pattern for the wording of the new notes—except
that when the caption is “Finns,” there is no need for an equivalent to “Class here Swiss
Germans.” Incidentally, the note about Kven and speakers of Tornedalen Finnish was
introduced with DDC 23.
Class here comprehensive works on people of Finland
as a national group
Class Kven and people who speak, or whose ancestors
spoke, Tornedalen Finnish in T5—9454
For citizens of Finland belonging to other ethnic
groups, see the ethnic group, e.g.,
Swedish-speaking Finns T5—39704897
The standard Table 5 see-reference that we propose for T5—94541 gives enough context
to make clear that “Swedish-speaking Finns” is not limited to emigrants outside Finland;
consequently, the different LCSH usage should not be a problem. LCSH uses “Swedishspeaking Finns” as a see reference to “Finland-Swedes,” a heading that has the scope
note: “Here are entered works on the Swedish-speaking linguistic minority who have
emigrated from Finland. Works on Swedes living in Finland are entered
under [Swedes—Finland.]” (See the LCSH authority records at
We have not provided Relative Index entries for French-speaking Swiss, Romanshspeaking Swiss, or Italian-speaking Swiss; the pattern is not to index a standard ethnicgroup-plus-area built number for a minority group unless we are mapping an LCSH to the
built number. We do not propose to provide a Relative Index entry to the built number
for Swedish-speaking Finns.