Plant Systems AG2

Plant Systems AG2
Essential Questions:
1. How do plant classification, plant anatomy, and plant physiology affect the production and management of plants?
2. What are the necessary steps to prepare and implement a plant management plan that addresses the influence of environmental factors,
nutrients and soil on plant growth?
3. How can one affectively propagate, culture, and harvest plants?
Essential Vocabulary: acid, anion, annuals, biological control, cation, cation exchange capacity, chemical control, conservation tillage, continuous
cropping, conventional tillage, crop rotation, crop scouting, cultivar, cultural control, dichotomous key, double cropping, fixing, genetic control,
integrated pest management(IPM), organic farming, parasites, perennials, pest population equilibrium, pH, postemergence tillage, pre-plant tillage,
soil fertility, primary tillage, saprophyte, secondary tillage, sustainable agriculture, weed map
Essential Understanding
The student will demonstrate competence in the application of scientific principles and techniques to the production and management of
PS.01: Apply knowledge of plant classification, plant anatomy and plant physiology to the production and management of plants.
Students will know…
Students will understand that…
Students will be able to…
Prior Background Knowledge
 how to classify agricultural
 taxonomy is also used to
 describe the morphological
plants according to
demonstrate the diversity
characteristics used to
 computer experience
taxonomy systems.
of organisms, how they are
identify agricultural plants.
 basic Math and ELA skills
(GP, RM)
 basic speaking and
listening skills
 a life cycle is defined as the
 basic collaboration tools
time required for a seed to
germinate, the seedling to
 annuals
grow vegetatively, flower,
and produce viable seed.
 cultivar
 dichotomous key
 perennials
 taxonomy
Drafted July 1, 2015
PS.02: Prepare and implement a plant management plan that addresses the influence of environmental factors, nutrients and soil on plant
Students will know…
Students will understand that …
Students will be able to…
Prior Background Knowledge
 how to prepare growing
 soil fertility involves the
 determine the hydraulic
media for use in plant
storage of nutrients and
conductivity for soil and
 computer experience
refers to the availability of
how the results influence
 basic Math and ELA skills
those nutrients for plants.
irrigation practices. (GP)
 how to develop and
 basic speaking and
implement a fertilization
 soil pH is the measure of
 discuss the influence of pH
listening skills
plan for specific plants or
acidity or alkalinity of the
and cation exchange
 basic collaboration tools
capacity on the availability
of nutrients. (GP)
 soil productivity can be
affected by organic matter,
soil depth, surface slope,
soil organisms, and
nutrient balance.
 acid
 anion
 cation
 cation exchange capacity
 pH
 soil fertility
PS.03: Propagate, culture and harvest plants.
Students will know…
Prior Background Knowledge
 how to demonstrate plant
propagation techniques.
 computer experience
 how to develop and
 basic Math and ELA skills
implement a plant
 basic speaking and
management plan for crop
listening skills
 basic collaboration tools
 how to develop and
implement a plan for
integrated pest
 how to apply principles
Drafted July 1, 2015
Students will understand that …
Students will be able to…
 there are a variety of tillage
 explain pollination, crosssystem options available to
pollination and selfthe crop producer.
pollination of flowering
plants. (GP)
 conservation tillage is a
tillage program aimed at
 demonstrate sowing
reducing erosion by leaving
techniques and provide
crop residues on a rough
favorable conditions for
soil surface.
seed germination. (GP)
 major pest groups and their
 define micropropagation,
biology knowledge is
discuss advantages
required to ensure success
associated with the practice
and practices of sustainable
agriculture to plant
how to harvest, handle and
store crops.
 biological control
 chemical control
 conservation tillage
 continuous cropping
 conventional tillage
 crop rotation
 crop scouting
 cultural control
 double cropping
 fixing
 genetic control
 integrated pest
 organic farming
 parasites
 pest population
 postemergence tillage
 pre-plant tillage
 primary tillage
 saprophyte
 secondary tillage
Drafted July 1, 2015
in reducing crop losses due
to pests.
the goal of managing pest
populations is to avoid a
profit reduction.
integrated pest
management (IPM) is an
organized program in
which the best
management methods
available are used to keep
pest populations below the
economic injury level.
there are many benefits of
IPM to agriculture and the
bacteria spread easily, but
there are various methods
for control.
different species of bacteria
affect plants in different
one of the keys to a
successful integrated pest
management program is
regular monitoring of field
crop conditions and pest
scouting for weeds is
necessary to determine the
need to control weeds that
can compete with crops for
light, water, and nutrients.
insect pests can be
monitored in several ways,
and several methods of
and outline the four main
stages of the process. (FO)
explain the principles
behind recombinant DNA
technology and the basic
steps in the process. (GP)
give examples of the risks
and advantages associated
with genetically modified
plants. (GP)
inspect propagation
material for evidence of
pests or disease. (PM)
prepare soil for planting
with the addition of
amendments. (SO)
prepare growing media for
planting. (SO)
identify types of plant pests
and disorders. (PM)
identify major local weeds,
insect pests and infectious
and noninfectious plant
diseases. (PM, RM)
design and implement a
crop scouting program.
describe damage caused by
plant pests and diseases.
diagram the life cycles of
major plant pests and
diseases. (PM)
describe pest control
strategies associated with
integrated pest
sustainable agriculture
weed map
scouting are utilized.
Drafted July 1, 2015
management. (PM)
describe types of pesticide
controls and formulations.
explain risks and benefits
associated with the
materials and methods
used in plant pest
management. (PM)
explain procedures for the
safe handling, use and
storage of pesticides. (PM)
evaluate environmental
and consumer concerns
regarding pest
management strategies.
explain sustainable
agriculture and objectives
associated with the
strategy. (GP, FO, RM)
describe sustainable
agriculture practices and
compare the ecological
effects of traditional
agricultural practices with
those of sustainable
agriculture. (GM)
identify harvesting
methods and harvesting
equipment. (GP)
assess the stage of growth
to determine crop maturity
or salability and
demonstrate proper
harvesting techniques. (GP)
PS.04: Employ elements of design to enhance an environment. (NA)
Drafted July 1, 2015
explain reasons for
calculating crop yield and
loss. (GP)
evaluate crop yield and loss
data. (GP)
implement plans to reduce
crop loss. (GP)
explain the proper
conditions to maintain the
quality of plants and plant
products held in storage.
explain the reasons for
preparing plants and plant
products for distribution.
demonstrate techniques for
grading, handling and
packaging plants and plant
products for distribution.