CPR Study Guide #1

CPR Study Guide #1
1. You may realize that an emergency has occurred only if you become aware of
unusual _______________________, ________________________, and_______________________________
2. The vast majority of states have_________________ _________________________ laws that
protect citizens when they give emergency care in good faith.
3. In general you should give care to an ill or injured person until: You see obvious
signs of life, such as _________________________. Another __________________
___________________________ or EMS take over. You are too__________________ to continue or
the scene becomes _____________________.
4. You should always get permission to give care unless a person is
_________________________ or unable to respond, _______________________, mentally impaired,
seriously _____________________ or seriously _____________. In these cases, the law assumes
that is the person could respond, he or she would agree to care. This is called
__________________ ____________________.
5. While giving care avoid contact with _________________and other body fluids or objects
that may be soiled with __________________ and other body fluids. Use protective CPR
breathing barriers. Use barriers, such as _____________________ _______________. Cover
any of your own cuts, scrapes or sores with a _______________________. Do not eat, drink
or touch your ____________________, __________________, or _____________________ when giving
care or before you wash your hands after care has been given.
6. The three emergency actions steps are: ___________________, ____________________,
7. ______________ first for an adult or child about 12 who is unconscious, a child or infant
who you witnessed suddenly ___________________ or an unconscious child or infant
known to have __________________ problems.
8. _______________ first for an unconscious child (younger than 12) who you did not see
collapse or any drowning victim.
9. One of the most dangerous threats to a seriously injured or ill person is unnecessary
10. Checking a conscious person with no immediate life-threatening conditions involves
two basic steps: _______________________the person and bystanders. Check the person
from ___________________ to _________________.
11. __________________ is a condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver enough
oxygen rich blood to the body’s tissues and vital organs.
12. When checking an unconscious person….always check to see if an unconscious
person: has an _____________ ______________________ and is breathing normally or is
______________________ severely.
13. When someone is unconscious and lying on his or her back, the ___________________
may fall to the back of the throat and block the airway.
14. When checking an unconscious person for breathing, position yourself so you can
___________________, _______________________, and ________________ for breathing. Do this for
no more than ________________ seconds.
15. After responding to an emergency involving a serious injury, illness or death, it is
not unusual to experience acute________________________.
CPR Study Guide #2
1. A heart attack can be indicated by common signals such as; chest pain, discomfort or
____________________, discomfort in other areas of the ________________ _________________ in
addition to the chest, trouble ____________________, skin may be __________________ or
ashen. Men and women might have different signals.
2. If you suspect someone is having a heart attack you should: _______________ ___________
or local emergency number. Have a person stop what he or she is doing and
______________, _______________ any tight or uncomfortable clothing. Be prepared to
perform _____________ and use an _______________. Ask the person if he or she has a
history of heart disease and give them prescribed medication for chest pain if they
have it. Offer ________________ if medically appropriate. Be ____________ and reassuring.
Talk to bystanders to get information. Do NOT try to drive the person to the hospital
3. The Cardiac Chain of Survival is: Early __________________________ and early _____________
to EMS. Early _________________. Early ______________________. Early _________________________
__________________ care.
4. CPR is a combination of _________________________ ____________________ and
_____________________ breaths.
5. For chest compressions to be the most effective, the person should be on his or her
_______________ on a _______________, flat surface.
6. When giving compressions push the sternum down at least __________ inches.
7. Once you have given ___________ compressions, open the airway using the headtilt/chin-lift technique and give _______________ rescue breaths.
8. Every year in the Unites States more than _____________________ people die of sudden
cardiac arrest.
9. When using an AED (Automated External Defibrillator), if CPR is in progress, do
NOT interrupt until the AED is ________________ ____________ and the defibrillation pads
are __________________.
10. The first step in operating an AED is to _________________ _____________ the AED.
11. Apply the AED pads to the person’s ______________, _____________ chest.
12. After delivering the AED shock, or if no shock is advised: perform about ________
minutes or (____________ cycles) of CPR and continue to follow the prompts of the
13. When using an AED around water, remove him or her from the water before
defibrillation. A shock delivered in the water could harm _____________________ and
14. It is (circle one….) SAFE UNSAFE to deliver a shock to a person in cardiac arrest
when he or she is lying on a metal surface, as long as appropriate safety precautions
are taken.
15. You (circle one…) DO
using an AED.
DO NOT have to remove jewelry and body piercings when
CPR Study Guide #3
1. Hyperventilation is the body’s way of compensating when there is a lack of enough
______________________. The result is an excess of carbon dioxide, which alters the
______________________ of the blood.
2. A severe allergic reaction can cause a condition called ______________________________.
3. Signs of breathing emergencies include: Trouble ______________________ or no
breathing. __________________ or rapid breathing. Unusually deep or ______________________
breathing. _________________ for breath. Wheezing, gurgling or making high-pitched
noises. Unusually _____________ or ____________ skin. Flushed, pale, ashen or
_______________ skin. ________________________ of breath. ______________________ or lightheadedness. Pain in the _________________ or tingling in the hands, feet, or ___________.
Apprehensive or fearful feelings.
4. If a person is not breathing or if breathing is too ________________, too ______________,
________________ or ___________________ call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
5. If an adult is unconscious and not breathing, the cause is most likely a
_________________ emergency.
6. Signals of choking include: ______________________ either forcefully or weakly. Clutching
the _______________ with one or both hands. Inability to ________________, speak,
_____________, or breathe. Making _____________________________ noises while inhaling or
noisy breathing, panic, or __________________ skin. Losing consciousness if blockage is
not removed.
7. To give abdominal thrusts to a conscious choking adult or child; Stand or kneel
behind the person and wrap your arms around his or her waist. Locate the
_______________ with one or two fingers of one hand. Make a _______________ with the
other hand and place the _________________ side against the middle of the person’s
abdomen, just above the navel and well below the lower tip of the
_______________________. Grab you fist with your other hand and give quick,
_______________ thrusts into the abdomen.
8. If a conscious choking person is too large for you to reach around , is obviously
pregnant or is known to be pregnant, give _________________ ___________________ instead.
9. If you are alone and choking, bend over and press your _____________________ against
any firm object.
10. For a choking person in a wheelchair, give _____________________ ___________________.
CPR Study Guide #4
1. If someone faints: ________________ the person to the ground or other flat surface and
position him or her on their ___________________ lying __________________. Loosen any
__________________ ________________________. Check that the person is _____________________.
If the victim vomits, roll them onto one _______________________.
2. The general principles of managing a seizure are to prevent ____________________,
protect the person’s _______________________ and make sure that the ___________________ is
open after the seizure has ended. Do not hold or __________________ the person or put
anything in the person’s __________________.
3. Signals of seizures include: A blank _______________, a period of distorted sensation
during which the person is unable to _________________________. Uncontrolled muscular
contractions called _____________________________, which lasts several minutes.
4. Although it may be frightening to see someone unexpectedly having a seizure, you
should remember that most seizures last only for a ___________ __________________and
the person usually recovers without problems.
5. Diabetes is a major risk factor for a _______________________.
6. You can help prevent stroke if you: Control _________________ _____________________. Quit
____________________________. Eat a _______________________ diet. ________________________
regularly. Maintain a _____________________ _____________________. Control
7. For a stroke, think FAST, which stands for: Weakness, numbness or drooping on one
side of the _____________________. Weakness or numbness in one _______________. Slurred
___________________or difficulty _____________________. Try to determine when the signals
began as ____________________ is critical.
8. Warning signals of Type I diabetes included: Frequent ___________________________.
Increase ______________________ or ____________________. Unexpected ______________________
loss. Irritability. Weakness and ____________________.
9. People with Type II diabetes often do not experience any warning signals. Possible
warning signals of Type II include: Any of the warning signals of Type I. Frequent
_____________________. ________________________ vision. _________________________ in the legs,
feet and fingers. Cuts or bruises that are slow to ______________________. Itching.
10. If someone is poisoned you can call 9-1-1 or the National Poison Control Center
hotline at _______________________________________________.
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