First Aid

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What are the Emergency
Actions Principles?
Check
a ______________________________
Call
b ______________________________
Care
c ______________________________
What does “ABC” stand for?
Airway
a ______________________________
Breathing
b ______________________________
Circulation
c ______________________________
Without oxygen, the average
4-6
person will die in: __________
minutes.
What is the first objective in
Open an
rescue breathing?____________
airway
_______________________________
How do you open an airway
that is blocked by the victim’s
head tilt/chin lift
tongue?________________________
When should you NOT tilt the
head for rescue breathing?
If
there is a head or back injury
_________________________________
At what rate do you give rescue
breathing to an:
Once every 5 seconds
a Adult? _________________________
every 4 seconds
b Child/Infant? __________________
List 5 causes (prevention) for
choking:
not chewed enough
a ______________________________
object too large
b ______________________________
talking or laughing
c ______________________________
running
d ______________________________
intoxicated (vomit)
e ______________________________
What is the proper treatment
for choking? (conscious victim)
(cannot cough, speak, breathe)
5 abdominal thrusts
a ______________________________
5 back blows
b ______________________________
What are the signs of a STROKE?
FACE
___________
RMS
A__________
PEECH
S___________
IME
T___________
(ask them to smile)
(raise both arms)
(simple sentence)
(note time/911)
(2)
How quickly can a person die if
a large blood vessel is
1 to 2 minutes
cut?______________________________
What is the correct way to stop
bleeding from an arm or leg?
direct pressure /elevation
_________________________________
What are the objectives of first
aid for serious wounds?
Stop the bleeding
a _________________________________
prevent infection
b _________________________________
prevent shock
c _________________________________
What are two symptoms of
shock?
cool, clammy skin
a Pale,
_________________________________
rapid pulse/breathing
b weak,
_________________________________
List the steps for treating shock?
Lay them down, raise legs 8-12”
a _________________________________
maintain temperature
b _________________________________
maintain open airway
c _________________________________
What are the three “hurried”
cases in first aid?
bleeding
a _________________________________
breathing
b _________________________________
poisoning
c _________________________________
What is the treatment for
poisoning?
Call poison control center
_________________________________
1-800-222-1222
Do NOT hang up first!
What information do you give
when you call the EMS /911
(Emergency Medical Services)?
Who
are you?
_________________________________
What’s
your phone #?
_________________________________
What
happened?
_________________________________
What’s
being done?
_________________________________
Where
are you?
_________________________________
How
many victims?
_________________________________
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