Name Class _____ Date ______ Jorgenson 7th Grade The closer

Name _____________________ Class _____ Date ___________
Jorgenson 7 th Grade
1. The closer the crust is to a mid-ocean ridge, the younger the oceanic crust is.
2. The cold and rigid outermost rock layer is called the lithosphere. It is made up of the crust and
the solid, uppermost mantle.
3. Continents move apart or come together at speeds of a few centimeters per year.
4. A transform plate boundary forms where two plates slide past each other.
5. Convergent plate boundaries form where two plates collide.
6. Over time Pangaea began breaking apart, and the continents slowly moved to their present
7. The Caledonian mountain range in northern Europe and the Appalachian Mountains in eastern
North America are similar in age and structure. They are also composed of the same rock types.
8. Convection in the mantle is related to plate tectonic activity.
9. When two plates separate and create new oceanic crust, a divergent plate boundary
10. When an oceanic and a continental plate collide, they form a convergent plate boundary.
Name _____________________ Class _____ Date ___________
Jorgenson 7 th Grade
11. Continental drift was not widely accepted when it was first proposed because Wegener
needed additional evidence to help support his hypothesis.
12. Alternating magnetic stripes in ocean crust support seafloor spreading because the
stripes are identical on either side of a mid-ocean ridge
13. Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift was not accepted until the discovery of mid
ocean ridge.
14. Wegener proposed the hypothesis of continental drift, which suggested that continents
are in constant motion on the surface of Earth.
15. Iron-rich minerals in cooling lava align with Earth’s magnetic field. When Earth’s
magnetic field changes direction, minerals in fresh lava record a new magnetic
16. Glacial grooves in rocks in Africa suggest that this continent was once located in a much
colder place.
Explain what is occurring at a., b., and c.