The American Chemical Society defines biotechnology as the application of biological organisms, systems, or processes by various industries to learning about the science of life and the improvement of the value of materials and organisms such as pharmaceuticals, crops, and livestock. Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to improve plants, animals and microorganisms. Based on an understanding of DNA, scientists have developed solutions to increase agricultural productivity. What is FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY? Applying technology to change genes to make new species and a more marketable product. It is a controvercial practice over the long term effects on the environment or humans. Law Dictionary: What is FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY? definition of FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY (Black's Law Dictionary) Biotech Traits Many people would like to know exactly which genetically engineered foods are in the food supply. In the United States, the following foods may be found in the supermarket (as of January 2015). Note that refined oil and sugar do not contain DNA or protein, so even if the source plant was genetically engineered, these products are indistinguishable non-genetically engineered products. Herbicide tolerant alfalfa is fed to some dairy cattle. Herbicide tolerant canola is made into canola oil. Herbicide tolerant and/or insect resistant field corn is made into corn oil, fed to livestock, and used in many processed foods. Herbicide tolerant and/or insect resistant sweet corn is sold in small quantities. Herbicide tolerant and/or insect resistant cotton is made into clothing or various other cotton products as well as cottonseed oil. Virus resistant papaya is sold in Hawaii, with some of the fruits imported to mainland US. Virus resistant crookneck squash is sold in small quantities. Herbicide tolerant and/or insect resistant soybean is made into soybean oil and fed to livestock. A small amount of soybean has been engineered to have more nutritious oil. Soybean for tofu and other products for direct human consumption is generally not genetically engineered. Herbicide tolerant sugar beet is made into sugar and fed to livestock. Bt Bacillus thuringiensis CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CPB Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety DNA deoxyribonucleic acid ERA environmental risk assessment EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations GEF Global Environment Facility GM genetically modified GMM genetically modified microorganism GMO genetically modified organism IPR intellectual property right MLS multilateral system of facilitated access and benefit-sharing NGO nongovernmental organization OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PVP plant variety protection R&D research and development SPS Agreement Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures TRIPS Agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme WHO World Health Organization WTO World Trade Organization Websites that may help Organicconsumers.org Biofortified.org Greenfacts.org Monsanto.com Pioneer HiBred International (owned by Dupont) Syngenta Ag Dow Agriscience BASF Bayer Cropscience https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kE2OFfmrJRI Genetic Modification of Food https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAOHDDaTd6E Benefits of Food Biotechnology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b8EDEimG-DY Food Biotechnology: Get the Facts On your paper: List 10 new words you have heard or read and explain how the word is used. Do you think that Genetically Modified Foods are harmful to eat or safe to eat – explain your answer? Do you think it is safe to wear Genetically Modified Plants – explain your answer? Ask ten people outside of class if they eat Genetically Modified Foods. Answer for data collection, yes, no and I have no idea Find one area of Biotechnology to share with the class, pick a side, or show both sides; pick a company or organization to highlight; or come up with a better idea (just check with me first) This paper is also on line. Good luck The project is due on March 19th and 20th.