Civics Final 2015 (100 points) Directions: The final will consist of 50 of these questions. Each question will be worth 2 points. 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.) 6.) 7.) 8.) 9.) 10.) 11.) 12.) 13.) 14.) 15.) 16.) 17.) 18.) 19.) 20.) 21.) 22.) 23.) 24.) 25.) 26.) 27.) 28.) 29.) 30.) 31.) 32.) 33.) 34.) 35.) 36.) 37.) 38.) 39.) 40.) 41.) 42.) 43.) 44.) 45.) 46.) 47.) A __________________ is a written form of government The oldest living document in English history is _____________. Name two of the principles (rules) of the Magna Carta. The law-making body of England is called _________. What is the “right of petition”? The first written constitution in America was the _________. _________ did most of the work on the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence states that the ideas our government should be based on are ________. What are “grievances”? Which of the philosophers we studied influenced Jefferson the most when writing the Declaration? John Locke believed that natural rights included ________. The plan of government used before the Constitution went into effect was _________. Identify TWO successes of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation. Identify THREE weaknesses of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation. What was a consequence of the Articles forbidding Congress to tax people directly? Shays’ rebellion proved to the United States framers that _________. Which philosopher influenced the writers of the Constitution to include the ideas of “separation of powers” into three separate branches of government? At the Constitutional Convention, the plan of government that favored the large states was called __________. At the Constitutional Convention, the plan of government that favored the small states was called __________. The 3/5 Compromise stated that _____________ should count as 3/5 of a person for purposes of taxation and representation. To become the plan for government for the United States, the Constitution had to be ratified by _________. A federalist believes in a __________. The anti-federalists refused to sign the new Constitution until the ___________ had been added to protect the rights of the individual. The Preamble lists the __________. The Preamble’s first 3 words tell us that the authority of the Constitution comes from: To “provide for the common defense” means to _________. “Our posterity” is our _________. The main job of the legislative branch is to __________. How many members of Congress are there? A member of the House of Representatives must be a least _________ (age). A member of the Senate must be at least ______ (age) and ______(citizenship). A U.S. senator is elected for a term of __________. A U.S. representative is elected for a term of __________. To accuse an official of some wrongdoing or misuse of power is __________. Who has the power to print and coin money? The responsibility for impeaching someone lies with __________. The responsibility for trying an impeached official lies with __________. Who has the power to declare war? The necessary and proper clause, allowing Congress to stretch their enumerated powers, is also known as __________. A synonym for COMMERCE is __________. What is the difference between an enumerated power of Congress and an implied power? After a spending bill is introduced to the house and placed in the hopper, what is the next step? What percentage of votes is needed to pass a bill in the House or Senate? What percentage of Congressional votes is needed to override a veto? Who is the Speaker of the House? Who is the Majority Leader in the Senate? Who is the Secretary of State? Civics Final 2015 (100 points) Directions: The final will consist of 50 of these questions. Each question will be worth 2 points. 48.) 49.) 50.) 51.) 52.) 53.) 54.) 55.) 56.) 57.) 58.) 59.) 60.) 61.) 62.) 63.) 64.) 65.) 66.) 67.) 68.) 69.) 70.) 71.) 72.) 73.) 74.) 75.) 76.) 77.) 78.) 79.) 80.) 81.) 82.) 83.) 84.) 85.) 86.) 87.) 88.) 89.) 90.) 91.) 92.) 93.) 94.) The most important task of the executive branch is to: The president is elected by the __________. How long is one presidential term? What is presidential PARDON? What are the qualifications for vice-president? How many electoral votes does Pennsylvania have? How many electoral votes does a candidate need to be elected president? How many electoral votes exist in the United States? What happens if neither presidential candidate receives a majority of the Electoral College vote? Who selects the president? Who selects the vice-president? If the president and vice president are unable to assume power, who is next in line? Which cabinet member advises the President on military issues? When the president proposes a bail out plan to save the U.S. financial sector, he is acting in what role? When the president meets with the Prime Minister of England, he is acting as: In January, the president gives a ____________________ to the nation, outlining his goals for the year. What is the difference between a primary and a caucus? When is the general election held for president? The _______________________, is held on January 20th following the vote of the Electoral College. The most important task of the judicial branch is to __________. If a citizen is unhappy with the verdict in a state trial court, what can she/he do? How many members of the Supreme Court are there? What is the length of the term of office for justices of the U.S. Supreme Court? The Supreme Court’s power to declare a law unconstitutional is known as? What was the name of the court case that determined that the Supreme Court could review Federal Laws? What is the difference between civil and criminal cases? Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? Who appointed him/her? List the associate justices of the United States Supreme Court. Who has the power to settle disputes between different states? Which of the Supreme Court justices was appointed by President Obama? In a civil case, the _____ will begin the action of a law suit. What is the penalty or remedy is typically sought in a criminal case? An amendment to the Constitution can be proposed by either the __________. What fraction of states must approve an amendment to the Constitution? What rights are protected by the 1st Amendment? The 2nd Amendment protects the right to own _______. The 6th Amendment states that people are entitled to a ___________ and __________ trial. The 4th Amendment protects people and their property from ______. The 8th Amendment bans ____________ and _____________ punishment. An arrest warrant, issued by a judge, is needed to _______. The 5th Amendment states that if found innocent at trial, a person may NOT be __________. This is called _______. How did the court rule in New Jersey v. T.L.O.? How did the court rule in Tinker v. Des Moines.? When the government takes personal property for public use, it is exercising the power of ________. What is the date the president takes office? The 13th Amendment banned _________. The ___________ Amendment forces the states to apply all laws to all people equally. The 19th Amendment gave ____________ the right to vote. The 22nd Amendment limits a president to ____ terms.