Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2 The Amendment Process Constitutional Terms 1. amend – to change or modify to make better 2. joint resolution – both houses of Congress must pass and the Chief Executive must approve – used in temporary or unusual circumstances 3. due process – government must act in accordance with established rules Constitutional Terms Cont. 4. civil – ordinary community life as opposed to criminal proceedings 5. bail – money given to the court by a defendant as security 6. repeal – to remove by legislative act Main Ideas 1. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended? 2/3 of both houses of Congress can propose an amendment Special national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures. Main Ideas How are new amendments ratified? Approved by the legislatures of ¾ of the states. (38) Special ratifying conventions in ¾ of the states Main Ideas 2. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment? Religion, speech, assembly, press and the right to petition the government. Main Ideas 3. How was the amendment process used to improve the lives of former slaves after the Civil War? Passed the 13th, 14th & 15th Amendments These Amendments ended slavery, gave citizenship, constitutional rights to all men regardless of race, color etc. and allowed former slaves to vote THINK CRITICALLY If you had an opportunity to add an amendment to the Constitution, what would you propose? Why?