Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion

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EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 3: Damp Sands Herb-rich Woodland
Description:
A low, grassy or bracken-dominated eucalypt forest or open woodland to 15 m tall with a large shrub layer and ground layer
rich in herbs, grasses, and orchids. Occurs mainly on flat or undulating areas on moderately fertile, relatively well-drained, deep
sandy or loamy topsoils over heavier subsoils (duplex soils).
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm) #/ha
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus viminalis
Swamp Gum
Manna Gum
#Spp
1
3
3
12
7
1
10
2
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Bursaria spinosa
Acacia verticillata
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Leptospermum continentale
Pimelea humilis
Lissanthe strigosa ssp. subulata
Hibbertia riparia
Geranium solanderi
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Hydrocotyle foveolata
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Drosera whittakeri ssp. aberrans
Oxalis exilis
Viola cleistogamoides
Opercularia ovata
Austrostipa rudis ssp. nervosa
Juncus pallidus
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Lomandra filiformis ssp. coriacea
Austrodanthonia racemosa var. racemosa
Lomandra filiformis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
20%
15%
10%
15%
10%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Black Wattle
Sweet Bursaria
Prickly Moses
Tree Everlasting
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Rice-flower
Peach Heath
Erect Guinea-flower
Austral Cranesbill
Tall Sundew
Yellow Pennywort
Bidgee-widgee
Scented Sundew
Shady Wood-sorrel
Hidden Violet
Broad-leaf Stinkweed
Veined Spear-grass
Pale Rush
Grey Tussock-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Stiped Wallaby-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
EVC 3: Damp Sands Herb-rich Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Pinus radiata
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Hypochoeris radicata
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Juncus microcephalus
Briza maxima
Aira caryophyllea
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Radiata Pine
Hairy Hawkbit
Cat's Ear
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Tiny-headed Rush
Large Quaking-grass
Silvery Hair-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 7: Clay Heathland
Description:
Occurs on sites with impeded drainage, often on duplex soils. Dominated by heathy shrub species with or without an eucalypt
overstorey. The ground layer is dense and diverse with a variety of landforms.
+
woodland only components (ignore when assessing treeless areas and standardise final score as appropriate)
Large trees+:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
40 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover+:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus mannifera
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Red Stringybark
Brittle Gum
#Spp
9
6
3
2
8
4
1
7
2
na
na
%Cover
30%
10%
5%
1%
10%
10%
5%
10%
5%
10%
10%
75%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
S/C
EVC 7: Clay Heathland
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum continentale
Banksia marginata
Cassinia longifolia
Kunzea parvifolia
Pimelea humilis
Gompholobium huegelii
Dillwynia phyllicoides
Acrotriche serrulata
Bossiaea prostrata
Pultenaea procumbens
Boronia nana
Lagenophora gracilis
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Hypericum gramineum
Viola betonicifolia ssp. betonicifolia
Mitrasacme serpyllifolia
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Gahnia radula
Schoenus apogon
Poa sieberiana
Lepidosperma laterale
Themeda triandra
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Caustis flexuosa
Echinopogon ovatus
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Common Name
Common Heath
Prickly Tea-tree
Silver Banksia
Shiny Cassinia
Violet Kunzea
Common Rice-flower
Common Wedge-pea
Small-leaf Parrot-pea
Honey-pots
Creeping Bossiaea
Heathy Bush-pea
Dwarf Boronia
Slender Bottle-daisy
Common Raspwort
Small St John's Wort
Showy Violet
Thyme Mitrewort
Reed Bent-grass
Small Grass-tree
Thatch Saw-sedge
Common Bog-sedge
Grey Tussock-grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Kangaroo Grass
Weeping Grass
Curly Wig
Common Hedgehog-grass
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 16: Lowland Forest
Description:
Eucalypt forest to 25 m tall on relatively fertile, moderately well-drained soils in areas of relatively high rainfall. Characterised by
the diversity of life forms and species in the understorey including a range of shrubs, grasses and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Messmate Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
2
6
3
1
1
5
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
na
%Cover
5%
10%
20%
5%
5%
1%
10%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
5%
1%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 16: Lowland Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia dealbata
Goodenia ovata
Acacia verticillata
Pimelea axiflora
Olearia phlogopappa
Tetratheca ciliata
Lomatia ilicifolia
Hovea heterophylla
Rubus parvifolius
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Lagenophora stipitata
Stackhousia monogyna
Geranium potentilloides
Leptostigma reptans
Oxalis exilis
Asperula euryphylla var. euryphylla
Lomandra longifolia
Tetrarrhena juncea
Poa ensiformis
Dianella caerulea var. caerulea
Lepidosperma laterale
Poa tenera
Pteridium esculentum
Calochlaena dubia
Lindsaea linearis
Cassytha pubescens s.s.
Clematis aristata
Common Name
Hazel Pomaderris
Silver Wattle
Hop Goodenia
Prickly Moses
Bootlace Bush
Dusty Daisy-bush
Pink-bells
Holly Lomatia
Common Hovea
Small-leaf Bramble
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Bottle-daisy
Creamy Stackhousia
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Dwarf Nertera
Shady Wood-sorrel
Broad-leaf Woodruff
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Forest Wire-grass
Sword Tussock-grass
Paroo Lily
Variable Sword-sedge
Slender Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Common Ground-fern
Screw Fern
Downy Dodder-laurel
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 18: Riparian Forest
Description:
A forest to 30 m tall of river banks and associated alluvial terraces with occasional occurrences in the heads of gullies leading
into creeks and rivers. The soil is fertile alluvium, regularly inundated and permanently moist. Dominated by tall eucalypts, but
also has an open to sparse secondary tree layer of wattles and scattered dense patches of shrubs, ferns, grasses and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus viminalis
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Manna Gum
#Spp
4
7
1
2
10
3
4
1
3
2
5
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
20%
15%
1%
1%
15%
1%
5%
5%
5%
1%
25%
10%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 18: Riparian Forest
Highlands - Northern Fall Bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia dealbata
Coprosma quadrifida
Cassinia aculeata
Prostanthera lasianthos
Olearia phlogopappa
Mentha laxiflora
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Geranium potentilloides
Hydrocotyle hirta
Dichondra repens
Galium propinquum
Carex appressa
Poa labillardierei
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Poa tenera
Blechnum nudum
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Dicksonia antarctica
Cyathea australis
Clematis aristata
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Blackwood
Hazel Pomaderris
Silver Wattle
Prickly Currant-bush
Common Cassinia
Victorian Christmas-bush
Dusty Daisy-bush
Forest Mint
Ivy-leaf Violet
Bidgee-widgee
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Hairy Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Maori Bedstraw
Tall Sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Fishbone Water-fern
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Common Maidenhair
Soft Tree-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Common Name
Blackberry
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Invasive
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 19: Riparian Shrubland
Description:
Diverse, medium to tall shrubland to 8 m tall occurring on rocky substrates of major streams and banks and channels of rocky
creeks and along perennial streams in gorge tracts. Able to withstand frequent flooding or regenerate rapidly after such
disturbance and often forming dense thickets along the stream's edge during long periods without flooding. Trees may be
irregularly scattered throughout but tend to be restricted to the banks of the rivers and creeks. Sedges and rushes common to
riparian environments dominate the understorey as well as an array of herbs and grasses including many ephemeral species
which survive on the bare sands or in rock crevice.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Acacia melanoxylon
Leptospermum grandifolium
40%
Blackwood
Mountain Tea-tree
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
#Spp
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
MH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
%Cover
9
2
1
4
1
4
2
2
na
20%
5%
10%
5%
1%
10%
1%
5%
20%
65%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Coprosma quadrifida
Hedycarya angustifolia
Kunzea ericoides
Micrantheum hexandrum
Euchiton collinus s.l.
Carex appressa
Lepidosperma laterale
Poa ensiformis
Dianella tasmanica
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Calochlaena dubia
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Blechnum minus
Todea barbara
Dicksonia antarctica
Pandorea pandorana
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
high
high
Common N
Prickly Curran
Austral Mulber
Burgan
Box Micranthe
Clustered/Cree
Tall Sedge
Variable Sword
Sword Tussoc
Tasman Flax-l
Weeping Gras
Common Grou
Austral Bracke
Mother ShieldSoft Water-fer
Austral King-fe
Soft Tree-fern
Wonga Vine
EVC 19: Riparian Shrubland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 20: Heathy Dry Forest
Description:
Grows on shallow, rocky skeletal soils on a variety of geologies and on a range of landforms from gently undulating hills to
exposed aspects on ridge tops and steep slopes at a range of elevations. The overstorey is a low, open eucalypt forest, poor in
form to 20 m tall with an open crown cover. The understorey is dominated by a low, sparse to dense layer of ericoid-leaved
shrubs including heaths and peas. Graminoids and grasses are frequently present in the ground layer, but do not provide much
cover.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus mannifera ssp. mannifera
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Brittle Gum
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
1
8
4
2
2
5
1
6
1
1
na
na
%Cover
5%
5%
20%
10%
5%
1%
5%
5%
10%
1%
5%
10%
10%
70%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
LTG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 20: Heathy Dry Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Monotoca scoparia
Daviesia ulicifolia
Daviesia leptophylla
Persoonia confertiflora
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Dillwynia phylicoides
Tetratheca bauerifolia
Hovea heterophylla
Platylobium formosum
Persoonia chamaepeuce
Acrotriche serrulata
Senecio tenuiflorus
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Poranthera microphylla
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Lomandra longifolia
Joycea pallida
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Poa sieberiana
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Pteridium esculentum
Cassytha pubescens s.s.
Hardenbergia violacea
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Prickly Broom-heath
Gorse Bitter-pea
Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
Cluster-flower Geebung
Grey Guinea-flower
Small-leaf Parrot-pea
Heath Pink-bells
Common Hovea
Handsome Flat-pea
Dwarf Geebung
Honey-pots
Slender Fireweed
Common Raspwort
Small Poranthera
Ivy-leaf Violet
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Grass Trigger-plant
Grey Tussock-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Austral Bracken
Downy Dodder-laurel
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 20 years.
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 21: Shrubby Dry Forest
Description:
Occurs on a range of geologies on exposed aspects such as ridge-lines and medium to steep upper slopes, often in high rainfall
areas and on shallow infertile soils. The overstorey is a low, open forest to 25 m tall characterised by the diversity and
variability of the eucalypts. The understorey often lacks a secondary tree layer but contains a well-developed medium to low
shrub layer. The ground layer is often very sparse with tussock-forming graminoids being the dominant life form.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus mannifera ssp. mannifera
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Brittle Gum
#Spp
2
8
3
2
2
7
2
1
1
6
2
2
na
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
5%
5%
1%
5%
1%
1%
1%
10%
5%
1%
10%
10%
65%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 21: Shrubby Dry Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Cassinia aculeata
Daviesia latifolia
Daviesia ulicifolia
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Tetratheca ciliata
Hovea heterophylla
Olearia erubescens
Platylobium formosum
Persoonia chamaepeuce
Acrotriche serrulata
Senecio tenuiflorus
Senecio linearifolius
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Stellaria pungens
Asperula scoparia
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Lomandra longifolia
Joycea pallida
Poa sieberiana
Dianella tasmanica
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Hardenbergia violacea
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Cherry Ballart
Common Cassinia
Hop Bitter-pea
Gorse Bitter-pea
Prickly Bush-pea
Grey Guinea-flower
Pink-bells
Common Hovea
Moth Daisy-bush
Handsome Flat-pea
Dwarf Geebung
Honey-pots
Slender Fireweed
Fireweed Groundsel
Common Raspwort
Ivy-leaf Violet
Prickly Starwort
Prickly Woodruff
Stinking Pennywort
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Purple Coral-pea
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 20 years.
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 22: Grassy Dry Forest
Description:
Occurs on a variety of gradients and altitudes and on a range of geologies. The overstorey is dominated by a low to medium
height forest of eucalypts to 20 m tall, sometimes resembling an open woodland with a secondary, smaller tree layer including
a number of Acacia species. The understorey usually consists of a sparse shrub layer of medium height. Grassy Dry Forest is
characterised by a ground layer dominated by a high diversity of drought-tolerant grasses and herbs, often including a suite of
fern species.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Red Stringybark
Bundy
#Spp
1
4
3
2
4
12
3
2
8
2
2
2
na
na
%Cover
5%
5%
10%
5%
1%
5%
25%
5%
5%
20%
1%
5%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 22: Grassy Dry Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Cassinia aculeata
Cassinia longifolia
Pimelea linifolia
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Hovea heterophylla
Acrotriche serrulata
Platylobium formosum
Wahlenbergia stricta
Senecio tenuiflorus
Senecio quadridentatus
Epilobium billardierianum
Hypericum gramineum
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Poranthera microphylla
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Dichondra repens
Cymbonotus preissianus
Joycea pallida
Poa sieberiana
Lomandra filiformis
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Echinopogon ovatus
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia
Pteridium esculentum
Hardenbergia violacea
T
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Common Cassinia
Shiny Cassinia
Slender Rice-flower
Grey Guinea-flower
Common Hovea
Honey-pots
Handsome Flat-pea
Tall Bluebell
Slender Fireweed
Cotton Fireweed
Variable Willow-herb
Small St John's Wort
Common Raspwort
Small Poranthera
Stinking Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Austral Bear's-ear
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Common Hedgehog-grass
Green Rock-fern
Austral Bracken
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Anagallis arvensis
Trifolium arvense var. arvense
Briza minor
Vulpia bromoides
Holcus lanatus
Aira elegantissima
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Pimpernel
Hare's-foot Clover
Lesser Quaking-grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Yorkshire Fog
Delicate Hair-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 23: Herb-rich Foothill Forest
Description:
Occurs on relatively fertile, moderately well-drained soils on an extremely wide range of geological types and in areas of
moderate to high rainfall. Occupies easterly and southerly aspects mainly on lower slopes and in gullies. A medium to tall open
forest or woodland to 25 m tall with a small tree layer over a sparse to dense shrub layer. A high cover and diversity of herbs
and grasses in the ground layer characterise this EVC.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus obliqua
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
2
7
3
2
3
11
3
2
1
6
2
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
5%
5%
5%
20%
5%
5%
1%
10%
5%
10%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 23: Herb-rich Foothill Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Cassinia aculeata
Coprosma quadrifida
Coprosma hirtella
Epacris impressa
Tetratheca ciliata
Olearia erubescens
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Hovea heterophylla
Platylobium formosum
Acrotriche serrulata
Acrotriche prostrata
Senecio tenuiflorus
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Lagenophora stipitata
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Dichondra repens
Lomandra longifolia
Tetrarrhena juncea
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Poa sieberiana
Dianella tasmanica
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Clematis aristata
Glycine clandestina
Hardenbergia violacea
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
SC
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Common Cassinia
Prickly Currant-bush
Rough Coprosma
Common Heath
Pink-bells
Moth Daisy-bush
Grey Guinea-flower
Common Hovea
Handsome Flat-pea
Honey-pots
Trailing Ground-berry
Slender Fireweed
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Common Bottle-daisy
Stinking Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Forest Wire-grass
Grass Trigger-plant
Grey Tussock-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Woodrush
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Mountain Clematis
Twining Glycine
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
high
high
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 28: Rocky Outcrop Shrubland
Description:
Occurs in areas of low site quality on exposed rocky outcrops where rock is a dominant landform feature, soils are shallow or
virtually absent and effective rainfall is low. Scattered, often stunted trees are occasionally present. A diverse shrub layer to 5 m
tall characterises this EVC, including a number of rock-adapted species. The ground layer is usually sparse and species-poor
except where it occurs in discrete patches and forms a mosaic with Rocky Outcrop Herbland.
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
Character Species
Monotoca scoparia
Hovea pannosa s.l.
Brachyloma daphnoides
Persoonia confertiflora
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Dillwynia phylicoides
Rhytidosporum procumbens
Acacia gunnii
Platylobium formosum
Persoonia chamaepeuce
Senecio tenuiflorus
Derwentia perfoliata
Wahlenbergia multicaulis
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
Stellaria pungens
Helichrysum scorpioides
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Diuris sulphurea
Crassula sieberiana
Lomandra longifolia
Austrodanthonia induta
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Poa labillardierei
Joycea pallida
Lepidosperma laterale
Cheilanthes sieberi ssp. sieberi
Asplenium flabellifolium
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
#Spp
7
2
2
5
2
2
4
2
na
na
%Cover
25%
5%
5%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
20%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
GF
BL
S/C
75%
Common Name
Prickly Broom-heath
Mountain Beauty
Daphne Heath
Cluster-flower Geebung
Grey Guinea-flower
Small-leaf Parrot-pea
White Marianth
Ploughshare Wattle
Handsome Flat-pea
Dwarf Geebung
Slender Fireweed
Digger's Speedwell
Branching Bluebell
Clustered Everlasting
Prickly Starwort
Button Everlasting
Common Raspwort
Tiger Orchid
Sieber Crassula
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Shiny Wallaby-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Common Tussock-grass
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Narrow Rock-fern
Necklace Fern
EVC 28: Rocky Outcrop Shrubland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Vulpia myuros
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Rat's-tail Fescue
Invasive
high
high
Impact
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 29: Damp Forest
Description:
Grows on a wide range of geologies on well-developed generally colluvial soils on a variety of aspects, from sea level to
montane elevations. Dominated by a tall eucalypt tree layer to 30 m tall over a medium to tall dense shrub layer of broadleaved species typical of wet forest mixed with elements from dry forest types. The ground layer includes herbs and grasses as
well as a variety of moisture-dependent ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
90 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Messmate Stringybark
Small-leaved Peppermint
#Spp
5
6
2
8
2
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pomaderris aspera
Olearia argophylla
Acacia dealbata
Lomatia fraseri
Coprosma quadrifida
Cassinia aculeata
Pimelea axiflora
Olearia phlogopappa
Mentha laxiflora
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Geranium potentilloides
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hydrocotyle hirta
Dichondra repens
Leptinella filicula
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Calochlaena dubia
Cyathea australis
Dicksonia antarctica
Clematis aristata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
30%
15%
1%
15%
1%
1%
5%
5%
1%
15%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
Common Name
Hazel Pomaderris
Musk Daisy-bush
Silver Wattle
Tree Lomatia
Prickly Currant-bush
Common Cassinia
Bootlace Bush
Dusty Daisy-bush
Forest Mint
Ivy-leaf Violet
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Bidgee-widgee
Hairy Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Mountain Cotula
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Common Ground-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Soft Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
EVC 29: Damp Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 30: Wet Forest
Description:
Grows on fertile, well-drained loamy soils on a range of geologies and elevation levels. It is largely restricted to protected sites
in gullies and on southern aspects of hills and mountains where rainfall is high and cloud cover at ground level is frequent.
Characterised by a tall eucalypt overstorey to 30 m tall with scattered understorey trees over a tall broad-leaved shrubby
understorey and a moist, shaded, fern-rich ground layer that is usually dominated by tree-ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
90 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus regnans
Mountain Ash
#Spp
4
6
1
2
5
2
1
1
1
4
2
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Pomaderris aspera
Olearia argophylla
Coprosma quadrifida
Olearia phlogopappa
Cassinia aculeata
Correa lawrenceana
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Hydrocotyle hirta
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Geranium potentilloides
Leptostigma reptans
Lepidosperma elatius
Tetrarrhena juncea
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Histiopteris incisa
Blechnum wattsii
Dicksonia antarctica
Cyathea australis
Clematis aristata
Billardiera longiflora var. longiflora
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
30%
20%
1%
1%
10%
1%
1%
10%
5%
20%
10%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Hazel Pomaderris
Musk Daisy-bush
Prickly Currant-bush
Dusty Daisy-bush
Common Cassinia
Mountain Correa
Ivy-leaf Violet
Hairy Pennywort
White Elderberry
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Dwarf Nertera
Tall Sword-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Bat's Wing Fern
Hard Water-fern
Soft Tree-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Purple Apple-berry
EVC 30: Wet Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 31: Cool Temperate Rainforest
Description:
Closed non-eucalypt forest to 25 m tall. Occurs in high rainfall areas protected from fire within Wet Forest. The understorey
characterised by tree ferns and a rich epiphytic flora. The ground layer is dominated by a diversity of ground ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Nothofagus/Atherosperma
DBH(cm)
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Epiphyte
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
EP
EP
EP
EP
SC
SC
Common Name
Nothofagus cunninghamii
Atherosperma moschatum
Myrtle Beech
Southern Sassafras
#Spp
2
4
3
1
1
1
6
2
3
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pittosporum bicolor
Tasmannia lanceolata
Hedycarya angustifolia
Coprosma quadrifida
Prostanthera lasianthos
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Australina pusilla ssp. muelleri
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Hydrocotyle hirta
Carex appressa
Tetrarrhena juncea
Libertia pulchella
Uncinia tenella
Blechnum wattsii
Grammitis billardierei
Polystichum proliferum
Asplenium bulbiferum ssp. gracillimum
Dicksonia antarctica
Cyathea australis
Crepidomanes venosum
Microsorum pustulatum ssp. pustulatum
Hymenophyllum australe
Hymenophyllum flabellatum
Clematis aristata
Parsonsia brownii
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
1%
5%
1%
25%
25%
5%
1%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
TRF
EP
SC
BL
Common Name
Banyalla
Mountain Pepper
Austral Mulberry
Prickly Currant-bush
Victorian Christmas-bush
Ivy-leaf Violet
Shade Nettle
White Elderberry
Hairy Pennywort
Tall Sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Pretty Grass-flag
Delicate Hook-sedge
Hard Water-fern
Common Finger-fern
Mother Shield-fern
Mother Spleenwort
Soft Tree-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Veined Bristle-fern
Kangaroo Fern
Austral Filmy Fern
Shiny Filmy Fern
Mountain Clematis
Twining Silkpod
EVC 31: Cool Temperate Rainforest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 35: Tableland Damp Forest
Description:
Tall eucalypt forest to 30 m tall with an understorey dominated by a tall, diverse shrub layer of broad-leaved shrubs and heaths
with sometimes a scattering of tree-ferns. The ground layer is dominated by a variety of herbs and graminoids. Occurs on
topographically protected south-facing slopes and occasionally in gully heads on northern or western slopes in low relief
montane areas.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
90 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus delegatensis ssp. delegatensis
Alpine Ash
#Spp
3
7
2
2
8
2
1
1
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Acacia obliquinervia
Polyscias sambucifolia
Coprosma hirtella
Olearia phlogopappa
Cassinia aculeata
Leucopogon hookeri
Derwentia derwentiana
Senecio linearifolius
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Lagenophora stipitata
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Leptinella filicula
Dianella tasmanica
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Poa ensiformis
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
20%
20%
10%
5%
15%
15%
5%
1%
15%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Mountain Hickory Wattle
Elderberry Panax
Rough Coprosma
Dusty Daisy-bush
Common Cassinia
Mountain Beard-heath
Derwent Speedwell
Fireweed Groundsel
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Bottle-daisy
Bidgee-widgee
Common Raspwort
Mountain Cotula
Tasman Flax-lily
Grass Trigger-plant
Sword Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
EVC 35: Tableland Damp Forest
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 36: Montane Dry Woodland
Description:
Occurs on dry and exposed mid to upper slopes at montane elevations, often extending onto ridges in high rainfall areas.
Effective rainfall may be enhanced by cold air drainage, low cloud cover and in some cases, persistent snow cover. Open forest
to open woodland to 15 m tall, according to altitude, precipitation and frequency of fire. The shrubby understorey is an unusual
combination of species, which tolerate exposed montane conditions and species that enjoy the increased moisture available
from cloud and fog drip
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
50 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus rubida
Eucalyptus radiata
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Candlebark
Narrow-leaved Peppermint
#Spp
2
5
2
2
3
9
2
6
1
2
na
na
%Cover
5%
20%
20%
5%
5%
5%
15%
5%
15%
5%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
LTG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 36: Montane Dry Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Acacia obliquinervia
Coprosma hirtella
Polyscias sambucifolia
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Cassinia aculeata
Olearia erubescens
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Tetratheca ciliata
Platylobium formosum
Persoonia chamaepeuce
Acrotriche serrulata
Derwentia derwentiana
Senecio tenuiflorus
Wahlenbergia stricta
Arthropodium milleflorum s.l.
Stellaria pungens
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Asperula scoparia
Viola betonicifolia ssp. betonicifolia
Lomandra longifolia
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Dianella tasmanica
Poa sieberiana
Poa labillardierei
Luzula campestris spp. agg.
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Mountain Hickory Wattle
Rough Coprosma
Elderberry Panax
Prickly Bush-pea
Common Cassinia
Moth Daisy-bush
Grey Guinea-flower
Pink-bells
Handsome Flat-pea
Dwarf Geebung
Honey-pots
Derwent Speedwell
Slender Fireweed
Tall Bluebell
Pale Vanilla-lily
Prickly Starwort
Common Raspwort
Prickly Woodruff
Showy Violet
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Grass Trigger-plant
Tasman Flax-lily
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Tussock-grass
Field Woodrush
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 37: Montane Grassy Woodland
Description:
Occurs in montane elevations on moderately fertile soils on all aspects. An open eucalypt woodland to 10 m tall, sometimes
with a secondary tree layer. The understorey often consists of a sparse shrub layer which can be variable in height. The EVC is
characterised by its grassy ground cover together with a variety of other graminoids and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
50 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus pauciflora
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus rubida
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Snow Gum
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Candlebark
#Spp
1
6
3
2
4
15
3
2
7
1
1
na
na
%Cover
5%
5%
20%
10%
5%
10%
20%
10%
5%
20%
1%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
EVC 37: Montane Grassy Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Cassinia aculeata
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Pimelea linifolia
Brachyloma daphnoides
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Olearia erubescens
Leucopogon hookeri
Platylobium formosum
Acrotriche serrulata
Arthropodium milleflorum s.l.
Wahlenbergia stricta
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Viola betonicifolia ssp. betonicifolia
Stellaria pungens
Chiloglottis gunnii s.l.
Galium ciliare
Leptinella filicula
Lomandra longifolia
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Dianella tasmanica
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Themeda triandra
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Polystichum proliferum
Pteridium esculentum
Glycine clandestina
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Common Cassinia
Prickly Bush-pea
Slender Rice-flower
Daphne Heath
Grey Guinea-flower
Moth Daisy-bush
Mountain Beard-heath
Handsome Flat-pea
Honey-pots
Pale Vanilla-lily
Tall Bluebell
Common Raspwort
Showy Violet
Prickly Starwort
Common Bird-orchid
Hairy Bedstraw
Mountain Cotula
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Reed Bent-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Grass Trigger-plant
Kangaroo Grass
Common Woodrush
Mother Shield-fern
Austral Bracken
Twining Glycine
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Centaurium erythraea
Prunella vulgaris
Taraxacum officinale spp. agg.
Trifolium repens var. repens
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Common Centaury
Self-heal
Garden Dandelion
White Clover
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
low
low
low
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 38: Montane Damp Forest
Description:
Grows on a wide range of geologies on well-developed generally colluvial soils on a variety of aspects at montane elevations.
Dominated by a tall eucalypt tree layer to 30 m tall over a medium to tall dense shrub layer of broad-leaved species typical of
wet forest mixed with elements from dry forest types. The ground layer includes herbs and grasses as well as a variety of
moisture-dependent ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
90 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus delegatensis ssp. delegatensis
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus rubida
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Alpine Ash
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Candlebark
#Spp
3
7
2
1
4
12
2
1
6
1
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
15%
20%
1%
5%
5%
20%
5%
1%
20%
5%
15%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 38: Montane Damp Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Cassinia aculeata
Coprosma hirtella
Coprosma quadrifida
Polyscias sambucifolia
Olearia erubescens
Platylobium formosum
Derwentia derwentiana
Senecio linearifolius
Picris angustifolia
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Stellaria pungens
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Lagenophora stipitata
Chiloglottis gunnii s.l.
Leptinella filicula
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Lomandra longifolia
Dianella tasmanica
Poa ensiformis
Poa sieberiana
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Deyeuxia rodwayi
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Clematis aristata
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Common Cassinia
Rough Coprosma
Prickly Currant-bush
Elderberry Panax
Moth Daisy-bush
Handsome Flat-pea
Derwent Speedwell
Fireweed Groundsel
Native Picris
Ivy-leaf Violet
Prickly Starwort
Bidgee-widgee
Common Bottle-daisy
Common Bird-orchid
Mountain Cotula
Stinking Pennywort
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Tasman Flax-lily
Sword Tussock-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Grass Trigger-plant
Weeping Grass
Tasman Bent-grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous.
Organic Litter:
80 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
high
Impact
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 39: Montane Wet Forest
Description:
Grows on the most sheltered wet sites such as gully heads and south facing slopes at montane elevations in high rainfall areas.
Soils are deep, fertile, well-drained and structureless and although well-drained, may remain saturated for long periods. The
overstorey forms a tall open eucalypt forest to 30 m tall over a secondary tree layer with occasional tall shrubs which provide
shade and protection for a fern-rich ground layer. Scattered herbs occur in gaps in the ground layer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
90 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus regnans
Eucalyptus nitens
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Mountain Ash
Shining Gum
#Spp
5
5
2
6
1
1
2
3
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
30%
15%
1%
10%
1%
15%
5%
20%
5%
1%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 39: Montane Wet Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Lomatia fraseri
Cassinia aculeata
Polyscias sambucifolia
Olearia phlogopappa
Prostanthera lasianthos
Mentha laxiflora
Senecio velleioides
Stellaria flaccida
Hydrocotyle hirta
Geranium potentilloides
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Leptinella filicula
Oxalis exilis
Asperula euryphylla var. euryphylla
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dryopoa dives
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Poa ensiformis
Poa australis spp. agg.
Polystichum proliferum
Pteridium esculentum
Histiopteris incisa
Dicksonia antarctica
Cyathea australis
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Tree Lomatia
Common Cassinia
Elderberry Panax
Dusty Daisy-bush
Victorian Christmas-bush
Forest Mint
Forest Groundsel
Forest Starwort
Hairy Pennywort
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Ivy-leaf Violet
Mountain Cotula
Shady Wood-sorrel
Broad-leaf Woodruff
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Giant Mountain-grass
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Sword Tussock-grass
Tussock Grass
Mother Shield-fern
Austral Bracken
Bat's Wing Fern
Soft Tree-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 40: Montane Riparian Woodland
Description:
Associated with the peat-rich flats of perennial, meandering streams which flow through Montane Dry Woodland at montane
elevations. Characterised by a low open woodland to 10 m tall with a dense riparian shrub layer lining the smaller creeks but on
the larger streams may be largely non-treed. The ground layer contains a dense sward of grasses, herbs and sedges often
associated with creeks or river margins.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
60 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Common Name
Eucalyptus rubida
Eucalyptus camphora ssp. humeana
Eucalyptus stellulata
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Candlebark
Mountain Swamp-gum
Black Sallee
#Spp
1
3
3
4
12
4
3
1
6
3
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
10%
20%
10%
5%
1%
30%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
EVC 40: Montane Riparian Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum grandifolium
Baeckea gunniana
Leptospermum myrtifolium
Pimelea axiflora
Rubus parvifolius
Hovea heterophylla
Leucopogon hookeri
Epacris microphylla s.l.
Villarsia reniformis
Veronica gracilis
Senecio hispidulus
Asperula pusilla
Asperula gunnii
Geranium potentilloides
Dichondra repens
Ranunculus amphitrichus
r Gratiola nana
Scleranthus biflorus s.l.
Deyeuxia quadriseta
r Scirpus polystachyus
Juncus gregiflorus
Carex longebrachiata
Carex gaudichaudiana
Lachnagrostis filiformis
Lachnagrostis aemula s.l.
Carex blakei
Isolepis crassiuscula
Baumea gunnii
Baloskion australe
Luzula campestris spp. agg.
Polystichum proliferum
Blechnum minus
Typical Weed Species
Rosa rubiginosa
Cirsium vulgare
Rumex crispus
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Trifolium dubium
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Taraxacum officinale spp. agg.
Batrachium trichophyllum
Acetosella vulgaris
Trifolium repens var. repens
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Aira caryophyllea
Aira elegantissima
Common Name
Common Name
Mountain Tea-tree
Alpine Baeckea
Myrtle Tea-tree
Bootlace Bush
Small-leaf Bramble
Common Hovea
Mountain Beard-heath
Coral Heath
Running Marsh-flower
Slender Speedwell
Rough Fireweed
Alpine Woodruff
Mountain Woodruff
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Kidney-weed
Small River Buttercup
Matted Brooklime
Twin-flower Knawel
Reed Bent-grass
Large-head Club-sedge
Green Rush
Bergalia Tussock
Fen Sedge
Common Blown-grass
Leafy Blown-grass
Alpine Sedge
Alpine Club-sedge
Slender Twig-sedge
Mountain Cord-rush
Field Woodrush
Mother Shield-fern
Soft Water-fern
Sweet Briar
Spear Thistle
Curled Dock
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Suckling Clover
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Garden Dandelion
Water Fennel
Sheep Sorrel
White Clover
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Silvery Hair-grass
Delicate Hair-grass
Invasive
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 41: Montane Riparian Thicket
Description:
Closed shrubland to 8 m tall, often occurring as a narrow, linear strip along montane streams. The overstorey tree stratum is
usually absent (although emergents may occur), often occurring only as overhang from adjacent Montane Damp Forest.
Occurs in montane and sub-alpine areas, often within Montane Damp Forest along drainage lines, streams with gentle gradients
and in soaks at the heads of gullies on south-facing aspects. The waterlogged soils are colluviums or alluviums rich in organic
matter. The understorey consists of shade-tolerant shrubs and ferns. Sedges, grasses and herbs form a sparse but diverse
ground layer.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Common Name
Leptospermum grandifolium
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia dealbata
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Mountain Tea-tree
Blackwood
Silver Wattle
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
4
4
2
2
3
5
1
na
10%
5%
1%
5%
5%
35%
1%
20%
MS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
GF
TRF
BL
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Coprosma quadrifida
Tasmannia lanceolata
Prostanthera lasianthos
Epacris breviflora
Epilobium gunnianum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Hydrocotyle hirta
Gratiola peruviana
Australina pusilla ssp. muelleri
Leptinella filicula
Carex appressa
Deyeuxia brachyathera
Dianella tasmanica
Poa labillardierei var. labillardierei
Blechnum nudum
Polystichum proliferum
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum wattsii
Todea barbara
Clematis aristata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
75%
Common Name
Prickly Currant-bush
Mountain Pepper
Victorian Christmas-bush
Drumstick Heath
Gunn's Willow-herb
Ivy-leaf Violet
Hairy Pennywort
Austral Brooklime
Shade Nettle
Mountain Cotula
Tall Sedge
Short Bent-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Tussock-grass
Fishbone Water-fern
Mother Shield-fern
Austral Bracken
Hard Water-fern
Austral King-fern
Mountain Clematis
EVC 41: Montane Riparian Thicket
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Prunella vulgaris
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Self-heal
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 43: Sub-alpine Woodland
Description:
Grows on a wide range of geologies and aspects, in the higher altitudinal levels above 1200 m. Rainfall is relatively high and
snow may persist for long periods over winter. Soils are generally skeletal sandy clay loams with a rich humus topsoil layer. A
low, open woodland to 10 m tall dominated by Snow Gum Eucalyptus pauciflora, with the understorey variously consisting of a
rich suite of grasses and herbs, or a dense layer of woody shrubs, depending on soil fertility.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
40 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus pauciflora
Eucalyptus pauciflora ssp. niphophila
Snow Gum
Alpine Sally
#Spp
1
4
1
2
10
1
2
4
1
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Coprosma hirtella
Lomatia myricoides
Polyscias sambucifolia
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Platylobium formosum
Lobelia gibbosa s.s.
Derwentia derwentiana
Lagenophora stipitata
Viola betonicifolia ssp. betonicifolia
Stellaria pungens
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Gonocarpus montanus
Leptinella filicula
Lomandra longifolia ssp. exilis
Deyeuxia frigida
Poa sieberiana
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Poa hothamensis var. hothamensis
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Pteridium esculentum
Clematis aristata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
20%
1%
5%
20%
5%
1%
20%
5%
1%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Rough Coprosma
River Lomatia
Elderberry Panax
Prickly Bush-pea
Handsome Flat-pea
Tall Lobelia
Derwent Speedwell
Common Bottle-daisy
Showy Violet
Prickly Starwort
Bidgee-widgee
Mat Raspwort
Mountain Cotula
Cluster-headed Mat-rush
Forest Bent-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Woodrush
Ledge Grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Mountain Clematis
EVC 43: Sub-alpine Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
Sweet Vernal-grass
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 45: Shrubby Foothill Forest
Description:
Occurs on ridges and exposed slopes in association moister forests on moderately fertile soils and at a range of elevations. The
overstorey is a medium eucalypt forest to 25 m tall over an understorey characterised by a distinctive middle strata dominated
by a diversity of narrow-leaved shrubs and a paucity of ferns, graminoids and herbs in the ground stratum.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata ssp. radiata
Red Stringybark
Swamp Gum
Messmate Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
5
1
2
8
1
1
1
2
3
2
na
5%
5%
20%
5%
5%
15%
1%
15%
10%
10%
15%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum scoparium
Coprosma quadrifida
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Epacris impressa
Tetratheca ciliata
Acrotriche serrulata
Acrotriche prostrata
Oxalis perennans
Hydrocotyle hirta
Viola hederacea sensu Entwisle (1996)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Gahnia sieberiana
Tetrarrhena juncea
Poa ensiformis
Poa tenera
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Calochlaena dubia
Blechnum nudum
Clematis aristata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Manuka
Prickly Currant-bush
Prickly Bush-pea
Common Heath
Pink-bells
Honey-pots
Trailing Ground-berry
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Hairy Pennywort
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Sword Tussock-grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Common Ground-fern
Fishbone Water-fern
Mountain Clematis
EVC 45: Shrubby Foothill Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
SS
Typical Weed Species
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 47: Valley Grassy Forest
Description:
Valley Grassy Forest occurs under moderate rainfall regimes of 700-800 mm per annum on fertile well-drained colluvial or
alluvial soils on gently undulating lower slopes and valley floors. Open forest to 25 m tall may carry a variety of eucalypts,
usually species which prefer more moist or more fertile conditions over a sparse shrub cover. In season, a rich array of herbs,
lilies, grasses and sedges dominate the ground layer but at the drier end of the spectrum the ground layer may be sparse and
slightly less diverse, but with the moisture-loving species still remaining.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm) #/ha
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Common Name
Eucalyptus rubida
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus melliodora
Eucalyptus obliqua
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Candlebark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Yellow Box
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
2
6
5
3
3
16
4
3
12
3
1
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
5%
1%
20%
5%
5%
25%
10%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 47: Valley Grassy Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Acacia melanoxylon
Cassinia aculeata
Coprosma quadrifida
Leptospermum continentale
Hovea heterophylla
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Tetratheca pilosa
Tetratheca ciliata
Acrotriche serrulata
Platylobium formosum
Acrotriche prostrata
Boronia nana var. hyssopifolia
Senecio quadridentatus
Senecio tenuiflorus
Ajuga australis
Euchiton collinus s.s.
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Dichondra repens
Desmodium gunnii
Galium propinquum
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Lomandra longifolia ssp. exilis
Poa labillardierei
Themeda triandra
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Echinopogon ovatus
Pteridium esculentum
Glycine clandestina
Hardenbergia violacea
Typical Weed Species
Rosa rubiginosa
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Hypericum perforatum
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Anagallis arvensis
Trifolium dubium
Holcus lanatus
Briza minor
Vulpia bromoides
Aira elegantissima
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Blackwood
Common Cassinia
Prickly Currant-bush
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Hovea
Grey Guinea-flower
Hairy Pink-bells
Pink-bells
Honey-pots
Handsome Flat-pea
Trailing Ground-berry
Dwarf Boronia
Cotton Fireweed
Slender Fireweed
Austral Bugle
Creeping Cudweed
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Stinking Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Southern Tick-trefoil
Maori Bedstraw
Reed Bent-grass
Cluster-headed Mat-rush
Common Tussock-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Woodrush
Grass Trigger-plant
Weeping Grass
Common Hedgehog-grass
Austral Bracken
Twining Glycine
Purple Coral-pea
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Sweet Briar
Blackberry
St John's Wort
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Pimpernel
Suckling Clover
Yorkshire Fog
Lesser Quaking-grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Delicate Hair-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 48: Heathy Woodland
Description:
Spans a variety of geologies but is generally associated with nutrient-poor soils including deep uniform sands (aeolian or
outwash) and Tertiary sand/clay which has been altered to form quartzite gravel. Eucalypt-dominated low woodland to 10 m
tall lacking a secondary tree layer and generally supporting a diverse array of narrow or ericoid-leaved shrubs except where
frequent fire has reduced this to a dense cover of bracken. Geophytes and annuals can be quite common but the ground cover
is normally fairly sparse.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Broad-leaved Peppermint
#Spp
7
6
1
4
2
1
4
1
na
na
%Cover
5%
40%
20%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
MS
SS
PS
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
BL
S/C
EVC 48: Heathy Woodland
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Monotoca scoparia
Epacris impressa
Banksia marginata
Leucopogon virgatus
Hovea heterophylla
Dillwynia sericea s.l.
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Hydrocotyle hirta
Lomandra longifolia
Tetrarrhena juncea
Poa sieberiana
Pteridium esculentum
Cassytha glabella
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
SC
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Prickly Broom-heath
Common Heath
Silver Banksia
Common Beard-heath
Common Hovea
Showy Parrot-pea
Common Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Hairy Pennywort
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Forest Wire-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Slender Dodder-laurel
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 20 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Briza maxima
Common Name
Large Quaking-grass
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 55: Plains Grassy Woodland
Description:
An open, eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall. Occupies on well drained, fertile soils on flat or gently undulating plains at low
elevations in areas with >600 mm annual rainfall. The understorey consists of a few sparse shrubs over a species-rich grassy
and herbaceous ground layer characterised by summer-growing grasses.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus melliodora
River Red Gum
Yellow Box
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
3
2
1
3
8
3
2
12
2
na
na
5%
5%
10%
1%
1%
5%
15%
5%
5%
45%
5%
10%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
S/C
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia pycnantha
Acacia paradoxa
Acacia acinacea s.l.
Bursaria spinosa
Pimelea humilis
Astroloma humifusum
Bossiaea prostrata
Oxalis perennans
Chrysocephalum apiculatum s.l.
Acaena echinata
Eryngium ovinum
Dichondra repens
Austrostipa spp.
Themeda triandra
Elymus scaber var. scaber
Austrodanthonia setacea
Austrodanthonia racemosa var. racemosa
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Golden Wattle
Hedge Wattle
Gold-dust Wattle
Sweet Bursaria
Common Rice-flower
Cranberry Heath
Creeping Bossiaea
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Common Everlasting
Sheep's Burr
Blue Devil
Kidney-weed
Spear-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Common Wheat-grass
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Stiped Wallaby-grass
Weeping Grass
EVC 55: Plains Grassy Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Lycium ferocissimum
Cirsium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Holcus lanatus
Vulpia bromoides
Romulea rosea
Briza minor
Briza maxima
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
African Box-thorn
Spear Thistle
Common Sow-thistle
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Yorkshire Fog
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Onion Grass
Lesser Quaking-grass
Large Quaking-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 56: Floodplain Riparian Woodland
Description:
An open woodland to 20 m tall usually dominated by Red Gum Eucalyptus spp. over a medium to tall shrub layer with a ground
layer consisting of amphibious and aquatic herbs and sedges. Occurs along the banks and floodplains of the larger meandering
rivers and major creeks, often in conjunction with one or more floodplain wetland communities. Elevation and rainfall are
relatively low and soils are fertile alluviums subject to periodic flooding and inundation.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
80 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
EP
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
15%
River Red-gum
#Spp
2
6
1
4
4
1
3
2
3
3
1
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Hymenanthera dentata s.l.
Cassinia aculeata
Kunzea ericoides
Rubus parvifolius
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Carex appressa
Poa labillardierei
Phragmites australis
Juncus amabilis
Cyperus lhotskyanus
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Distichlis distichophylla
Pteridium esculentum
Muellerina eucalyptoides
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 10 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
1%
10%
10%
1%
10%
10%
10%
10%
5%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Tree Violet
Common Cassinia
Burgan
Small-leaf Bramble
Bidgee-widgee
Stinking Pennywort
Tall Sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Common Reed
Hollow Rush
Creeping Flat-sedge
Weeping Grass
Australian Salt-grass
Austral Bracken
Creeping Mistletoe
EVC 56: Floodplain Riparian Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
SC
Pinus radiata
Crataegus monogyna
Rosa rubiginosa
Ulex europaeus
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Foeniculum vulgare
Verbena bonariensis s.l.
Cirsium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Plantago lanceolata
Rumex crispus
Sonchus asper s.l.
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Silybum marianum
Rorippa palustris
Hypochoeris radicata
Acetosella vulgaris
Trifolium dubium
Trifolium subterraneum
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Prunella vulgaris
Anagallis arvensis
Trifolium repens var. repens
Polygonum aviculare s.l.
Callitriche stagnalis
Phalaris aquatica
Holcus lanatus
Lolium multiflorum
Cyperus eragrostis
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Lolium perenne
Vulpia bromoides
Critesion murinum
Poa annua
Bromus diandrus
Bromus catharticus
Dactylis glomerata
Paspalum distichum
Galium aparine
Vicia sativa
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Radiata Pine
Hawthorn
Sweet Briar
Gorse
Blackberry
Fennel
Purple-top Verbena
Spear Thistle
Common Sow-thistle
Ribwort
Curled Dock
Rough Sow-thistle
Black Nightshade
Variegated Thistle
Marsh Yellow-cress
Cat's Ear
Sheep Sorrel
Suckling Clover
Subterranean Clover
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Self-heal
Pimpernel
White Clover
Prostrate Knotweed
Common Starwort
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Yorkshire Fog
Italian Rye-grass
Drain Flat-sedge
Soft Brome
Perennial Rye-grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Barley-grass
Annual Meadow-grass
Great Brome
Prairie Grass
Cocksfoot
Water Couch
Cleavers
Common Vetch
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 59: Riparian Thicket
Description:
Dense thickets of Woolly Tea-tree Leptospermum lanigerum to 6 m tall with occasional emergent eucalypts that occur on broad
beds of small streams or on regular flooded terraces of large streams and rivers. Ground layer is dominated by a number of
ferns, tree-ferns and sedges.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Leptospermum lanigerum
Woolly Tea-tree
#Spp
8
3
1
2
5
1
3
2
2
3
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epacris impressa
Cassinia aculeata
Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius
Kunzea ericoides
Dampiera stricta
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Acacia brownii
Acrotriche prostrata
Senecio minimus
Epilobium pallidiflorum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Cyperus lucidus
Carex appressa
Tetrarrhena juncea
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Lepidosperma filiforme
Poa tenera
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Baumea tetragona
Gleichenia dicarpa
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum minus
Cyathea australis
Billardiera scandens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
30%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
5%
5%
15%
10%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
Common Name
Common Heath
Common Cassinia
Rosemary Everlasting
Burgan
Blue Dampiera
Broom Spurge
Heath Wattle
Trailing Ground-berry
Shrubby Fireweed
Showy Willow-herb
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Leafy Flat-sedge
Tall Sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Common Rapier-sedge
Slender Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Square Twig-sedge
Pouched Coral-fern
Austral Bracken
Soft Water-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Common Apple-berry
EVC 59: Riparian Thicket
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
Salix cinerea
Pinus radiata
Prunus cerasifera
Cotoneaster pannosus
Erica lusitanica
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Lotus suaveolens
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Callitriche stagnalis
Holcus lanatus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Grey Sallow
Radiata Pine
Cherry Plum
Velvet Cotoneaster
Spanish Heath
Blackberry
Black Nightshade
Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Common Starwort
Yorkshire Fog
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 68: Creekline Grassy Woodland
Description:
Eucalypt-dominated woodland to 15 m tall with occasional scattered shrub layer over a mostly grassy/sedgy to herbaceous
ground-layer. Occurs on low-gradient ephemeral to intermittent drainage lines, typically on fertile colluvial/alluvial soils, on a
wide range of suitably fertile geological substrates. These minor drainage lines can include a range of graminoid and
herbaceous species tolerant of waterlogged soils, and are presumed to have sometimes resembled a linear wetland or system
of interconnected small ponds.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
80 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understroey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
River Red-gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
4
3
2
9
3
3
1
15
3
na
5%
5%
10%
5%
5%
15%
5%
15%
5%
30%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
EVC 68: Creekline Grassy Woodland – Highlands Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Acacia dealbata
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia pycnantha
Melaleuca parvistaminea
Acacia retinodes var. retinodes
Pimelea humilis
Astroloma humifusum
Senecio tenuiflorus
Senecio quadridentatus
Centipeda cunninghamii
Hypericum gramineum
Dichondra repens
Poa labillardierei
Carex appressa
Phragmites australis
Elymus scaber var. scaber
Juncus spp.
Cyperus spp.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Silver Wattle
Blackwood
Golden Wattle
Rough-barked Haoney-myrtle
Wilrilda
Common Rice-flower
Cranberry Heath
Slender Fireweed
Cottony Fireweed
Common Sneezeweed
Small St John's Wort
Kidneyweed
Common Tussock-grass
Tall Sedge
Common Reed
Common Wheat-grass
Rush
Flat-sedge
Weeping Grass
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Hypochoeris glabra
Galium murale
Oxalis pes-caprae
Juncus acutus
Phalaris aquatica
Briza maxima
Briza minor
Romulea rosea
Vulpia bromoides
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Aira elegantissima
Vulpia muralis
Bromus madritensis
Common Name
Spear Thistle
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
Smooth Cat's-ear
Small Goosegrass
Soursob
Spiny Rush
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Lesser Quaking-grass
Onion Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Soft Brome
Delicate Hair-grass
Wall Fescue
Madrid Brome
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 72: Granitic Hills Woodland
Description:
Mainly restricted to granite rocky outcrops and structurally consists of a low woodland to 10 m high with the dominant trees
often being stunted.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Eucalyptus nortonii
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l.
15%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Silver Bundy
Red Stringybark
Bundy
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
4
3
2
11
4
3
1
na
5%
5%
20%
20%
5%
20%
5%
5%
1%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Allocasuarina verticillata
Calytrix tetragona
Cassinia longifolia
R r Grevillea jephcottii
Acacia verniciflua
Micromyrtus ciliata
Tetratheca ciliata
Dillwynia sericea s.l.
Stackhousia viminea
Derwentia perfoliata
Euchiton collinus s.s.
Drosera peltata
Daucus glochidiatus
Gonocarpus elatus
Dichelachne sieberiana
r Poa sieberiana var. cyanophylla
Juncus bufonius
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Cheilanthes sieberi ssp. sieberi
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
70%
Common Name
Drooping Sheoak
Common Fringe-myrtle
Shiny Cassinia
Green Grevillea
Varnish Wattle
Heath-myrtle
Pink-bells
Showy Parrot-pea
Slender Stackhousia
Digger's Speedwell
Creeping Cudweed
Pale Sundew
Australian Carrot
Tall Raspwort
Rough Plume-grass
Blue-leaf Tussock-grass
Toad Rush
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Narrow Rock-fern
EVC 72: Granitic Hills Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
MH
MNG
Und
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Aira spp.
Vulpia spp.
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Hair Grass
Fescue
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 82: Riverine Escarpment Scrub
Description:
Shrubland to 10 m tall with occasional emergent eucalypts. Occurs on shallow colluvial soils along rocky cliffs and slopes
associated with rivers and creeks and may extend onto alluvial terraces. Characterised by a dense medium to tall shrub layer
over a ground layer which can range from low to high diversity and consist of a variety of graminoids and herbs. Ferns can
often be a major component of the ground stratum.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
Common Name
Acacia melanoxylon
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia dealbata
Blackwood
Hazel Pomaderris
Silver Wattle
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
8
1
2
2
12
3
4
3
2
3
1
na
5%
30%
1%
1%
5%
20%
5%
15%
10%
5%
10%
5%
10%
IT
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Coprosma quadrifida
Lomatia myricoides
Leptospermum brevipes
Kunzea ericoides
Leucopogon hookeri
Platylobium formosum
Acrotriche serrulata
Epilobium billardierianum ssp. hydrophilum
Senecio tenuiflorus
Ajuga australis
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Lagenophora stipitata
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Dichondra repens
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Cyperus lucidus
Carex appressa
Lomandra longifolia
Poa labillardierei var. labillardierei
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Dianella tasmanica
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Blechnum nudum
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Prickly Currant-bush
River Lomatia
Slender Tea-tree
Burgan
Mountain Beard-heath
Handsome Flat-pea
Honey-pots
Robust Willow-herb
Slender Fireweed
Austral Bugle
Bidgee-widgee
Common Bottle-daisy
Ivy-leaf Violet
Kidney-weed
Stinking Pennywort
Leafy Flat-sedge
Tall Sedge
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Common Tussock-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Common Maidenhair
Fishbone Water-fern
EVC 82: Riverine Escarpment Scrub
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha. (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
LNG
Typical Weed Species
Rosa rubiginosa
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Prunella vulgaris
Holcus lanatus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Sweet Briar
Blackberry
Blackberry
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Self-heal
Yorkshire Fog
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 83: Swampy Riparian Woodland
Description:
Woodland to 15 m tall generally occupying low energy streams of the foothills and plains. The lower strata are variously locally
dominated by a range of large and medium shrub species on the stream levees in combination with large tussock grasses and
sedges in the ground layer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
10 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus camphora ssp. humeana
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Mountain Swamp-gum
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
5
1
3
8
4
5
2
3
3
4
1
na
5%
15%
10%
1%
5%
15%
5%
30%
5%
5%
5%
10%
1%
20%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 83: Swampy Riparian Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia dealbata
Coprosma quadrifida
Leptospermum continentale
Epacris breviflora
Rubus parvifolius
Mentha laxiflora
Epilobium gunnianum
Urtica incisa
Senecio minimus
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Geranium potentilloides
Asperula scoparia
Hydrocotyle hirta
Dichondra repens
Hypericum japonicum
Gonocarpus micranthus ssp. micranthus
Hydrocotyle tripartita
Cyperus lucidus
Carex appressa
Gahnia sieberiana
Poa labillardierei
Phragmites australis
Poa ensiformis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Eleocharis gracilis
Echinopogon ovatus
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum nudum
Polystichum proliferum
Blechnum minus
Dicksonia antarctica
Common Name
Blackwood
Silver Wattle
Prickly Currant-bush
Prickly Tea-tree
Drumstick Heath
Small-leaf Bramble
Forest Mint
Gunn's Willow-herb
Scrub Nettle
Shrubby Fireweed
Bidgee-widgee
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Prickly Woodruff
Hairy Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Matted St John's Wort
Creeping Raspwort
Slender Pennywort
Leafy Flat-sedge
Tall Sedge
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Common Reed
Sword Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Slender Spike-sedge
Common Hedgehog-grass
Austral Bracken
Fishbone Water-fern
Mother Shield-fern
Soft Water-fern
Soft Tree-fern
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Mimulus moschatus
Lotus corniculatus
Trifolium repens var. repens
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Musk Monkey-flower
Bird's-foot Trefoil
White Clover
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 127: Valley Heathy Forest
Description:
A low, open forest to 15 m tall with a sedgy/grassy understorey with a component of small ericoid shrubs and grass-trees. Soil
and moisture factors are critical in delimiting the vegetation.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus melliodora
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l.
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Yellow Box
Bundy
Red Stringybark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
7
5
2
6
3
3
2
6
1
1
3
na
5%
10%
15%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
20%
15%
1%
1%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 127: Valley Heathy Forest
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Epacris impressa
Cassinia aculeata
Daviesia leptophylla
Cassinia arcuata
Platylobium obtusangulum
Dillwynia cinerascens s.l.
Hovea heterophylla
Pimelea humilis
Acrotriche serrulata
Bossiaea prostrata
Leptorhynchos tenuifolius
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Helichrysum scorpioides
Opercularia varia
Drosera whittakeri ssp. aberrans
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Joycea pallida
Poa morrisii
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Lindsaea linearis
Billardiera scandens
Hardenbergia violacea
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Cherry Ballart
Common Heath
Common Cassinia
Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
Drooping Cassinia
Common Flat-pea
Grey Parrot-pea
Common Hovea
Common Rice-flower
Honey-pots
Creeping Bossiaea
Wiry Buttons
Common Raspwort
Button Everlasting
Variable Stinkweed
Scented Sundew
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Small Grass-tree
Reed Bent-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Soft Tussock-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Screw Fern
Common Apple-berry
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
MS
LH
MH
MTG
MTG
Pinus radiata
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Briza maxima
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Radiata Pine
Blackberry
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Large Quaking-grass
Sweet Vernal-grass
Invasive
low
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 169: Dry Valley Forest
Description:
Open eucalypt forest to 20 m tall occurring along minor gullies, ephemeral streams and river flats. The overstorey may contain
a range of eucalypts typical of drier environments over an understorey of scattered shrubs and a notably mossy herb-rich
groundcover.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Common Name
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus cypellocarpa
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Red Stringybark
Mountain Grey-gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
4
9
3
1
4
11
3
3
4
1
3
1
2
na
5%
15%
30%
10%
1%
5%
15%
5%
5%
15%
1%
10%
5%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 169: Dry Valley Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Olearia argophylla
Acacia dealbata
Pimelea axiflora
Olearia phlogopappa
Coprosma quadrifida
Goodia lotifolia
Tetratheca pilosa
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Olearia megalophylla
Stypandra glauca
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
Stellaria pungens
Hydrocotyle hirta
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Leptinella filicula
Chiloglottis gunnii s.l.
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia sieberiana
Deyeuxia frigida
Poa australis spp. agg.
Libertia pulchella
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Blechnum wattsii
Polystichum proliferum
Hardenbergia violacea
Musk Daisy-bush
Silver Wattle
Bootlace Bush
Dusty Daisy-bush
Prickly Currant-bush
Golden Tip
Hairy Pink-bells
Grey Guinea-flower
Large-leaf Daisy-bush
Nodding Blue-lily
Clustered Everlasting
Prickly Starwort
Hairy Pennywort
Common Raspwort
Mountain Cotula
Common Bird-orchid
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Forest Bent-grass
Tussock Grass
Pretty Grass-flag
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Hard Water-fern
Mother Shield-fern
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Hypochoeris radicata
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Cat's Ear
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 175: Grassy Woodland
Description:
A variable open eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall over a diverse ground layer of grasses and herbs. The shrub component is
usually sparse. It occurs on sites with moderate fertility on gentle slopes or undulating hills on a range of geologies.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
Allocasuarina spp.
DBH(cm)
70 cm
40 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus dives
Eucalyptus rubida
Eucalyptus mannifera ssp. mannifera
Allocasuarina verticillata
Broad-leaved Peppermint
Candlebark
Brittle Gum
Drooping Sheoak
#Spp
1
3
1
5
4
2
8
1
2
1
na
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Pomaderris velutina
Brachyloma daphnoides
Platylobium formosum
Derwentia perfoliata
Senecio quadridentatus
Wahlenbergia gracilis s.l.
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
Geranium solanderi s.l.
Crassula sieberiana ssp. sieberiana
Stellaria pungens
Daucus glochidiatus
Crassula sieberiana
Lomandra longifolia
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Lepidosperma laterale var. laterale
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Cheilanthes sieberi ssp. sieberi
Asplenium flabellifolium
Hardenbergia violacea
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
20%
1%
10%
10%
1%
30%
1%
1%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Prickly Bush-pea
Velvet Pomaderris
Daphne Heath
Handsome Flat-pea
Digger's Speedwell
Cotton Fireweed
Sprawling Bluebell
Clustered Everlasting
Austral Cranesbill
Sieber Crassula
Prickly Starwort
Australian Carrot
Sieber Crassula
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Black-anther Flax-lily
Common Woodrush
Variable Sword-sedge
Grey Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Narrow Rock-fern
Necklace Fern
Purple Coral-pea
EVC 175: Grassy Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Verbascum virgatum
Hypochoeris radicata
Acetosella vulgaris
Centaurium erythraea
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Twiggy Mullein
Cat's Ear
Sheep Sorrel
Common Centaury
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 185: Perched Boggy Shrubland
Description:
Dense shrubland to 3 m tall over a ground layer of herbs, sedges and often abundant Sphagnum moss occupying valleys on
granitic massif plateaus at 400-600 m asl in areas with more than 900 mm annual rainfall. It occurs on all aspects of very
gentle slopes above drainage lines or across hillsides between drainage lines. Soils are extremely saturated sandy clay, which
may be associated with an impermeable clay layer or an hydrological phenomenon creating a soak or spring effect.
Life forms:
Life form
#Spp
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
6
2
6
2
4
1
3
2
2
na
%Cover
50%
1%
10%
5%
10%
5%
10%
5%
10%
30%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Acacia pravissima
Baeckea utilis s.s.
Goodenia ovata
Acrotriche prostrata
Senecio quadridentatus
Lobelia anceps
Centella cordifolia
Hydrocotyle hirta
Gonocarpus micranthus ssp. micranthus
Gahnia sieberiana
Lomandra longifolia
Juncus procerus
Tetrarrhena juncea
Juncus pauciflorus
Luzula meridionalis
Poa australis spp. agg.
Lepidosperma laterale
Poa tenera
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Calochlaena dubia
LF code
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Ovens Wattle
Mountain Baeckea
Hop Goodenia
Trailing Ground-berry
Cotton Fireweed
Angled Lobelia
Centella
Hairy Pennywort
Creeping Raspwort
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Tall Rush
Forest Wire-grass
Loose-flower Rush
Common Woodrush
Tussock Grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Slender Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Common Ground-fern
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code
SS
LH
Typical Weed Species
Rubus ulmifolius
Sonchus oleraceus
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
Common Sow-thistle
high
high
high
low
EVC 185: Perched Boggy Shrubland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 191: Riparian Scrub
Description:
A dense shrubland to 6 m tall growing on waterlogged substrates often with a peaty surface horizon. Emergent eucalypts may
be occasionally present. The understorey typically consists of sedges tolerant of seasonal waterlogging. Occurs along creeks
and minor stream tributaries.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Scrambler/Climber
LF Code
MS
MS
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Leptospermum lanigerum
60%
Woolly Tea-tree
#Spp
3
4
8
4
3
2
5
3
na
1
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Coprosma quadrifida
Acacia verticillata
Oxalis perennans
Oxalis exilis
Crassula helmsii
Poa labillardierei
Carex tereticaulis
Carex appressa
Phragmites australis
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Empodisma minus
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Gleichenia microphylla
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
10%
10%
10%
5%
20%
5%
10%
10%
20%
5%
LF code
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
SC
Common Name
Prickly Currant-bush
Prickly Moses
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Shady Wood-sorrel
Swamp Crassula
Common Tussock-grass
Hollow Sedge
Tall Sedge
Common Reed
Pithy Sword-sedge
Water Ribbons
Spreading Rope-rush
Weeping Grass
Scrambling Coral-fern
EVC 191: Riparian Scrub
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Rumex conglomeratus
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Trifolium dubium
Trifolium subterraneum
Hypochoeris radicata
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Holcus lanatus
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Briza maxima
Vulpia bromoides
Romulea rosea
Bromus diandrus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Cynosurus echinatus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Clustered Dock
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Suckling Clover
Subterranean Clover
Cat's Ear
Hairy Hawkbit
Yorkshire Fog
Soft Brome
Large Quaking-grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Onion Grass
Great Brome
Sweet Vernal-grass
Rough Dog's-tail
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 201: Shrubby Wet Forest
Description:
Tall eucalypt forest to 30 m tall with scattered understorey trees over a tall broad-leaved shrubby understorey and a moist,
shaded, fern-rich ground layer that is usually dominated by tree-ferns. Herbs may also be abundant where light penetrates the
ground layer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
90 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus delegatensis ssp. delegatensis
Eucalyptus obliqua
Alpine Ash
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
7
3
2
8
2
1
6
1
2
na
5%
20%
25%
10%
1%
15%
1%
1%
15%
1%
5%
20%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Polyscias sambucifolia
Coprosma hirtella
Daviesia ulicifolia
Olearia phlogopappa
Leucopogon hookeri
Ozothamnus thyrsoideus
Olearia megalophylla
Olearia erubescens
Senecio linearifolius
Derwentia derwentiana
Arthropodium milleflorum s.l.
Lagenophora stipitata
Poranthera microphylla
Stellaria pungens
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Leptinella filicula
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia ssp. exilis
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Dianella tasmanica
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida
Deyeuxia monticola var. monticola
Poa tenera
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Elderberry Panax
Rough Coprosma
Gorse Bitter-pea
Dusty Daisy-bush
Mountain Beard-heath
Sticky Everlasting
Large-leaf Daisy-bush
Moth Daisy-bush
Fireweed Groundsel
Derwent Speedwell
Pale Vanilla-lily
Common Bottle-daisy
Small Poranthera
Prickly Starwort
Common Raspwort
Mountain Cotula
Shady Wood-sorrel
Cluster-headed Mat-rush
Reed Bent-grass
Grass Trigger-plant
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Woodrush
Mountain Bent-grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
EVC 201: Shrubby Wet Forest
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 206: Sub-alpine Grassland
Description:
Occurs primarily in areas at altitudes of around 1200 m above sea level. Structurally and floristically this EVC is dominated by
grasses. Any shrubs present tend to be small and cryptic. The fertile and highly organic soils which are generally derived from
granodiorite provide a suitable substrate for a lush cover of grasses and herbs, many specific to montane/sub-alpine
environments. Snow persists for several months over winter. Species richness is low, indicative of the harsh environment.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
#Spp
1
3
1
3
11
3
1
5
2
na
na
%Cover
5%
5%
1%
5%
20%
10%
1%
20%
10%
20%
10%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Baeckea gunniana
Grevillea australis
Leucopogon hookeri
Hovea montana
Pimelea alpina
Asperula gunnii
Celmisia asteliifolia spp. agg.
Leptorhynchos squamatus
Craspedia glauca spp. agg.
Scleranthus biflorus s.l.
Gonocarpus micranthus ssp. micranthus
Cotula alpina
Carex breviculmis
Poa fawcettiae
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Poa costiniana
Empodisma minus
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
S/C
Common Name
Alpine Baeckea
Alpine Grevillea
Mountain Beard-heath
Alpine Rusty-pods
Alpine Rice-flower
Mountain Woodruff
Silver Daisy
Scaly Buttons
Common Billy-buttons
Twin-flower Knawel
Creeping Raspwort
Alpine Cotula
Common Grass-sedge
Horny Snow-grass
Grass Trigger-plant
Bog Snow-grass
Spreading Rope-rush
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
SH
Typical Weed Species
Acetosella vulgaris
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium repens var. repens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Sheep Sorrel
Cat's Ear
White Clover
Invasive
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
EVC 206: Sub-alpine Grassland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 207: Montane Grassy Shrubland
Description:
A shrubland, sometimes with emergent eucalypts to 15 m tall over a ground layer dominated by grasses and forbs. It occurs on
dry and exposed steep, rocky mid to upper slopes at montane elevations. Soils are shallow, dark brown stony loams to clay
loams.
+
eucalypt woodland only components (ignore when assessing shrublands and standardise site condition score as required)
Large trees+:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
50 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Immature Canopy Tree+
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Mallee Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus pauciflora
Eucalyptus rubida
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Snow Gum
Candlebark
#Spp
2
1
6
2
2
9
2
2
6
1
1
na
na
%Cover
5%
20%
1%
20%
5%
5%
20%
5%
5%
15%
5%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MT
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
EVC 207: Montane Grassy Shrubland
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Brachyloma daphnoides
Hymenanthera dentata
Grevillea lanigera
Daviesia mimosoides ssp. mimosoides
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
Senecio linearifolius
Wahlenbergia luteola
Galium gaudichaudii
Geranium solanderi s.l.
Stellaria pungens
Crassula sieberiana
Themeda triandra
Poa phillipsiana
Poa costiniana
Poa sieberiana
Adiantum aethiopicum
Asplenium flabellifolium
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Daphne Heath
Tree Violet
Woolly Grevillea
Blunt-leaf Bitter-pea
Clustered Everlasting
Fireweed Groundsel
Bronze Bluebell
Rough Bedstraw
Austral Cranesbill
Prickly Starwort
Australian Stonecrop
Kangaroo Grass
Blue Snow-grass
Bog Snow-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Maidenhair
Necklace Fern
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
SS
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Rosa rubiginosa
Rubus laciniatus
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium arvense var. arvense
Common Name
Sweet Briar
Cut-leaf Bramble
Cat's Ear
Hare’s-foot Clover
Invasive
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 210: Sub-alpine Wet Heathland
Description:
Virtually treeless and characterised by a dense layer of low heathy shrubs to 2 m tall, with a number of sedges and rushes in
the understorey. Occurs at elevations above 1000 m, in soaks or along small streams. Rainfall is generally greater than 1000
mm per annum, and during winter, this EVC can tolerate long periods of snow cover and low temperature. Deep, peaty,
sodden soils are usually covered by a layer of sphagnum moss.
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
#Spp
6
2
5
10
4
1
10
4
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Hakea microcarpa
Comesperma retusum
Olearia glandulosa
Leptospermum myrtifolium
r Pultenaea fasciculata
Epacris microphylla s.l.
Senecio hispidulus
Senecio tenuiflorus
Veronica gracilis
Epilobium billardierianum
Gratiola peruviana
Brachyscome scapigera
Lagenophora gracilis
Craspedia glauca spp. agg.
Hypericum japonicum
Hydrocotyle tripartita
Isotoma fluviatilis ssp. australis
Gonocarpus micranthus ssp. micranthus
Juncus sarophorus
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Austrodanthonia laevis
Poa sieberiana
Luzula meridionalis
Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana
Empodisma minus
Baloskion australe
r Juncus falcatus
Eleocharis gracilis
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
30%
10%
5%
15%
10%
1%
20%
15%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Small-fruit Hakea
Mountain Milkwort
Swamp Daisy-bush
Myrtle Tea-tree
Alpine Bush-pea
Coral Heath
Rough Fireweed
Slender Fireweed
Slender Speedwell
Variable Willow-herb
Austral Brooklime
Tufted Daisy
Slender Bottle-daisy
Common Billy-buttons
Matted St John's Wort
Slender Pennywort
Swamp Isotome
Creeping Raspwort
Broom Rush
Reed Bent-grass
Smooth Wallaby-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Woodrush
Grey Tussock-grass
Spreading Rope-rush
Mountain Cord-rush
Sickle-leaf Rush
Slender Spike-sedge
EVC 210: Sub-alpine Wet Heathland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Trifolium repens var. repens
Holcus lanatus
Festuca rubra
Common Name
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
White Clover
Yorkshire Fog
Red Fescue
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
low
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 318: Montane Swamp
Description:
Forms in drainage-lines on wet alluviums at montane and sub-montane elevations where annual rainfall is in the order of 650750 mm. The vegetation is virtually treeless but occasional eucalypt emergents may be present. Characterised by an open
shrub layer and a ground layer with a diversity of sedges, grasses, herbs and ferns.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
#Spp
5
2
1
3
2
1
4
4
1
na
%Cover
20%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
10%
15%
1%
40%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Baeckea utilis s.l.
Leptospermum myrtifolium
Epacris breviflora
Hakea microcarpa
Epacris microphylla s.l.
Asperula conferta
Leptinella filicula
Carex appressa
Schoenus apogon
Isolepis subtilissima
Festuca asperula
Poa costiniana
Baloskion australe
Baumea gunnii
Empodisma minus
Blechnum penna-marina ssp. alpina
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Mountain Baeckea
Myrtle Tea-tree
Drumstick Heath
Small-fruit Hakea
Coral Heath
Common Woodruff
Mountain Cotula
Tall Sedge
Common Bog-sedge
Club-sedge
Graceful Fescue
Prickly Snow-grass
Mountain Cord-rush
Slender Twig-sedge
Spreading Rope-rush
Alpine Water-fern
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
EVC 318: Montane Swamp
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 319: Montane Herb-rich Woodland
Description:
Occurs on southern and eastern-facing slopes or in protected gullies at elevations of around 1000 m above sea level, and
receives a high rainfall of almost 1110 mm per annum. It is subject to cold air drainage, which influences the species mix. A
mixture of eucalypts to 25 m tall forms the overstorey, with Silver Wattle abundant below. The shrub layer is neither diverse
nor dense. The ground layer carries a diversity of herbs, graminoids and grasses. Climbers are commonly present.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus delegatensis ssp. delegatensis
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Alpine Ash
#Spp
2
6
2
1
5
12
3
1
8
1
3
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
5%
1%
10%
20%
5%
5%
25%
1%
10%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 319: Montane Herb-rich Woodland
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Notelaea ligustrina
Coprosma hirtella
Pultenaea juniperina s.l.
Coprosma quadrifida
Exocarpos strictus
Olearia erubescens
Leucopogon hookeri
Tetratheca ciliata
Platylobium formosum
Wahlenbergia stricta
Epilobium billardierianum
Picris angustifolia
Derwentia derwentiana
Ranunculus plebeius s.l.
Stellaria pungens
Asperula scoparia
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Lobelia pedunculata s.l.
Leptinella filicula
Oxalis exilis
Poa helmsii
Lomandra longifolia
Poa sieberiana
Carex breviculmis
Poa ensiformis
Dianella tasmanica
Echinopogon ovatus
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Asplenium flabellifolium
Glycine clandestina
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Privet Mock-olive
Rough Coprosma
Prickly Bush-pea
Prickly Currant-bush
Pale-fruit Ballart
Moth Daisy-bush
Mountain Beard-heath
Pink-bells
Handsome Flat-pea
Tall Bluebell
Variable Willow-herb
Native Picris
Derwent Speedwell
Forest/Hairy Buttercup
Prickly Starwort
Prickly Woodruff
Bidgee-widgee
Stinking Pennywort
Matted Pratia
Mountain Cotula
Shady Wood-sorrel
Tall Mountain Tussock-grass
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Grass-sedge
Sword Tussock-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Hedgehog-grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Necklace Fern
Twining Glycine
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
SH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium repens var. repens
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
White Clover
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 702.61: Limestone Montane Grassland
Description:
Occurs on Silurian limestone at montane elevations around 1000 m above sea level. Structurally and floristically an open
grassland with scattered, isolated patches of shrubs over a ground layer dominated by herbs and grasses.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
#Spp
2
1
1
3
11
3
6
2
2
na
na
%Cover
5%
1%
1%
5%
20%
10%
20%
5%
5%
20%
10%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Olearia alpicola
Rr Discaria pubescens
Exocarpos strictus
Muehlenbeckia axillaris
Senecio quadridentatus
Geranium solanderi s.l.
Asperula conferta
Daucus glochidiatus
Vv Thesium australe
Scleranthus diander
k Desmodium varians
Themeda triandra
v Poa hookeri
Poa sieberiana var. hirtella
Carex breviculmis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Asplenium flabellifolium
r Asplenium trichomanes ssp. quadrivalens
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
Common Name
Alpine Daisy-bush
Hairy Anchor Plant
Pale-fruit Ballart
Matted Lignum
Cotton Fireweed
Austral Cranesbill
Common Woodruff
Australian Carrot
Austral Toad-flax
Tufted Knawel
Slender Tick-trefoil
Kangaroo Grass
Hooker’s Tussock-grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Common Grass-sedge
Weeping Grass
Necklace Fern
Common Spleenwort
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MNG
LH
LH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Aira caryophyllea
Verbascum virgatum
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Silvery Hair-grass
Twiggy Mullein
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
low
low
EVC 702.61: Limestone Montane Grassland
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands – Northern Fall bioregion
EVC 702.62: Montane Grassland
Description:
Occurs primarily in areas at altitudes of around 700 to 1000 m above sea level. Structurally and floristically this EVC is
dominated by grasses. The fertile and highly organic soils which are generally derived from Quaternary alluvial flats provide a
suitable substrate for a lush cover of grasses and herbs.
Life Forms:
Life form
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
#Spp
1
3
11
3
6
2
na
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
%Cover
1%
5%
20%
10%
20%
5%
20%
10%
LF code
PS
LH
MH
SH
MTG
MNG
BL
S/C
90%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Wilsonia rotundifolia
Chrysocephalum apiculatum s.l.
Wahlenbergia luteola
Acaena agnipila
Goodenia pinnatifida
Leptorhynchos squamatus
Cynoglossum suaveolens
Desmodium gunnii
Austrodanthonia penicillata
Austrostipa scabra ssp. scabra
Elymus scaber var. scaber
Carex inversa
Common Name
Round-leaf Wilsonia
Common Everlasting
Bronze Bluebell
Hairy Sheep’s Burr
Cut-leaf Goodenia
Scaly Buttons
Sweet Hound’s-tongue
Southern Tick-trefoil
Slender Wallaby-grass
Rough Spear-grass
Common Wheat-grass
Knob Sedge
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
SH
Typical Weed Species
Acetosella vulgaris
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium repens var. repens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Sheep Sorrel
Cat's Ear
White Clover
Invasive
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
EVC 702.62: Montane Grassland
Highlands - Northern Fall bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Highlands Northern Fall Bioregion
EVC 937: Swampy Woodland
Description:
Open eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall with ground-layer dominated by tussock grasses and/or sedges and often rich in herbs. Occurs on
poorly drained, seasonally waterlogged heavy soils, primarily on swamp deposits but extending to suitable substrates within some
landscapes of sedimentary origin.
Large Trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
60 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
15%
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus camphora subsp.
humeana Eucalyptus ovata
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Mountain Swamp-gum
Swamp Gum
Understorey:
Lifeform
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-Tufted
Graminoid Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class Bioregion Benchmark
#Spp
%Cover
LF Code
1
4
2
2
5
2
2
1
3
2
2
5%
5%
20%
5%
10%
10%
5%
10%
10%
10%
5%
10%
20%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
EVC 937: Swampy Woodland
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Acacia melanoxylon
Melaleuca ericifolia
Coprosma quadrifida
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum continentale
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Hibbertia riparia
Pterostylis longifolia s.l.
Senecio minimus
Centella cordifolia
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Gratiola peruviana
Mazus pumilio
Dichondra repens
Opercularia varia
Carex appressa
Gahnia sieberiana
Gahnia radula
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Lepidosperma laterale
Lomandra filiformis
Schoenus apogon
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Poa tenera
Lindsaea linearis
Blackwood
Swamp Paperbark
Prickly Currant-bush
Common Heath
Prickly Tea-tree
Tree Everlasting
Erect Guinea-flower
Tall Greenhood
Shrubby Fireweed
Centella
Common Raspwort
Austral Brooklime
Swamp Mazus
Kidney-weed
Variable Stinkweed
Tall Sedge
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Thatch Saw-sedge
Pithy Sword-sedge
Variable Sword-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Common Bog-sedge
Weeping Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Screw Fern
Recruitment:
Continuous.
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
Typical Weed Species
LH
SC
LNG
MH
MH
MTG
Cirsium vulgare
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Holcus lanatus
Hypochoeris radicata
Allium triquetrum
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Spear Thistle
Blackberry
Yorkshire Fog
Cat's Ear
Three-corner Garlic
Sweet Vernal-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2009
© The State of Victoria Government Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-comercial is authorised, on condition that:
• the copyright owner is acknowledged;
• no official connection is claimed;
• the material is made available without charge or cost; and
• the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
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