# How to Construct a Line Graph handout ```how to construct a line graph on paper
step
what to do
how to do it
a. independent variable
(controlled by the experimenter)
1
identify the variables
 goes on the X axis
 should be on the left side of the data table
b. dependent variable
(changes with the independent variable)


2
3
determine the variable
range
determine the scale
of the graph
4
number and label each
axis
5
plot the data points
6
draw the graph
7
title the graph
goes on the Y axis
should be on the right side of the data table
a. subtract the lowest data value from the highest
data value
b. determine the range for each variable separately
a. determine a scale that best fits the range of each
variable
b. spread the graph to use MOST of the available
space on the paper
a. this indicates what the data lines on the graph
represent
a. plot each data value on the graph with a dot
b. data numbers can be placed by the data points, if it
does not clutter the graph
a. draw a curve or line that best fits the data points
b. most graphs of experimental data are NOT drawn as
‘connect-the-dots’
a. the title should clearly indicate what the graph is
representing
b. if the graph has more than one set of data, provide
a key to identify the different lines
```