# 05fa midterm2

```EECS140 Midterm 2
Prob.
Name__________________________
1ABC
/15
1DEFGH
/35
2
/20
SID___________________________
Score
3
/20
Total
of the various gm, ro, Cgs, (e.g. gm1, Cgs5), and CC, CL
Unless otherwise indicated, you may make the following
assumptions:
 All transistors are biased in saturation
 All capacitors are assumed to be zero except CC, CL , and Cgs for all transistors.
 gmro &gt;&gt; 1 for all combinations of gm and ro
 CL &gt; CC &gt; Cgs8
M6
M5
V-
M1
M7
M2
V+
Vo
CC
CL
R0
M3
M4
M8
1A) Write an expression for the overall DC gain
1B) Write an expression for the first and second poles, and the mirror doublet
1C) Write an expression for the low-frequency input capacitance at V+ assuming that
Cgd2 is non-zero. You may ignore any contribution due to Cgs2.
1A) DC gain
1B) p1, p2,
pm, zm
1C) Cin
Prob. 1, cont.) Assume that the mirror doublet is at very high frequency (well above
10Grad/sec), and the following component values:
gm1,2
ro1-6
gm8
ro7,8
CL
CC
Cgs8
1mS
200k
10mS
2k
10p
1p
0.1p
On the following pages,
1D) plot the magnitude of the second stage gain
1E) plot the overall impedance seen at the first stage output (including Ro1, Cgs8, CC, and
any effects of Miller multiplication),
1F) plot the magnitude of the first stage gain,
1G) plot the magnitude and phase of the overall gain. Label poles and zeros clearly.
1H) what value of CC is needed for a 45 degree phase margin?
1H) CC
1D) Second stage gain – |Av2,0|
10,000
|Av2,0|
|Av2,0|
100
1
1
1k
1M
1G
1E) Impedance at first stage output, |Zo1|
10M
|Zo1|
|Zo1|
100K
1K
1
1k
1M
1G
1F) First stage gain, |Av1|
10,000
|Av1|
|Av1|
100
1
1
1k
1M
1G
1G) op amp Bode plot
|Av|
10,000
|Av|
100
1
1
1k
1M
1G
0
Phase(Av)
Phase(Av)
-90
-180
-270
1
1k
1M
1G
For the following questions, give a short answer and justification (2 sentences max).
2A) You need to design an amplifier which will be used in unity-gain feedback. Input
signals with an amplitude of up to 10V and frequencies from 20Hz to 20kHz must be
reproduced with less than 1mV of error. What is the minimum gain and minimum unitygain frequency of your open-loop amplifier?
2B) Your friend from Stanford tells you that your 2-stage solution to project 1 was stupid,
and that you should have used a telescopic cascode. What do you tell him?
2C) Another friend from Stanford tells you that you can improve the phase margin of
your amplifier by decreasing the source impedance that is driving it. What do you tell
her?
2D) Do we measure phase margin with an open loop or closed loop amplifier? Why?
3)For the current mirror below, assume that all transistors are identical, with Vt=0.5V,
and Iref is chosen such that Vdsat1 is 0.3V.
3A) What is the range of values of VBN such that all transistors remain in saturation if
Vout=1V?
3B) Assuming you choose a value for VBN which lies in this range, what is the minimum
value for Vout such that all transistors are in saturation? (in terms of VBN)
3C) Assume that this circuit is used as a current mirror in a differential amplifier, and that
gm/Cgs for all devices is equal, except M2 which due to layout error has 10 times more
capacitance between gate and source as the other devices. What effect does the
(defective) mirror have on the frequency response of the amplifier (Pole? Poles? Zero?
Zeros?). Be precise.
3D) Using another current source of magnitude Iref, one or more FETs, and no other
components, design a circuit to set VBN=Vt+3Vdsat1 .
3A) VBN range
3B) min Vout
3C) Freq.
Response of
differential