Supplementary Information #1 Expression of GFP correlates with expression of TLR2. RAW TT10 cells were transfected with wild type HA-tagged TLR2-TIGZ2+ as in other figures in the manuscript. After 24 hours, the cells were stained with a mouse monoclonal antibody to the extracellular HA epitope (Babco) followed by a Goat-anti-mouse IgG1 antibody coupled to phycoerythrin (PharMingen). The cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The level of surface expression of TLR2 correlated directly with the level of GFP expression from the bicistronic message. The range of GFP detection was greater than the range of HA-TLR2 detection. Thus, gating on GFP-hi cells (green box) facilitated inclusion of TLR2-expressing cells and exclusion of non-expressing cells. Inh ibition of zymosan-induced TNF- production is observed if TLR2-P681H expression is monitored by surface HA epitope staining. RAW TT10 cells were transiently transfected with HA-tagged TLR2 in the bicistronic expression vector (TIGZ2+, left panel), or in pDisplay (right panel). 24 hours after transfection the cells were stimulated with zymosan for 6 hours, and TNF- production was detected with an antibody to mouse TNF- as described in the manuscript. In the left panel TLR2P681H-expressing cells were detected by GFP expression (using a gate as illustrated above in green) demonstrating (as described in the manuscript) that cells expressing the inhibitory receptor (thick green line) produced TNF-, while cells not expressing the receptor (thin green line) failed to produce the cytokine. When surface TLR2-P681H expression was monitored by surface HA staining (using a gate as illustrated above in red), zymosan-induced TNF- production was inhibited in cells expressing the inhibitory receptor (thick red line) as compared to cells not expressing the receptor (thin red line). In both panels, background TNF- production is indicated with a black line. The effect of the inhibitory receptor is consistently more evident on GFP-gated cells compared to HA-gated cells due to the greater exclusion of non-expressing cells using the GPF method.