BIOLOGY BINGO GENETICS Hemophilia Color-blindness Cystic fibrosis Tay-sachs Klinfelters syndrome Sickle cell anemia Huntington’s disease Genetic counseling Pedigree Incomplete dominance Recessive Down’s syndrome Dominant Carrier PKU Human blood Genetics Alleles Autosomal Sex-linked Biotechnology Gene therapy Forensic science Genes • A treatment for diseases which involves actually changing the genes that causes the genetic disorder. • An alternate form of the same gene for a given trait. • Linked to any chromosome other than the sex chromosomes. • A sex-linked recessive trait in which a defect in the cones of the eyes causes an inability to see certain colors. • When two different alleles for the same trait combine, but neither allele “wins” expression over the other. The heterozygous condition shows a phenotype in between the two homozygous phenotypes. • This disorder is a sex-linked recessive disorder in which the blood does not have a protein that allows it to clot. • The scientific study of heredity. • A chart that shows how a trait and the genes that control it are inherited within a family. • A gene located on a sex chromosome. • The use of living organisms and technology to make products such as medicines or to benefit humans. • Using biotechnology to solve crimes. • This disorder is usually adultonset and is caused by a deterioration of nerve cells. This disorder is autosomal dominant. • The form of a trait that is typically masked by the dominant allele. • A disease which causes mental retardation because the body can not metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine. This disorder is autosomal recessive. • In humans, this trait is an example of a codominant trait with multiple alleles. • This disease is a relatively common birth defect cause by the presence of an extra chromosome number 21. This disorder causes mental retardation. • A disorder in which the red blood cells have an abnormal shape. This disorder is autosomal recessive. • The expressed form of a trait that usually masks the recessive allele. • A disorder that is due to having an extra X chromosome resulting in XXY. • Provides people who want to have children, information about the probabilities of passing genetic disorders on to their offspring. • An individual who carries a recessive trait that is not expressed. • A disorder in which the person’s cells have difficulty moving water and salts. This results in mucus to become dry, thick, and sticky causing difficulties in breathing. This disease is autosomal recessive. • The unit of hereditary information that controls traits; located on a chromosome. • This disorder is caused by the inability to process a specific fat. As this fat builds up in the brain, it causes severe brain damage and eventually death. This disorder is autosomal recessive.