CCSS Math and LL_KI - Educating for Careers Conference 2014

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Educating for Careers 2014
Math Project-Based Learning and
the Common Core:
Intersection, Union, or Empty Set?
March 4, 2014
Kentaro Iwasaki
Who’s Here?
Raise your hand for all groups that apply to you
• Teachers
– Career Technical
– Mathematics
– Other
• Pathway Leads
• School
Administrators
• District
Administrators
• Counselors
• Other
2
Who Here Is In a Linked Learning Pathway?
Please raise your hand if you are in a Linked
Learning Pathway.
3
Components of Linked Learning
A comprehensive four-year
program of study integrating:
• Rigorous academics
• Real-world technical skills
• Work-based learning
• Personalized supports
4
Session Objectives
• Explore the Venn of Common Core Math and
Project-Based Learning in a Linked Learning
context
• Explore how Project-Based Learning in a Linked
Learning Context enhances students’
understanding of mathematical content and
practices from the CCSS-M
6
Agenda
1. What’s Your Venn?
2. ConnectEd’s PBL-based Math Curriculum
3. Focus on One Unit and Project
4. Discuss Links to CCSS-M Standards and Practices
5. Share out
6. What’s Your Venn?
7. Feedback
7
What’s Your Venn?
Please draw what your Venn between Math
PBL and CCSS-M is and explain why.
8
ConnectEd’s PBL Math Curriculum
ConnectEd developed 10 pre-algebra
and algebra project-based and
problem-based units in order to
support engineering pathway students
in mathematics.
9
ConnectEd’s PBL Math Curriculum
Currently our math curriculum is part of a
rigorous randomized controlled trial through a
federal i3 (Investing in Innovation) project in 17
districts across California that will impact
approximately 6000 students with achievement
on 8th grade CST Algebra scores as the
measurement.
10
ConnectEd’s PBL Math Curriculum
Unit 1: Wind Power
Measurement, fraction,
and percent skills are
applied to build the
most efficient wind
turbine possible
Unit 2: Blueprints and
Models
Scale, slope, and
proportional reasoning
are taught through the
design of an access ramp
and a remodeling plan
for a building
Unit 3: People Movers
Graphs, algebraic
expressions, and ratios are
used to build and analyze
a transportation system
Unit 4: Safe Combinations
Exponent rules to calculate
the number of
possible combinations on a
constructed combination
lock. Writing and solving
equations are used to
“code” and “decode”
solutions
ConnectEd’s PBL Math Curriculum
Unit 1: Puzzle Cube
Solve singlevariable linear
equations as
students build the
pieces of a puzzle
cube
Unit 2: Air Traffic Control
Graph linear equations
to chart the progress of
multiple planes and
direct them to land
safely
Unit 3: Catapult Game
Solve quadratic
equations to design
and play a game
with projectile
machines
Unit 6: Electrical Resistance
Solve rational
expressions to
calculate the total
resistance in circuits
Experiential Project from “The Catapult Game”
Your group’s task is to use mathematics to determine
how far away to place your catapult in order to hit the
targets on a castle poster.
What mathematical content and practices are involved?
Materials: Catapult, Tape Measure, Grid Poster Paper
(1”X1” squares), Markers, Laptops or graphing
calculators
13
Experiential Project from “The Catapult Game”
14
Experiential Project from “The Catapult Game”
y,
Height Off
Ground
x, Distance from Launch Point
15
Where’s the Math?
Please discuss in your groups what mathematical
content and practices were involved in this
project. Be ready to share out.
16
Catapult Game Unit Overview
• The main mathematical concept of the Catapult
Game unit focuses on connecting various aspects of
quadratic functions (factoring, roots, x-intercepts,
graphs, quadratic formula, applications).
• We work to emphasize the meaning of these math
concepts in CONTEXT!
17
Lesson 1 Overview:
Multiplying Binomials and Finding Area
Students multiply binomials through an area
model and find patterns in perfect square
trinomials and difference of squares.
–x
x
–4
x
4x
–2
2
2 x
8
Target
Dimensions
Area in Expanded Form
A
(10  x )(10  x )
100 – 20x + x
B
( x  15 )( x  15 )
x + 30x + 225
C
( x  2)( x  2)
x + 4x + 4
D
( x  5 )( x  5 )
x – 10x +25
E
(2 x  1)(2 x  1)
4x + 4x + 1
F
( x  4)( x  4)
x + 8x + 16
2
2
2
2
2
2
Total Area:
2
9x + 16x + 371
18
Lesson 2 Overview:
Graphs of Equations in Factored Form
2) Graph the three sets of data from Problem 1. Label each graph.
y
-10 -9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
36
34
32
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
-2
-1 0
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
-14
-16
-18
-20
(x+2)(x+4)
(x-3)(x+5)
x(x-2)
x
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
19
Graphs of Equations in Factored Form
The x-intercepts or zeroes tell us about the graphs of quadratics in this context
The set of x-values that lead to positive areas is bound by the points where the
function is equal to zero. We already know that these points are the roots or
x-intercepts of the function. They are also called the zeroes of the function.
Area of
Target
Area of
Target
The regions of
the graphs that
represent all of
the possibilities
for real targets.
x
x
Root
Root
Root
Root
20
Lesson 3 Overview:
Factoring
Factoring using the area model
Designer: Bianca
Summary: Target Areas
Target
Area
A
x  3x  4
(x + 4)(x – 1)
B
x  1x  6
(x – 3)(x + 2)
C
x  3 x  10
(x + 5)(x – 2)
D
x  36
(x + 6)(x – 6)
2
2
2
2
21
Lesson 4.2
Factoring Doesn’t Always Work
Consider the trajectory of ammunition launched by Catapult Q: y   ( x 2  1 0 x  6 ). Where should you
place the catapult in order to shoot ammunition through Target C, which is 25 inches high?
2 5  ( x  1 0 x  6 )
2
25  x  10 x  6
2
0  x  10 x  19
2
n o t fa c to ra b le
0  x  10 x  19
2
0  6  x  1 0 x  (1 9  6 )
2
6  x  10 x  25
2
6  (x  5)
2
6  x 5
x  5
6
(?, 25)
22
Lesson 4.2
Factoring Doesn’t Always Work
This process of completing the square was done to the generic quadratic equation in standard form (
2
a x  b x  c  0 ) to create a formula for the solutions:
The Quadratic Formula
If a x 2  b x  c  0 , then x 
b 
b  4ac
2
2a
Completing the Square
Solve the following equations by adding a number to both sides of the equal sign that makes the right
side a perfect square. The first one is done for you.
23
Lessons 4.4
Analyze the Catapult Part 2
Determine where to place each catapult in order to hit all of the
targets on the castle.
The Castle
Trajectory Equations
x = horizontal distance; y = height of ball
Catapult
33
B
28
Q
A
25
Inches
from the
Ground 20
C
Ammunition Balls
y  ( x
2
Supply Balls
y  ( x  1 3 x  6 )
 9x  6)
2
R
y  ( x  1 7 x  3 )
y   ( x  1 1x  3 )
S
y  ( x  1 0 x  4 )
y  ( x  7 x  4 )
2
2
2
2
D
13
F
10
E
G
6
Target
A
Must Place Catapult This Distance Away from Castle to Hit the Target (ft.)
(Round all answers to the nearest hundredth place)
Catapult Q
Catapult R
Catapult S
Ammunition
Supplies
Ammunition
Supplies
Ammunition
Supplies
Impossible; no
real solutions
2, 11
1.63, 15.73
3.21, 7.79
4, 6
Impossible;
no real
solutions
24
Lesson 5
Playing the Catapult Game Virtually
Go to http://www.8kindsoffun.com/Catapult/CatapultGUI.html and record your calculations for
playing the virtual catapult game below.
An example of a quadratic regression applet can be found at
http://www.xuru.org/rt/PR.asp
Point 1
Data Points for Ammunition Trajectory
=
=
Point 2
=
=
Point 3
=
=
Quadratic Standard Form Calculator
Data Points for Ammunition Trajectory
Vertex
=
x-intercept
=
=
25
Standards of Mathematical Practice
What standards of mathematical practice from the CCSS-M did you find in the
project?
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
26
Has Your Venn Changed?
Take a look at your Venn from the beginning of
the session.
Has your Venn changed at all?
How so?
27
www.ConnectEdCalifornia.org
[email protected]
[email protected]
28
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