Recognition, Response and Administration of Naloxone (Narcan) Heroin Hydrocodone Codeine Oxycodone Demerol Vicodin Morphine OxyContin Darvocet Tylenol 3 Fentanyl Tylox Dilaudid Levorphanol Methadone Percocet Opium Percodan Methadone ++++ 24-32 Hours Heroin +++++ 6-8 Hours Oxycontin +++++ 3-6 Hours Codeine + 3-4 Hours Demerol ++ 2-4 Hours Morphine +++ 3-6 Hours Fentanyl +++++ 2-4 Hours + Potency Natural opioids: contained in resin of opium poppy (morphine, codeine) Semi-synthetic opioids: created from natural opioids such as hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, heroin etc., Fully Synthetic Opioids: Methadone, Fentanyl Rarely instantaneous Can happen 1-3 hours after use Body has ingested more than it can handle Opioids attack receptors that control breathing Oxygen can’t get to the brain Heart stops Unconscious, Coma, Death Long-term Brain/Nerve/Physical Damage Tolerance Shift Mixing Drugs Physical Health Variation in strength/content Switching from snorting/smoking to injection Using alone Blue skin tinge- usually lips and fingertips show first REALLY HIGH OVERDOSE Muscles become relaxed Deep snoring or gurgling (death rattle) Very infrequent or no breathing Body very limp Face very pale Pulse (heartbeat) is slow, erratic, or Speech is slowed/slurred not there at all Sleepy looking Pale, clammy skin Throwing up Nodding Passing out Choking sounds or a Heavy nod, not responsive to stimulation Will respond to stimulation like yelling, sternal rub, pinching, etc. Slow heart beat/pulse gurgling/snoring noise Breathing is very slow, irregular, or has stopped Awake, but unable to respond Slow heart beat/pulse Are you alright? Are you ok? Pain Stimulus If no response call 9-1-1 Rescue Breathing Naloxone Rescue Breathing Salt Water Suboxone Ice On Body Cold Shower Cocaine Milk Burning Skin Punching Slapping Fear of legal risk (outstanding warrants, DSS involvement, loss of public housing) Fear of judgment from family/ community Personal embarrassment/shame Other punitive measures (students loose federal financial aid) Urban legends (homicide charge for being at an OD, being deported) Opioid Antagonist Medication that reverses only OPIOID Heroin overdose Can not get high on it Can not abuse it Stays active for 20-90 minutes depending on metabolism, amount of drug used Liver Function If they use before the Narcan wears off Narcan Opioid receptor Narcan has a stronger affinity to the opioid receptors than the heroin, so it knocks the heroin off the receptors for a short time and lets the person breathe again. Harm Reduction? Know some street slang (does not mean YOU have to use it) Know the street myths about response Referrals to outside programs for Narcan Not just people who inject are at risk for overdose. Phone: (781) 592-0243 Thank You!!