The Basics of Oncology

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The Basics of Oncology
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Grades 9-12
Roswell Park at a Glance
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Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park
First and one of the largest cancer
research, treatment & education
centers
Founded PDT, Gamma Knife, PSA Test
Roswell Park’s Mission
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Dedicated to providing total care to
cancer patient
Conduct research into causes of
cancer
Treatment & prevention of cancer
Educate public & those who study and
treat cancer
What is Cancer?
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Cancer begins when cells in a part of
the body start to grow out of control
Cancer is the second leading cause of
death in the United States
Today, millions of people are living
with cancer or have had cancer
The Basics of Oncology
How does Cancer occur?
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Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a
small group of cells
Cancer cells begin to reproduce
uncontrollably
Cancer is also hereditary
Old Age
Lifestyle
Genetics – BRCA “Breast & Ovarian Cancer”
APC “Colon Cancer”
The Basics of Oncology
Different Types of Cancer
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Lung
Breast
Head & Neck
Colon
Prostate
Skin
Stomach
Bone
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Leukemia
Hodgkin Lymphoma
Brain Tumor
Why does Cancer make a
person sick?
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Cancer is an aggressive disease that
can cause a person to be extremely
tired and nauseous from aggressive
treatments, and can cause depression
in some people.
Cancer Screening
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Screening is when tests and exams are
used to find this type of disease in
people who are not showing any signs
of symptoms
It can also helps doctors find and treat
cancers early
Types of Cancer
Screening
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Mammography
Skin Checks
PET Scans
Chest X-Rays
Biopsies of unusual lumps or bumps
Treatments of Cancer
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Based on how far the cancer has
progressed & its location in the body it
responds differently to treatment. A
cancer specialist called an Oncologist
will provide the patient with the best
treatment plan based on the form of
cancer and how aggressive the cancer
may be.
Standard Treatments for
Cancer
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Surgery
– Done to remove tumors or cancerous tissues
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Chemotherapy
– A pill or IV given to eliminate the cancer cells.
However, this affects a patient’s entire body and
can make a patient have hair loss or an upset
stomach
– Many Cancers can be controlled by
Chemotherapy
Standard Treatments for
Cancer
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Radiation Therapy
– Certain types of energy used to shrink
tumors or eliminate cancer cells. It
damages cancer’s DNA making it unable
to multiply.
Cancer Survivors
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In the 1970’s, 1 out of 2 people (50%)
diagnosed with Cancer survived at
least 5 years
Today, more than 2 out of 3 (67%) of
people survive and are living with
Cancer
Currently there are more than 11
Million Cancer Survivors in the US
The Basics of Cancer
Yroswell
For a World Without Cancer
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Started in 2007 to
help young people
aged 12-26
understand cancer
Learning, Giving
and Coping
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www.Yroswell.com
Check out
Yroswell’s Facebook
and Twitter pages
The End
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
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