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Combinational MOS Logic Circuit A. Marzuki Topics • Static Characteristic • Dynamic Characteristic • Stick Diagram Two-Input NOR Gate VGS,load = 0 V VOL k = μCox W/L for case either Driver are ON, !VGS = VOH for case both Driver are ON, CMOS NOR GATE Analysis similar to CMOS Inverter , VOL = 0 V, VOH=VDD A !VS4=VDD-VSD3 !ID3+ID4=2ID B !replace ID of B with A CMOS TG !Vout is varied. !see current direction for Source terminal indication CMOS TG EXAMPLE Complex Logic Circuits •OR by parallelconnected drivers. •AND by seriesconnected drivers. •Inversion by MOS circuit operation. CMOS Logic Circuit Pull up graph: vertex is drawn with area of pull down graph. Edge cross pull down graph’s edge once. Pull down graph (NMOS) Vertex represents node Equivalency PMOS Gate length increase, NMOS Gate width increase CMOS NOR Gate Discuss Example 7.2 Assuming W/L for PMOS is 15 for NMOS is 10 Answer is W/L for n is 12, while p is 12.5 Dynamic Characteristics (Delay) Capacitance? Pls read chapter 6 and chapter 3. For our case, We just Use Cout i.e. the final total capacitance. Propagation Delay Equivalency Chapter Six Stick Diagram • A stick diagram is a graphical view of a layout. • Does show all components/vias (except possibly tub ties), relative placement. • Does not show exact placement, transistor sizes, wire lengths, wire widths, tub boundaries. Stick Diagram • Represents relative positions of transistors • Stick diagrams help plan layout quickly – Need not be to scale – Draw with color pencils or dry-erase markers VDD VDD Inverter NAND2 Out Out In GND GND A B Common Euler Path The Euler path is defined as an uninterrupted path that traverses each edge (branch) of the graph exactly once Comparison References • S-M. Kang and Y. Leblebici ,CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design,, 3rd edition • Jan M. Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan, and Borivoje Nikolic, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.