On Food Security

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Ministry of Agriculture of
t h e R e p u b l i c o f Ta j i k i s t a n
«Development of the agriculture sector and food security of the SCO countries»
Presentation: Deputy Minister of Agriculture of RT, Mr Isroilov S.I
1
AGRICULTURE is the most important sector of the economy of
states - members of the SCO. The stable functioning of the
agricultural sector is largely depends on the state of the economy
and food security of the state of the SCO. In connection with this,
the integration within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, has
a special place in the agreement of Agrarian Policy of the States
Parties. Today's meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the
Shanghai Cooperation Organization on “The development of
agriculture and food security of the SCO" is one of the vectors of
the interaction of our countries to ensure sustainable agricultural
development the SCO.
The Republic of Tajikistan is an agrarian country, and this sector
plays a key role in ensuring food security, creating new jobs in rural
areas, and social development of the village and, in general, the
development of the republic's economy.
In this regard,
one of the strategic directions of development of the country
selected by the Government of our Republic is to ensure
2
food security and improve the welfare of the population.
Detail information
on TAJIKISTAN
 Population of the Republic of Tajikistan
more than – 8,2 million ;
 In rural areas live more than
70% of population of the country and
46% of them are busy with the agriculture
sector;
 Agriculture share in GDP accounts
21-23 percentage;
 Tajikistan has suitable climate condition for developing the agriculture and
these conditions are promoting to grow probably all type of crops;
 In agriculture sector of the country are functioning more than 87,6 thous.
dehkan farms, 456 cooperatives, , 621 collective dehkan farms, 6 agrofirms,
and 119 Dehkan farm associations.
3
Prioritized direction of the Agrarian reform
programm up to 2020 year
1. Diversification of the agriculture crops;
2. Farm reform;
3. Improve movements of the cooperatives;
4. Institutional reform;
5. Establishment of the Center on provision of
informational – advisory services
4
Food Security
Food security and agricultural development is a major sector of the
economy, and sustainable food supply of the country largely depends on the
development of this sector. Development of the agricultural sector will provide a
reliable, stable and balanced food supply of the country by means of dynamic
and steady growth of agricultural production, income and employment of the
rural population, as well as the protection of natural resources for its expanded
reproduction.
Taking these factors into account, and to ensure food security, the following
laws and programs were adopted, such as the Law of RT "On Food Security";
"Food Security Program of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to
2015" and the Council on Food Security of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan;
Priorities of the Government of Tajikistan in the field of "food security"
 To make the food accessible (economic and physical accessibility) on the basis
of sustainable development of the agricultural sector;
 Ensuring food safety and proper organization of nutrition (especially for
vulnerable groups);
 Ensuring a stable food supply.
 Implementation of these priorities will help to achieve the strategic goals of
5
the country, including poverty reduction.
PROGRAMMS
RELATED TO THE AGRICULTURE
With the support of the Government of Tajikistan, 15 medium-term
Governmental Programms up to 2015 years is currently implementing,
including:
7 – Programms on crop production sector:
-Improve of cotton production
-Improve of horticulture and vineyards;
- Improve of potato production; -Improve of seed production;
- Improve of tobacco production; - Locust control;
- Plant and garden protection .
8 – Programms on livestock sector:
-Improve of livestock and pedigree;
-Improve of poultries;
-Improve of horse breeding ;
-Improve of fishery ;
-Improve of yak breeding ;
-Improve of apiculture;
-Improve of livestock biotechnology;
- Pasture improvement .
6
Horticulture and vineyards
Horticulture and vineyards are the main sector in economic development,
actually in food processing and strengthening of export potential of the country;
 Currently, total area of the gardens are consist of 131 thous. ha, from this
area stone fruits 70,1 thousand ha, pips 49,4 thousand ha, nuts 5,2
thousand ha, subtropical 5,1 thousand ha and citruses 369 Ha;
 Total area of the vineyards are 37,8 thousand ha;
In frame of the on –gong implementation of agrarian reform, in order of
diversification of the sectors is started to planting prunes, new varieties and
high quality of apricots, apples, pears, peach and citruses, such as: for Prune:
Anna Shpet, Vengerka ajeni and italian; for Аpricot: Mirsnadjali, Subhani,
Khurmai, Kandak, Ahmadi; for Apples: Renet Simirenko, Jonatan, Golden
Delishes, Rozamarin, Zolotoe Graymo; for Pear: Dilafruz, Belebosk, Kyure,
Lastochka, Lesnaya krasavisa; for Peach: Аdjiri surch, Kamberlend,
Malinoviy, Lola, Farhod, Guldor, Sunbuli; for Citrus: Villa Franko, Meyera,
Grecheskiy, Ioskuriya; for Persimon: Khiakuma, Zendji-maru, Gosha-Gaki
and etc.
7
The result of the implementation of the
Governmental programms on crop production sector
Cereal production
1400
1294.5
1261.1
1200
1232.6
1098.2
1200
Thousand MT
800
600
400
800
760.1
991
600
400
0
0
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2009
1400
1142.6
1342.4
1000
800
600
400
250
0
2012
2013
225.3
263.1
213.9
100
0
2011
329.3
150
50
2010
2013
200
200
2009
2012
313.2
300
Thousand MT
1046.9
1242
2011
350
1490.5
1600
2010
Fruit production
Vegetable production
Thousand MT
690.9
863.1
200
200
1200
1115.6
1000
1000
Thousand MT
Potato production
1392.6
2009
2010
2011
2012
8
2013
The results of implementation of Government
programms in seed production sector
In the country, more than 65 special seed farms are currently functioning,
who are engaged with growing of cotton, cereals, vegetables, potatoes and
Lucerne.
Wheat seed production
Potato seed production
90.0
35.0
83.7
32.2
80.0
28.9
30.0
25.0
57.6
60.0
Thousand MT
Thousand MT
70.0
50.0
40.0
38.2
33.3
33.5
21.7
23.1
23.1
20.0
15.0
30.0
10.0
20.0
5.0
10.0
0.0
0.0
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
9
Crop production
Crop production is one of the main sector of the agriculture, and playing
important role in provision of the food security in the country.
In the country producing more than 400-450 thousand MT of cotton,
more than 1,3 million MT of cereal, more than 1,1 million MT of potato, 1,4
million MT vegetables, 495 thousand MT of melons, 330 thousand MT of
fruits, 175 thousand of grapes.
Importer
countries
Unit
Cotton
fibers
Dry
fruits
Onion
Cherry
Apricot
Grapes
Apples
Plum
Export of cotton fibers , vegetables and fruits
from Tajikistan to the SCO countries for last 8 months of 2014 year
Kazakhstan
MT
-
45936
70078
225
1866
60
-
256
Kirgizstan
MT
-
-
-
-
467
49
-
-
China
866
241
-
125
-
-
-
-
Russia
MT
MT
6701
91
729
95
8,5
-
2
-
Total
MT
7567
46027
70807
445
2341,5
109
2
256
10
EXPORT and IMPORT
between SCO countries and Republic of Tajikistan
For 2013
Country
№
For last 6 months of 2014
(thousand USD )
Export
Import
Country
№
(thousand USD )
Export
Import
1
Kazakhstan
85 531
625 758
1 Kazakhstan
89 088
325 470
2
Kirgizstan
7 199
179 315
2 Kirgizstan
2 272
9 788
3
China
86 323
595 799
3 China
20 413
334 727
4
Russia
123 095
906 260
4 Russia
50 235
706 377
5
Uzbekistan
4 574
7 490
1 684
1 580
Total:
306 722 2 314 622
5 Uzbekistan
Total:
163 692 1 377 942
Commodity circulation of Tajikistan with SCO countries composed in 2013 more
than 2 billion 621 million USD,
For last 6 months of 2014 composed more then 1 billion 542 million USD. 11
Livestock
Livestock is main part of the agrarian sector of Tajikistan and
providing population with meat, and milk, animal fat, eggs,
honey, fish; provides industry with raw materials, skin, wool,
karakuls, fluff, etc. Livestock based on total production of the
agriculture products takes second place after crop production
sector;
More than 2,1 million head of big cattle 4,9 million head of
sheep and goat, more than 5,0 million head of all type of
poultries and 78,0 thousand head of the horses exist in the
country ;
The value of the livestock sector production in overall value of
the GDP the agriculture consist of 31,5 percent. Each year the
country produces more than 175 thousand MT of meat, 828
thousand MT of milk, 3510 MT of honey, 344 million pcs of
eggs, 1723 MT catching of fish and 6,6 thousand MT of wool;12
Poultry, Apiculture and Fishery
Poultry: Starting from 2007, poultry is developing with high speed. Now 51 poultry enterprises are
functioning in the country. According to the statistic data in all categories of the poultry enterprises there are 2,1
million head of poultries up to 01.01.2014 .
It is indicated, that with involving of local and foreign investment brought and launched modern technology in
production from Iran, Turkey, Ukraine, and Russian Federation in 12 poultry enterprises. The poultry holders
of the country engaging holding quails and partridges, their meat and eggs are using as dietary cookery.
Apiculture: Currently in the country is being breed more than 196 of thousand bee families and
each year are being producing more than 3510 MT of honey. Each year, in order to improve the sector in the
framework of Apiculture Improvement programm are imported 500-600 bee family from the Russian
Federation.
Generally the country has resources of nectariferous crops, which it is allows to breed more than 800 bee
families, which can be harvest 18 thousand MT of honey per year and huge quantity of the other products will
follow strengthening export potential of the country.
Each year in all regions of the country are organizing national fair and competitions«HONEY DAY».
Fishery: Tajikistan according to the availability of the fresh water is taking one of the main place in
the world. 63 percent of the fresh water out Central Asia ,exists in Tajikistan. 1300 natural pools, 8 big water
reservoirs, 6 big river, 5 big glaciers with total value 414 sq. км are located in the country. Fishery is one of
the high income sector in Tajikistan.
Currently 2 governmental and 190 dehkan fishery farms are functioning in the country. There is indicated
that today Tajikistan is using only 17% of available potential, but need of the country is 14 thousand MT.
In future Tajikistan has potential to produce up to 300 thousand MT of the fishery products based on existing
value of the water resources.
13
Implementation results of the Governmental
Programms on livestock sector
Egg production
Meat production
400
134.3
150.0
143.2
150.7
162.0
173.0
100.0
343.7
350
Thousand MT
Thousand MT
200.0
50.0
291.6
300
250
200
231.9
254.7
188.5
150
100
50
0
0.0
2009
2009
2010
2011
2012
778.3
629.7
2009
660.8
2011
2012
2013
Honey production
4000
828.2
3500
695.9
3000
тонн
Thousand MT
Milk production
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2010
2013
2700
3283
2967
2935
2010
2011
3511
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2010
2011
2012
2013
2009
2012
2013
14
Collaboration in the sphere of Agro technician with the
member countries of SCO
 In order to improve collaboration on provision of agriculture machineries and
equipments in one frame of collaboration with SCO countries many tajik companies such
as: SUE «Madad», NSUE «Tajikagrolizing», OJSC«Agrotechservis» and OSC «Madadi
Tursunzoda» are collaborating with
Russian companies such as: «Rostselmash»,
«Аgromashkholding», «Agroremradiator» and «Gryazokultivator», China companies:
«YUTO», «DIFUN»;
 During the collaboration with above mentioned companies to RT were delivered : from
the Russian Federation more than 300 unit, from China 1100 unit of agriculture machines
and equipments;
 It is necessary to indicate that in 2014 SUE «Madad» in collaboration with Chinese
company «Difun» has jointly established “Center on provision of the services and repairing
agriculture machines»;
 In agrarian sector of the country there exist: 19,7 thousand tractors,; 780 cereal
harvesting combines; 6,4 thousand ploughs and 1,7 тthousand seeding machines;
Need of Tajikistan for agriculture machines and equipments :
-
Universal tractors-11 065 unit;
Tillable tractors -10 959 unit;
3 wheels (inter-row cultivation) - 6770 unit;
combine harvester -1 890 units
Seeding machine – 4 890 units.
15
Dear participants of the business forum
The present meeting of the members of SCO will be the place for
decision making, and gives for Tajikistan an impulse in achieving the
food security.
During the short period the SCO was able to solve a lot of
problems generated during the decade, improve the cooperation
between the member states and move the collaboration to the
advanced level, thus became acknowledged in the region the world.
The cooperation and collaboration between the member states has
an great value in effective implementation of tasks and goals set for
the agrarian sector as well as achieving the food security.
Taking in to the consideration the fact that Tajikistan is an
agrarian country, the investment to the agriculture sector in not
enough and sufficient, thus it requires an attraction of mutually
profitable investments from SCO member states which will allow and
force to strengthen and improve the export capacity of the country in
nearest years and achieve the food security.
16
Thank you for your
attention!!!
17
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