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Welcome
Presentation
Office of the Registrar General, India
Ministry of Home Affairs
Housing, Household Amenities and Assets
- Key Results from Census 2011
DR C CHANDRAMOULI
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS
Objective
- prepare an unambiguous frame for Population
Enumeration
- collect data on housing, amenities and assets
Carried out during April- September 2010
Challenges – Diverse & Vast
Large
Population
Multi-level
Multi-Ethnic
• 2.4% of worlds surface area
• 1.2 bn population
• 2nd largest in the world
• 0.6 million villages
• 7933 Towns
• 4,635 ethnic groups
• 80,000 Segments, Synonyms and Titles
Challenges – Diverse & Vast
Multi-cultural
Difficult
people
Difficult
Areas
• 2875 religions and other persuasions
• 18 languages (training); 16 languages (canvassing);
6661 mother tongues
• Nomads, Homeless, Forest/Island Dwellers
• Infants, Elderly women, Disabled
• Disturbed civil conditions
• Inaccessible terrain
Census 2011 Process
House to house
canvassing
Scanning
Data
Dissemination
Database/
Tabulation
Manual completion of
unrecognized characters
Image based
Recognition (ICR)
Image validation
DATA COLLECTION
• 35 items of information
collected
• 27 lakh Census functionaries
• 1.5 crore Schedules processed
• 16 languages
• ICR technology used for data
processing
• Houselisting and Housing
Census excluded houseless
households.
The data on amenities and assets
covers normal households only and
excludes Institutional households
Key Results ….
HOUSING - QUANTITY
• Increase of 8 cr Census houses from 25 cr to 33 cr
(T-33%;R-24%; U 54%)
• Increase of 6 cr Census houses used as residential and partly
residential purposes from 19 cr to 25 cr
(T- 31 %; R- 23%; U- 51%)
• Though figures of houseless population and infirm structures
would be required for making accurate estimation of housing
shortage, the trend seems to be a reducing one.
Census Houses – India 2011
(In crore)
Census Houses
Total
Rural
Urban
Total
33.1
22.1
11.0
Occupied
30.6
20.7
9.9
23.6
16.0
7.6
Residential-cum-other
uses
0.9
0.6
0.2
Non-residential
6.2
4.1
2.1
2.5
1.4
1.1
24.7
16.8
7.9
Residential
Vacant
Number of households
Variation in the Number of Census
Houses – India 2001 & 2011
(In crore)
Total
Rural
2001
Variat
2011
2001
ion %
Varia
2011
tion 2001
%
Varia
2011
tion
%
24.9
33.1
32.8
17.8
22.1
24.3
7.2
11.0
53.8
23.3
30.6
31.3
16.8
20.7
23.1
6.5
9.9
52.1
Used as residence
17.9
23.6
31.7
12.9
16.0
23.9
5.0
7.6
51.6
Used as residencecum-other use
0.8
0.9
8.8
0.6
0.6
3.3
0.2
0.2
23.3
18.7
24.5
30.7
13.5
16.6
23.0
5.2
7.8
51.0
Census House
Number of census
houses
Occupied census
houses
Housing stock
Urban
Number of Households and the
Housing Stock – India 1991-2011
30
Gap in Housing Stock
25
20
15
24.7
10
19.2
15.1
24.5
18.7
14.7
5
0
1991
2001
Households
Housing Stock
2011
(In crore)
The gap between households and housing stock is
narrowing
HOUSING - QUALITY
• Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/
Wood/ Mud/Tiles as material of roof (T-16 pt; R-17 pt; U -9 pt)
• Increase in proportion of households using GI/Metal/Asbestos sheets
and Concrete (T- 14 pt; R- 13 pt; U- 9.7 pt)
• Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/
Mud/Un burnt Brick as material of Wall (T- 9 pt; R-10 pt; U- 5 pt)
• Increase in proportion of households using Burnt Brick and Stone
(T- 10 pt; R- 9 pt; U - 4 pt)
• Decline in proportion of households using Mud as material of floor
(T- 11 pt; R- 10 pt; U – 6 pt)
Substantial improvement in Quality of Housing
Households by Material of Roof – India
1991 - 2011
HHs (in %)
Material of roof
1991
2001
2011
Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo/Wood/ Mud,
etc
31.3
21.9
15.0
Tiles
36.1
32.6
23.8
Hand made tiles
NA
NA
14.5
Machine made tiles
NA
NA
9.3
GI/ Metal/ Asbestos sheets
8.6
11.6
15.9
Concrete
10.8
19.8
29.0
Others
13.2
14.1
16.3
Proportion
of HHs (%)
Households by Material of Roof
– India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)
Material
Rural
Urban
2001
2011
Change
2001
2011 Change
Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/
Wood/Mud
27.7
20.0
-7.7
7.0
4.6
-2.4
Tiles:
37.6
28.7
-8.9
19.7
13.2
-6.5
Hand made tiles
NA
18.3
NA
6.2
Machine made tiles
NA
10.4
NA
7.0
G. I. / Metal/ Asbestos
sheets
9.8
15.9
6.1
16.1
15.9
0.2
Concrete
11.0
18.3
7.3
42.4
51.9
9.5
Others
14.0
17.1
3.1
14.8
14.4
-0.4
Households by Material of Wall
- India 1991 - 2011
HHs (in %)
Material of wall
1991
2001
2011
Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo, etc
10.3
10.2
9.0
Mud/ Un-burnt bricks
41.5
32.2
23.7
Stone
10.1
9.4
14.2
Packed with mortar
NA
NA
10.8
Not packed with mortar
NA
NA
3.4
Burnt brick
34.2
43.7
47.5
Others
3.9
4.5
5.7
Proportion
of HHs (%)
Households by Material of Wall
– India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)
Material
Rural
Urban
2001
2011
Change
2001
Grass/Thatch/Bamboo
12.6
11.9
-0.7
3.9
Mud/ Un-burnt bricks
39.7
30.5
-9.2
12.8
9.3
-3.5
Stone
10.5
13.6
3.1
6.7
15.0
8.3
Packed with
mortar
NA
10.0
NA
NA
12.3
NA
Not packed with
mortar
NA
3.6
NA
NA
2.7
NA
34.2
40.0
5.8
68.0
63.5
-4.5
3.0
3.9
0.9
8.6
9.5
0.9
Burnt brick
Others
2011 Change
2.7
-1.2
Material of Floor
HHs (in %)
Material of floor
1991
2001
2011
67.0
57.1
46.5
-
5.8
8.1
Cement
21.3
26.5
31.1
Mosaic/ Floor tiles
3.8
7.3
10.8
Others
7.9
3.3
3.5
Mud
Stone
Material of Floor
7.9
3.8
3.3
7.3
80%
21.3
26.5
70%
0
100%
90%
Proportion
of HHs (%)
3.5
10.8
31.1
5.8
60%
8.1
50%
40%
67
57.1
30%
46.5
20%
10%
0%
1991
Mud
Stone
2001
Cement
2011
Mosaic/ Floor tiles
Rest
Households by Material of Floor
– India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)
Material
Rural
2001
Urban
2011 Change 2001 2011 Change
72.3
62.6
-9.7
18.0
12.2
-5.8
4.5
6.2
1.7
9.1
12.2
3.1
18.0
24.2
6.2
48.3
45.8
-2.5
Mosaic/ Floor tiles
2.2
3.7
1.5
20.5
25.9
5.4
Others
3.0
3.2
0.2
4.1
3.8
-0.3
Mud
Stone
Cement
HOUSING - QUALITY
• Decline in proportion of households having no exclusive room
and 1 room (T – 1 pts; U – 2 pt)
• Increase in proportion of households having 2 and 3 rooms (T
– 2 pts; R – 1 pt; U – 2 pt)
• Increase in the number of households with 1 to 4 members and
decline in 5 and above members
• Decrease in proportion of households with 3 or more Married
Couples (T - 1 pt; R – 1; U – No change)
• 87% of the households live in own houses
Distribution of Households by Number of Rooms
HHs (in %)
No. of rooms
2001
2011
Total
Rural
Urban
Total
Rural
Urban
No exclusive room
3.1
3.4
2.3
3.9
4.3
3.1
One room
38.5
39.8
35.1
37.1
39.4
32.1
Two rooms
30.0
30.2
29.5
31.7
32.2
30.6
Three rooms
14.3
13.3
17.1
14.5
12.7
18.4
Four rooms
7.5
7.0
8.7
7.5
6.6
9.3
Five rooms
2.9
2.8
3.3
2.6
2.3
3.3
Six rooms and above
3.7
3.6
4.0
2.8
2.5
3.3
38.5
39.8
35.1
45.0
30.0
30.2
29.5
40.0
35.0
30.0
14.4
13.3
17.1
25.0
5.0
3.1
3.4
2.3
10.0
7.5
7.0
8.7
15.0
Households by
Number of
Rooms (%)
6.6
6.3
7.3
20.0
0.0
One room Two rooms Three rooms Four rooms Five rooms
& above
INDIA 2001
Urban
45.0
40.0
35.0
31.7
32.2
30.6
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
5.4
4.8
6.6
25.0
7.5
6.6
9.3
30.0
14.5
12.7
18.4
Rural
37.1
39.4
32.1
Total
3.9
4.3
3.1
No
exclusive
room
0.0
No
exclusive
room
One room Two rooms
Total
Rural
Three
rooms
Urban
Four rooms Five rooms
& above
INDIA 2011
Distribution of Households by Household Size India
HHs (in %)
Household Size
Total
Rural
Urban
2001
2011
2001
2011
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0 100.0
1
3.6
3.7
3.5
3.7
3.7
3.6
2
8.2
9.7
8.2
9.8
8.2
9.5
3
11.1
13.6
10.4
12.6
12.7
15.9
4
19.0
22.7
17.7
21.0
22.4
26.4
5
18.7
18.8
18.5
18.9
19.2
18.5
6-8
28.1
24.9
29.6
26.9
24.4
20.6
9+
11.3
6.6
12.2
7.2
9.3
5.4
All Households
2001
2011
100.0
28.1
29.6
35.0
19.0
17.7
10.0
5.0
24.4
Households by
Household
Size (%)
11.4
12.2
9.3
8.2
8.2
8.2
15.0
11.1
10.5
12.7
20.0
3.6
3.5
3.8
3
4
HH - Size
5
6-8
9+
INDIA 2001
30.0
20.0
18.8
18.9
18.5
25.0
15.0
20.6
26.4
24.9
26.9
Urban
22.7
21.0
6.6
7.2
5.5
Rural
13.7
12.6
15.9
Total
9.7
9.8
9.6
2
10.0
5.0
3.7
3.7
3.6
1
HH (%)
HH (%)
25.0
18.7
18.5
19.2
22.4
30.0
1
2
3
Total
4
HH - Size
Rural
Urban
5
6-8
9+
INDIA 2011
Number of Married Couples in a Household
HHs (in %)
No. of married
couples
Total
Rural
Urban
2001
2011
2001
2011
2001
2011
None
11.1
11.6
10.5
11.1
12.6
12.7
1
70.3
70.1
69.3
69.6
73.0
71.2
2
13.5
14.1
14.6
14.9
10.8
12.6
3
3.6
3.2
4.0
3.4
2.7
2.9
4
1.0
0.7
1.1
0.8
0.7
0.6
5+
0.5
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
Distribution of Households by Tenure Status
(in %)
Status
1991
2001
2011
Total
86.3
86.7
86.6
Rural
94.6
94.4
94.7
Urban
63.1
66.8
69.2
Total
11.8
10.5
11.1
Rural
4.0
3.6
3.4
Urban
34.1
28.5
27.5
Total
1.8
2.8
2.4
Rural
1.5
2.1
1.9
Urban
2.8
4.7
3.3
Owned
Rented
Others
Distribution of Households by
Tenure Status - Owned
Household Amenities
AMENITIES
• Drinking Water:

87% of households using Tap, Tube well, Hand pump and
Covered well as source of drinking water

32% households using Tap water from treated sources

47% of households have source of water within the premises
(R – 35%; U – 71%)

36% of households have to fetch water from a source located
within 500 m in rural areas/100 m in urban areas

18% still fetch drinking water from a source located more
than 500 m away in rural areas or 100 m in urban areas
Drinking Water Sources
Number of
Households
(in crore)
Percentage
10.74
43.5
(a) From treated sources
7.89
32.0
(b) From un-treated sources
2.85
11.6
2.72
11.0
(a) Covered well
0.38
1.6
(b) Un-covered well
2.33
9.4
3. Hand pump
8.25
33.5
4. Tube well / Borehole
2.09
8.5
5.All others
0.86
3.5
Sources
1. Tap:
2. Well
RANKING : TAP
Main Sources of Drinking Water- INDIA 2011
8.48
3.48
31.97
33.48
11.57
9.44
Tap (treated)
Uncovered Well
Others
Tap (untreated)
Hand pump
1.58
Covered Well
Tube well / Borehole
Selected Drinking Water Sources
India 2011
HHs (in %)
Tap Water
Hand
Pump
Covered
well
Tube well /
Borehole
Total
43.5
33.5
1.6
8.5
Rural
30.8
43.6
1.5
8.3
Urban
70.6
11.9
1.7
8.9
Distribution of Households by
Major Sources of Drinking Water
(HH in %)
Hand pump &
Tube-well
Total/
Rural/
Urban
1991
2001
2011
1991
2001
2011
1991
2001
2011
Total
32.3
36.7
43.5
30.0
41.2
42.0
32.2
18.2
11.0
Rural
20.6
24.3
30.8
34.9
48.9
51.9
38.0
22.2
13.3
Urban
65.1
68.7
70.6
16.3
21.4
20.8
15.9
7.7
6.2
Rural –
Urban
Diff.
44.5
44.4
39.8
-18.6
-27.5
-31.1
-22.1
-14.5
-7.1
Tap
Well
Source of Drinking Water
Tap, Hand pump & Well
Proportion
of HHs (%)
50.00
43.50
45.00
40.00
35.00
30.00
42.00
41.20
36.70
32.30
32.20
30.00
25.00
20.00
18.20
15.00
10.00
11.00
5.00
1991
2001
Tap
Hand pump/ Borehole
2011
Well
Distribution of Households by
Source of Drinking Water – Tap
Distribution of Households by
Source of Drinking Water
– Hand pump & Tube well
Access to Drinking Water Source - India
(HH in %)
TRU
Within premises
Near *
Away @
2001
2011
2001
2011
2001
2011
Total
39.0
46.6
44.3
35.8
16.7
17.6
Rural
28.0
35.0
51.8
42.9
19.5
22.1
Urban
65.4
71.2
25.2
20.7
9.4
8.0
R-U Diff
37.4
36.2
-26.6
-22.2
-10.1
-14.1
*: ‘Near’- Within 500 metres in rural areas or within 100 metres in urban areas
@: ‘Away’- 500 metres or beyond in rural areas or 100 metres or beyond in
urban areas
AMENITIES
• Main source of lighting

67% households use electricity (R – 55%; U- 93%)

Increase of 11pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt)

Rural Urban difference reduced by 7 pts from 44 pts in 2001
to 37 pts in 2011

31% of households use Kerosene (R – 43%; U- 7%)

Decline of 12 pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt)
Main Source of Lighting, 2011 India
RANKING :
ELECTRICITY
Source of
lighting
Households
(in crore)
Percentage
Electricity
16.58
67.3
Kerosene
7.75
31.4
Solar energy
0.11
0.4
Other Oil
0.05
0.2
Any Other
0.05
0.2
No lighting
0.11
0.5
Main Source of Lighting - INDIA 2011
1%
0% 0%
Proportion
of HHs (%)
1%
31%
67%
Electricity
Kerosene
Solar Energy
Other Oil
Any Other
No Lighting
Households having Electricity
as Main Source of Lighting - India
(HH in %)
Change
(pts)
Electricity
1991
2001
2011
2001-11
Total
42.4
55.9
67.3
11.4
Rural
27.2
43.5
55.3
11.8
Urban
64.8
87.6
92.7
5.1
R-U Diff
37.6
44.1
37.4
Households using Electricity as
Source of Lighting
AMENITIES

Bathing facility:

58% households have bathing facility (R – 45%;U – 87%)

Increase of 22 pts over 2001 ( R -22 pts; U – 17 pts)

Rural-Urban difference reduced by 26 pts from 48 pts in
2001 to 22 pts in 2011
Households Having Bathing Facility Within
the Premises - 2011 India
(in %)
Having bathing facility within premises
Have facility
Does not
have facility
Bathroom
Enclosure
without roof
Total
42.0
16.4
41.6
Rural
25.4
19.7
55.0
Urban
77.5
9.5
13.0
Households Having Bathing Facility Within
the Premises - India
(HH in %)
Have bathing facility
Change (pts)
2001
2011
2001-11
Total
36.1
58.4
22.3
Rural
22.8
45.0
22.2
Urban
70.4
87.0
16.6
R-U Diff
47.6
22.0
AMENITIES
• Drainage connectivity:

51% households have drainage facility (R – 37%;U – 82%)

18% households have closed drainage (R – 6%;U – 45%)

33% households have open drainage (R – 31%;U – 37%)

49% households have no drainage facility (R– 63%; U – 18%)

5 pt decline in households having no drainage (R–3 pt;U – 4 pt)

Rural-Urban difference in no drainage increased by 1 pt from 44
pt in 2001 to 45 pts in 2011
Households Having Drainage Connectivity
- India : 2001 & 2011
(HH in %)
Have facility
Closed drainage
Open drainage
No drainage
2001
2011
2001
2011
2001
2011
Total
12.5
18.1
33.9
33.0
53.6
48.9
Rural
3.9
5.8
30.3
31.0
65.8
63.3
Urban
34.5
44.5
43.4
37.3
22.1
18.2
Rural-Urban Diff.
30.6
38.7
13.1
6.3
-43.7
-45.1
AMENITIES

Latrine within premises:

47% households have latrine facility (R – 31%;U – 81%)

36% households have water closet (R – 19%;U – 73%)

9% households have pit latrine (R – 11%;U – 7%)

1% households have other types of latrine (R– 1%; U – 2%)

11 pt decline in households having no latrine (R–9 pt;U –8 pt
Households having latrine facility within the
premises - 2011 India
Number of
Households
(in crore)
HHs having latrine
facility within
premises (%)
11.57
100.0
8.99
77.6
2.95
25.4
(ii) Septic tank
5.48
47.3
(iii) Other system
0.56
4.9
2.33
20.0
(i) With slab/ ventilated
1.88
16.2
(ii) Without slab/ Open pit
0.45
3.8
c. Night soil disposed into open drain
0.13
1.1
d. Service latrine
0.13
1.1
0.08
0.7
0.05
0.4
Sources
1. Have latrine facility
a. Flush/ pour flush connected to
(i) Piped water system
b. Pit latrine
(i) Night soil removed by human
(ii) Night soil serviced by animal
RANKING :
LATRINE WITHIN
PREMISES
Households Having Latrine Facility
India : 2001 & 2011
(HH in %)
Have latrine facility within
premises
Do not have latrine
facility within
premises
2001
2011
2001
2011
Total
36.4
46.9
63.6
53.0
Rural
21.9
30.7
78.1
69.3
Urban
73.7
81.4
26.3
18.6
Rural-Urban Diff.
51.8
50.7
-51.8
-50.7
Households having No Latrine Facility
- India : 2001 & 2011
AMENITIES

Kitchen

61% households have Kitchen facility (R – 53%;U – 79%)

56% households have Kitchen facility within premises (R –
45%;U – 78%)

6% households have Kitchen facility outside premises (R –
7%;U – 2%).
Households Having Separate Kitchen
2011, India
(HH in %)
Availability of kitchen
Total
Rural
Urban
Total
100.0
100.0
100.00
1. Cooking inside house:
87.3
83.3
93.0
(a) Has kitchen
55.8
45.4
70.3
(b) Does not have kitchen
31.5
37.9
22.7
12.4
16.4
6.5
(a) Has kitchen
5.5
7.3
3.0
(b) Does not have kitchen
6.8
9.1
3.5
0.3
0.2
0.5
2. Cooking outside house
3. No cooking
RANKING : HAS
KITCHEN
AMENITIES
•
Fuel Used for Cooking

67% households use firewood/crop residue, cow dung
cake/coal etc (R –87%;U – 26%)

29% households use LPG/PNG/Electricity/Biogas (R –
12%;U – 66%)

3% households use Kerosene (R – 1%;U – 8%)

Increase of 11 pts in use of LPG (R – 6 pt; U – 17 pt)
Fuel used for Cooking
2011 India
Fuel used for cooking
Total
Rural
Urban
2001
2011
2001
2011
2001
2011
1. Fire-wood
52.5
49.0
64.1
62.5
22.7
20.1
2. Crop residue
10.0
8.9
13.1
12.3
2.1
1.4
3. Cow dung cake
9.8
8.0
12.8
10.9
2.0
1.7
4. Coal, Lignite,
Charcoal
2.0
1.4
1.1
0.8
4.6
2.9
5. Kerosene
6.5
2.9
1.6
0.7
19.2
7.5
6. LPG/ PNG
17.5
28.5
5.7
11.4
48.0
65.0
7. Electricity
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2
8. Biogas
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
9. Any other
0.6
0.5
0.8
0.6
0.2
0.2
10. No cooking
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.5
RANKING :
FIREWOOD
RANKING :
LPG/PNG
Coal,
Lignite,
Biogas,
0.41
Charcoal, 1.45
Kerosene, 2.9
Electricity, 0.1
Any other, 0.48
Cow dung cake,
7.95
Crop residue,
8.85
Fire-wood, 48.98
LPG/ PNG, 28.55
Households by Fuel Used for Cooking
Fire-wood
LPG/ PNG
Crop residue
Cow dung cake
Kerosene
Coal, Lignite, Charcoal
Biogas
Electricity
Any other
India 2011
Households using Firewood
as Fuel Used in Cooking
Households using LPG/PNG
as Fuel Used in Cooking
Household Assets
Households Availing Banking Services
India 2001 & 2011 Census
Number of HHs
(in crore)
Percentages
2001
2011
2001
2011
Total
6.82
14.48
35.54
58.70
Rural
4.16
9.14
30.11
54.44
Urban
2.66
5.34
49.52
67.77
19.4
13.3
Availing banking services
R – U Difference
ASSETS
• Radio/Transistor:

20% households have Radio/Transistor (R – 17%;U – 25%)

Decrease of 15 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 19 pt)
• Television:

47% households have Television (R – 33%;U –77%)

Increase of 16 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 12 pt)
Households Possessing Assets
Radio/Transistor:
4.9 crore (19.9%)
households
Rural – 17.3% & Urban – 25.3%)
(Decreased by T: 15.2 pts; R: 14.2;
U: 19.2)
Television:
11.7 crore (47.2%)
households
Rural – 33.4% & Urban – 76.7%)
(Increased by T: 15.6 pts; R: 14.5;
U: 12.4)
ASSETS
• Computer/Laptop:
• About 20% households in urban areas and 5% in rural areas
possess the asset
• Computer/Laptop:
• 9% households have Computer/laptop (R -5%; U – 19%)
• 3% households have Internet (R -1%; U – 8%)
• 6% households have no internet (R-4%; U-10%)
Household Possessing Assets: Computer
– India 2011 Census
(HH in %)
Assets
Total
Rural
Computer:
9.5
5.2
18.7
Computer/Laptop - With Internet
3.1
0.7
8.3
Computer/Laptop - Without
Internet
6.4
4.5
10.4
RANKING :
COMPUTER
Urban
ASSETS
• Telephone
•

63% households have Telephone (R – 54%;U – 82%)

Increase of 54 pts (R – 51 pt;U – 59 pt)
Mobile phone:

59% households have Mobile Telephone (R – 51%;U – 76%)
Households Possessing Assets
Telephone/Mobile - India
(HH in %)
Assets
Telephone/Mobile:
Landline only
Mobile only
Both
RANKING :
MOBILE
Total
Rural
Urban
63.2
54.4
82.0
4.0
3.1
6.0
53.2
48.0
64.3
6.0
3.3
11.7
Assets Possessed by Households
Mobile Phones
ASSETS
• 4 Wheelers (Car/Jeep/Van)

5% households have 4 Wheelers (R – 2%;U – 10%)

Increase of 2 pts (R – 1 pt;U – 4 pt)
• 2 Wheelers (Scooter/Motorcycle/Moped)

21% households have 2 Wheelers (R – 14%;U – 35%)

Increase of 9 pts (R – 8 pt;U – 11pt)
• Bicycle

45% households have Bicycles (R – 46%;U – 42%)

Increase of 1 pts (R – 3 pt;U – (-) 4 pt)
Bicycle:
11.1 crore (44.8%) households
(Rural – 46.2% & Urban – 42%)
(Increase by T: 1.1 pts; R: 3.4; U: - 4.0)
Car/Jeep/ Van:
1.1 crore (4.7%) households
(Rural – 2.3% & Urban – 9.8%)
(Increased by T: 2.1 pts; R: 1.0; U: 4.1)
Scooter/Motor Cycle/Moped:
5.2 crore (21.0%) households
(Rural – 14.3% & Urban – 35.2%)
(Increased by T: 21.0 pts; R: 14.3; U: 35.2)
Assets Possessed by Households
Computer with Internet
ASSETS
•
No asset

18% households do not have any of the specified assets
(R – 23%;U –7%)

Decrease of 7 pts (R – 22 pts; U – 26 pt)
Households Possessing None of the
Specified Assets - India
None of the specified assets
Change (pts)
2001
2011
2001-11
Total
34.5
17.8
-16.9
Rural
40.5
22.9
-17.6
Urban
19.0
7.0
-12.0
R-U Diff
-21.5
-15.9
RANKING :
NONE OF THE
ASSETS
Households not Possessing any of the
Specified Assets
For more details visit:
censusindia.gov.in
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