Diamond, How Good a Democracy is the US

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Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Rates the comparative state of
democracy around the globe based on
five categories:
•
Electoral Process and Pluralism
•
Functioning of Government
•
Political Participation
•
Political Culture
•
Civil Liberties
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
•
Based on 60 indicators grouped into five
categories
•
Uses combination of dichotomous and threepoint scoring systems to create values for
each indicator
–
Employs wide range of public opinion surveys
and sources, including:
•
•
•
•
World Values Survey
Gallup polls
Euro-, Afro-, Asian, and Latin American
Barometer reports
Various national surveys
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Electoral Process and Pluralism
•
Example: Are elections for the national legislature and
head of government free?
– Considers whether elections are competitive in that
electors are free to vote and are offered a range of
choices.
EIU Scores
1: Unrestricted conditions for presentation of candidates
(i.e. no bans on major parties)
0.5: Some restrictions on electoral process
0: Single-party system or major impediments to
electoral process (i.e. ban on major party or candidate)
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Electoral Process and Pluralism
•
Are elections for the national legislature and head of
government free?
•
Are municipal elections both free and fair?
•
Is there universal suffrage for all adults?
•
Can citizens cast their vote free of significant threats to their
security from state or non-state bodies?
•
Are citizens free to form political parties that are independent
of the government?
•
Following elections, are the constitutional mechanisms for the
orderly transfer of power from one government to another
clear, established and accepted?
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Functioning of Government
•
Do freely elected representatives determine government policy?
•
Is there an effective system of checks and balances on the exercise
of government authority?
•
Is government free of undue influence by the military or other
security services?
•
Is the functioning of government open and transparent, with
sufficient public access to information?
•
How pervasive is corruption?
•
How confident is the public in public servants and political
parties?
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Political Participation and Political Culture
•
What percent of the eligible population votes?
•
Do minorities have reasonable autonomy and
voice in the political process?
•
Is there sufficient societal consensus to
underpin stable, functioning democracy?
•
Do authorities make a serious effort to promote
political participation?
Economist Intelligence Unit
Democracy Index
Civil Liberties
•
Is there free print and electronic media?
•
Do institutions provide citizens with opportunity to
successfully petition government to redress grievances?
•
Is the judiciary independent from outside influence?
•
Is there widespread religious freedom and tolerance?
•
Are all citizens protected equally under the law?
•
Is private property protected and business free from undue
government influence?
Overall Democracy Score
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9
8
EUI Score
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
9.8
9.52
9.22
8.34
8.11
8.08
8.06
7.79
7.54
7.3
7.12
7.12
Overall Democracy Score - Selected Countries
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9.8
9.22
9
8.34
8.11
8
7.79
7.54
Overall EIU Score
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States
South Africa
Chile
Electoral Process
10
10
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9.58
9.58
9.17
8.75
9
8
7
EUI Score
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States
South Africa
Chile
Functioning of Government
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9.64
8.93
9
8.21
8
8.21
8.57
7.5
7
EUI Score
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States
South Africa
Chile
Political Participation
10
10
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
9
7.78
8
7.22
7.22
6.67
7
EUI Score
6
5
3.89
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
Political Culture
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9.38
9.38
9
8.13
8.13
8
7
6.25
6.25
EUI Score
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
Civil Liberties
10
10
Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011
10
9.41
9.12
9
8.53
8.53
United States
South Africa
8
7
EUI Score
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
Chile
Complete EIU Governance Scores
10
10 10 10
9.8
9.64
9.38
9
10
9.22
10
9.38
9.58
9.58
9.12
8.93
8.34 8.21
8.13
7.78
8
7
9.41
9.17
8.11
8.53
8.13
7.5
7.22
8.75
8.57
8.53
8.21
7.79
7.22
7.54
6.67
6.25
6.25
Overall Democracy Score
EIU Score
6
Electoral Process
5
3.89
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
Functioning of
Government
Political Participation
Political Culture
The State of American Democracy
Economist Intelligence Unit – Democracy Index 2011
10
9.17
9
8.53
8.13
8.11
8
7.5
7.22
7
EIU Score
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Overall
Electoral Process
Democracy Score
Functioning of
Government
Political
Participation
Political Culture
Civil Liberties
World Justice Project
Rule of Law Index
Comprehensive measurement of the extent to which
countries adhere to practical rule of law across 66
countries based on eight dimensions:
•
Limited government powers
•
Absence of corruption
•
Order and security
•
Fundamental rights
•
Open government
•
Effective regulatory enforcement
•
Access to civil justice
•
Effective criminal justice
WJP Rule of Law Index
Limited Government | Absence of Corruption
10
9.1
9.1
9
8.5
8.6
8.1
8.3
7.8
8
7.7
7.3
7.3
7
Component Score
6.2
6.1
6
Limited
Government
Powers
Absence of
Corruption
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States
South Africa
Chile
WJP Rule of Law Index
Order and Security | Fundamental Rights
10
9.3
9
9
8.8
8.7
8.3
8.4
8.6
8
7.4
7.3
Component Score
7
6.5
6
6.7
5.5
5
Order and
Security
4
Fundamental
Rights
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
WJP Rule of Law Index
Open Government | Effective Regulatory Enforcement
10
9
8
8.6
7.4
7.6
7.8
7.7
7.3
Component Score
7
7.2
7
6.3 6.4
6
5.6
5.9
5
Open
Government
4
Effective
Regulatory
Enforcement
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
WJP Rule of Law Index
Access to Civil Justice | Effective Criminal Justice
10
9
8.6
8.1
7.9 7.8
8
7.4
6.9
6.7
7
Component Score
6.3
6
6.5
6
5.6
5.9
5
Access to
Civil Justice
4
Effective
Criminal
Justice
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States South Africa
Chile
WJP Rule of Law Index
Average of Component Scores
10
9
8.65
7.95
8
8.04
Average Component Score
7.30
6.78
7
5.93
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Norway
Australia
Germany
United States
South Africa
Chile
The State of American Democracy
WJP Rule of Law Global Percentile Ranking
100
90
80
76
82
80
74
77
71
68
Percentile Ranking
70
70
60
50
US Global
Percentile
Ranking
40
30
20
10
0
Limited
Government
Absence of
Corruption
Order and
Security
Fundamental
Rights
Open
Government
Effective
Access to Civil
Regulatory
Justice
Enforcement
Effective
Criminal
Justice
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