USAT Referee Development Program Seminar

USAT Referee Development
Program Seminar
Rev. 24—3/1/15
Today’s Agenda
 Competition Rules
 USAT Referee Development Program
 Fundamentals of Refereeing
 Competition Basics
 Corner Judge Duties and Responsibilities
 Prohibited Acts
 Referee Duties and Responsibilities
 Junior Competition Rules
 TA Duties and Responsibilities
 Video Replay
 Other Things You Should Know
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Today’s Agenda
 Practical
 Hand Signals Practice
 Scoring Practice
 Match Practice
 Questions and Answers
 Written Exam
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Referee Development Program
 Mission
 To develop USAT Referees at all levels
through education, standardization and
practical application.
 To certify and promote referees using a
systematic approach based on participation
and merit.
 To ensure a fair competition environment for
athletes in pursuit of competitive excellence.
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Section 1:
Fundamentals of Refereeing
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What is the referee’s job?
From WTF’s Foundations of Refereeing:
There are general principles which the referee
in any sport must fully understand and
adhere to. These principles:
 Protect the integrity of the competition
 Protect the physical safety and the trust of
the competitors.
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Referee responsibilities
 Number One responsibility is the safety of
the competitors.
 The referee is there to ensure fair play, and
manage the competition fairly. This enables
both players to perform at the best of their
 Good refereeing is based on common
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Remember Three Fundamentals!
 Safety
 Fairness
 Common sense
Everything you do as a referee relates back to
these basic principles.
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Qualities of a Good Referee
 Integrity
 Confidence
 Decisiveness
 Consistency
 Calmness under pressure
 Thorough knowledge of the Competition Rules
 In-depth understanding of the evolving game
 Wisdom and experience to apply the Competition
Rules correctly
 Strong sense of motivation
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More Qualities of a Good Referee
 Excellent communication skills
 Ability to observe what’s happening
 Respect for
 Players
 Coaches
 Tournament staff — volunteers, medical,
security, Organizing Committee
 Fellow referees
 Sense of teamwork
 Good physical condition
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Developing “Ring Presence”
 Good physical presentation
 Grooming
 Attire
 Attitude (see “Qualities”)
 Physical poise
 Posture
 Balance
 Graceful movement
 Precise hand signals
 Focus
 Authoritative voice
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Game Day!
 Dressed for the occasion
 Black suit, white shirt, red tie (Team Trials)
 Official USAT Referee Polo shirt (Qualifiers and
National events)
 White TKD or athletic shoes
 No watches or jewelry in the ring
 Well-groomed
 Well-rested — no late-nights until after the event
 On time — even better, early
 No cell phones in the ring!
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Section 2:
Competition Basics
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The Contest Area (Square)
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The Contest Area (Octagonal)
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Protective Equipment
 Mandatory
 Head Protector (must be blue or red to
match hogu)
Chest Guard
Groin Guard (worn inside Dobok)
Forearm Protector
Shin/Instep Protector
Mouth Guard (white or transparent only)
WTF-approved Gloves (World Class Cadet, 15-17 and 18-32 Black
Belt divisions, optional for others; white, or color must match hogu; halffingered)
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Things to Look for at Inspection
 All mandatory protective equipment
 Approved sensing socks (if using PSS)
 Properly fitting chest guard
 If using PSS, all players in division wear same size, but
exceptions can be made with Ref Chair approval
 Dobok — clean and in good repair
 White V-neck
 Black trim V-neck for Black Belts only
 No tape allowed on uniform (Exception: taping pants leg
with electronic sensor)
 Head protector in good repair
 No cracks, tape, pictures, writing, etc.
 Appropriate belt
 White, Yellow, Green, Blue, Red, Red & Black, or Black
 Stripes are allowed
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Inspection (continued)
Fingernails and toenails clipped
Long hair tied back so it won’t get in the way
No glasses or sport goggles — no exceptions!
No jewelry — including ear studs, nose rings,
eyebrow rings, etc.
 No metallic or hard objects in the hair
 No unauthorized padding or taping (no excessive
 No metallic or hard plastic braces
 No “do-rags” or anything else on head
religious scarf or head covering)
 With LaJust socks, pants legs can be taped or tucked
into sock — not tucked into shin protector
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Duration of the Contest
 Three rounds of two minutes each, with one-minute
rest period between rounds.
 The contest in each round begins with referee’s
declaration of “Shi-jak” and ends with referee’s
declaration of “Keu-man.”
 Even if the referee has not declared “Keu-man,” the
contest is considered ended when the match clock
expires — so be alert and call “Keu-man” on time!
 Round duration and rest periods may be changed for
specific competitions (i.e., shorter rounds for juniors or
color belts).
 In case of a tie score at end of the 3rd round, there
will be an overtime (“Golden Point”) round after the
rest period.
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Weigh-In Procedures
 Contestants weigh-in the day prior to competition
 USAT-certified referee must do the weigh-in.
 Competitors are allowed two tries to make weight,
within the time limit.
 A second test scale should be provided.
 Contestant must show current USAT ID card.
 May be required to show proof of citizenship.
 Weigh in is done in the official V-neck uniform.
 Separate weigh-in locations for male and female
 If a contestant wishes, weigh-in may be done in
underpants for male and underpants and bra for female
 Under NO circumstances may an athlete weigh-in nude!
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Section 3:
Corner Judge Duties and
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Corner Judge Duties
 The judges shall score the valid points immediately.
 The judges shall state their opinions forthrightly when
by the referee.
 Corner judges and the referee are a team, and work
together to “get it right.”
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Corner Judge Basics
 Judges score or award technical points by
pressing buttons on an electronic scoring device.
 Device may be in the form of individual hand grips,
or a single box.
 A judge must clearly understand:
 Criteria for a valid point (i.e., permitted techniques,
and legal scoring areas).
 When to award points, and when not to award
 Electronic scoring isn’t difficult—but it does take
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Look Sharp In the Corner
 Sit properly — comfortable, good posture,
feet on floor, no legs crossed.
 Focus only on your match, get “in the zone.”
 Stand when necessary to get a better view
of the action.
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Electronic Scoring
Daedo PSS uses dual handgrip joysticks.
Top buttons award head kicks.
Side Triggers (“Technical Point”) are pressed
for valid turns.
Small buttons are pressed to award punches.
If you have two controllers (and no electronic hogu)
Red is ALWAYS in the left hand!
Blue is ALWAYS in the right hand!
Various systems are in use; be sure to know how the
system works before you go into the ring.
If the system can’t accommodate it, referee stops action
to award the additional point for turning kicks.
Points are recorded when two of three judges press for
the same player within a window of one second.
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Electronic Body Protectors
Electronic Protector & Scoring Systems (PSS) —
such as the Daedo system used by USAT —
automatically record points to the body.
Corner judges press to score:
Head kicks (unless headgear PSS is used)
Valid turns to the body or head
Hogus must be enabled before each match.
Sometimes, tournament organizers or volunteers do
this, but referees should know how to do it.
Referee supervises a single test kick with each foot to
verify the system is working. (If headgear PSS is used,
also one test kick to headgear.)
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When you make a mistake...
 Everyone presses the wrong button occasionally.
 When you make a mistake, immediately press the
correct button.
 If you see that your error may have resulted in a noscore, or a score for the wrong player, stand up
immediately to get the referee’s attention.
 When one judge stands, all stand!
The referee will call the judges together to sort it out.
When asked, state what happened (“Yes, head kick for
Blue.” Or, “No, I didn’t score on that last exchange.”)
Just the facts, no involved discussion.
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Permitted Techniques
 Fist techniques: A straight punching technique
using the knuckle part of a tightly clenched fist
 Foot techniques: Delivering techniques using any
part of the foot below the ankle bone
 The front part of the tightly clenched fist — no
backfists, hammer fists, knife hands, ridge hands,
chicken beaks, or anything other than a straight or
reverse punch.
 Any type of foot technique is allowed.
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Permitted Areas
 Trunk: Attack by fist and foot techniques on the
areas covered by the trunk protector are permitted.
Attack to the spine, however, is not permitted.
 Head: This is the area above the collar bone. Only
foot techniques are permitted.
Entire trunk protector is a
legal attacking area — but
only the colored area is a
legal scoring area.
Includes flanks, but not the
spine itself.
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Scoring Areas
 Trunk: The blue or red colored area of the trunk
 Head: The entire head above the bottom line of the
head protector
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When Is a Point Scored?
 Points shall be awarded when a permitted
technique is delivered to the scoring areas of the
trunk with a proper level of impact.
 Points shall be awarded when a permitted
technique is delivered to the scoring area of the
 If PSS is used, determination of the validity of the
technique, level of impact, and/or valid contact to the
scoring area shall be made by the electronic scoring
system. These PSS determinations shall not be
subject to Instant Video Replay.
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Manual Scoring
 A point is recorded when two of three judges press for
the same player within a window of one second.
 In manual scoring, criteria for power and accuracy is
a sliding scale — must be adjusted for the various
weight classes and belt levels.
 A body technique requires more power than a head
 Look for more power from heavyweights, less from fin
 Look for greater power from black belts; be more
generous with white or yellow belts.
 Head techniques: if it touches, score it!
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Criteria for Scoring a Punch
 Criteria for scoring a punch
 Delivering a punch using the tightly clenched,
correctly made fist
 Punch should be executed with extended arm
 Power & accuracy: The body is staggered
as a result of the impact
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Valid Points
 One point for a successful punch or kick to the
trunk protector
 Three points for a valid turning kick to the trunk
 Three points for a successful attack to the head
 Four points for a valid turning kick to the head
 One point awarded for every two Kyung-gos or every
one Gam-jeom given to the opponent
Note: With the exception of the 4-point turning kick to
head, these scoring standards also apply under
Junior Safety Rules.
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When Not to Score
 Points should not be awarded when they are the
result of prohibited acts.
 Some common examples:
 Holding the opponent while kicking
 Pushing and then kicking
 Attack after Kal-yeo (break)
 Attacking a fallen opponent
 Clearly outside the Boundary Line
 Don’t second-guess the referee; however, when it’s
an obvious infraction — don’t score it.
 If in doubt, go ahead and score it, and let the referee
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Section 4:
Prohibited Acts
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Why Do We Need Penalties?
 Objectives in establishing the prohibited
acts and penalties:
 To secure the contestants’ safety
 To ensure fair competition
 To encourage appropriate techniques
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Two Kinds of Penalties
 Kyung-go (Half-Point Warning) — two Kyung-go
penalties result in a point added to the opponent’s
 A single odd Kyung-go has no effect on the score
 Less serious infractions
 Gam-jeom (Full-Point Deduction) — results in a
single point being added to the opponent’s score.
 These are more serious
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Administering Penalties
 “Kyung-go” and “Gam-jeom” penalties are counted in
the total score of the three rounds.
 If a player receives any combination of “Kyung-go”
and “Gam-jeom” penalties that add up to five points,
that player is declared loser by penalties.
 In the event of a really flagrant, deliberate violation,
you don’t have to wait for the penalties to add up to
disqualify the competitor.
 When an infraction occurs during the rest period, the
referee immediately declares the penalty, and it is
applied in the next round.
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Kyung-go Penalties
Crossing the Boundary Line
Falling down
Avoiding or delaying the match
Grabbing, holding or pushing the opponent
Lifting the knee to block and/or impede the the opponent’s
kicking attack, or lifting a leg for more than 3 seconds, without
execution of any attacking technique, to impede opponent’s
attacking movements
Kicking below the waist
Attacking the opponent after “Kal-yeo”
Hitting the opponent’s head with the hand
Butting or attacking with the knee
Attacking the fallen opponent
Misconduct of the contestant or coach
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a. Crossing the Boundary Line
 When both feet of a player fully cross the
Boundary Line.
 If the the player is pushed out, the opposing
player gets the penalty.
 If both feet of both players go out, both players
are penalized.
 With one foot out, a player can still score as long
as his body is within the vertical plane of the
Boundary Line.
 The referee must be alert, and call “Kal-yeo”
immediately when a player crosses the
Boundary Line.
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b. Falling down
 Kyung-go shall be declared for falling down.
 If a contestant falls down due to the opponent’s
prohibited acts, Kyung-go is given to the opponent.
 If both contestants fall as a result of incidental
collision, no penalty shall be given.
 If a player falls and is given an eight-count, no
Kyung-go is given.
 Rule of thumb: If a player falls, give a Kyung-go, with
two exceptions noted above.
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b. Falling down
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c. Avoiding or delaying the match
 Stalling or running away with no intention of
 Distinguish intentional avoidance from tactical
 “10-Second Rule”
 Players have about five seconds to set up.
 If no action, the referee gives “Fight” command.
 If there is no activity within 10 seconds after the
command, “Kyung-go” is given to the contestant
who moved backwards.
 Kyung-go can be given to both players if they were
equally inactive.
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c. Avoiding or delaying the match
 Turning the back to avoid the opponent’s
 Includes evading the opponent’s attack by
bending below waist level or crouching.
 Kyung-go should also be given when a player
asks the referee to stop the match to adjust
protective equipment.
 Retreating from technical engagement only to
avoid the opponent’s attack and to run out the
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c. Avoiding or delaying the match
 “Pretending injury”
 Exaggerating injury or indicating pain in a body
part not subjected to a blow for the purpose of
demonstrating the opponent’s action as a
 Exaggerating pain for the purpose of elapsing the
match time.
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d. Grabbing, holding or pushing
 Grabbing any part of the opponent’s body, uniform or
protective equipment with the hands.
 Grabbing the foot or leg, or hooking either one on top
of the forearm.
 Pushing the opponent out of the Boundary Line.
 Pushing that causes the opponent to fall down.
 Pushing to hinder the opponent’s attack or hinder the
normal execution of technique.
 Pushing with the palm, elbow, shoulder, trunk or
head, etc.
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e. Lifting the knee...
 Lifting the knee to block or/and impede the
opponent’s kicking attack.
 Lifting a leg for more than three seconds,
without execution of any attacking technique, to
impede opponent’s attacking movements.
 Lifting the knee in order to kick is not penalized.
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f. Kicking below the waist
 Unintentional or careless attack on any part
below the waist — including “butt shots.”
 If caused by the recipient in the course of an
exchange of techniques, no penalty is given.
 Strong kicking or stamping actions to any part of
the thigh, knee or shin for the purpose of
interfering with the opponent’s technique.
 Example: “cut kick” to the leg or lower body
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g. Attacking after “Kal-yeo”
 Attacking after Kal-yeo requires that the attack results
in actual contact to the opponent’s body.
 If the attacking motion started before the Kal-yeo, the
attack shall not be penalized.
 In Instant Video Replay, the timing of Kal-yeo shall
be defined as the moment that the referee’s hand
signal was completed (with fully extended arm); the
start of the attack is defined as the moment the
attacking foot is fully off the floor.
 If an attack after Kal-yeo did not land on the
opponent’s body but appeared deliberate and
malicious, the referee may penalized the behavior
with a “Kyung-go.”
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h. Hitting opponent’s face with hand
 Unintentionally hitting the opponent’s face with
the hand (fist), wrist, arm, or elbow.
 Unavoidable actions due to the opponent’s
carelessness — such as excessively lowering
the head or carelessly turning the body — are
not penalized.
 Always give either a “Kyung-go” or “Gam-jeom”
for a hand to the head. Don't let it go.
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i. Butting or attacking with knee
 Head butting or attacking with the knee when in
close proximity to the opponent.
 No penalty for inadvertent contact as the result of
technical exchange.
 When opponent rushes in abruptly at the moment
a kick is being executed.
 As the result of a discrepancy in distance in
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j. Attacking the fallen opponent
 “Fallen”: when any part of the player’s body,
other than the soles of the feet, touches the floor.
 A falling player is still subject to legitimate
attack, and may be at risk — so the referee must
be alert to step in with “Kal-yeo.”
 A penalty may also be given if a contestant
maliciously pretends to attack the fallen
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k. Misconduct of player or coach
 Not complying with a referee’s command or
 Inappropriate protesting or criticizing of officials’
 Provoking or insulting officials, opposing
contestant, coach, or spectators.
 Loud coaching during the rounds.
 The coach leaves the 1m x 1m Coach’s Zone.
 Any other undesirable behavior or
unsportsmanlike conduct; behavior that is not
within “normally acceptable limits.”
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More Serious Penalties
 In the case of serious misconduct of the
prohibited acts by contestant or coach the
referee shall declare “Gamjeom.”
 When a coach or contestant commits excessive
misconduct and does not follow the referee’s
command the referee may declare a sanction
request by raising a yellow card.
 If a contestant intentionally and repeatedly
refuses to comply with the Competition Rules or
the referee’s orders, the referee may end the
match and declare the opposing contestant the
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Gam-jeom Penalties
Serious misconduct of contestants or coaches. Examples:
Not complying with the referee’s command or decision
Inappropriate protesting or criticizing of officials’ decisions
Inappropriate attempts to disturb or influence the outcome of the match
Fleeing from the competition area to avoid normal technical exchange. If
a contestant attempts to avoid normal technical exchanges by behavior
such as crossing the boundary line or intentionally falling down
repeatedly, the referee may give a Gam-jeom, after a Kyung-go
Clearly intentional punch to the opponent’s face
Clearly intentional attack the opponent after “kal-yeo”
Clearly intentional attack to a fallen opponent
Clearly intentional attack below the waist
Provoking or insulting the opposing contestant or coach
Unaccredited doctor/physicians or other team officials found to be seated
in the doctors position
Any other severe misconduct or unsportsmanlike conduct from a
contestant or coach
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Gam-jeom Penalties
 Determining the degree of illegality — and
whether to issue a Kyung-go or Gam-jeom — is
at the referee’s discretion.
 Multiple instances of the same offense can
“escalate” to Gam-jeom.
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Manipulating the scoring system
 If there is intentional manipulation, or attempt
to manipulate the PSS, the referee will declare
the violating competitor the loser by penalty.
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Section 5:
Referee Duties and
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Referee Responsibilities
 Has control over the match, and protects the
safety of the competitors.
 Declares “Shi-jak,” “Keu-man,” “Kal-yeo,” “Kyesok” and “Kye-shi,” winner and loser, deduction
of points, warnings and retiring.
 If an Inspection Desk is not in use, the referee
inspects the contestants’ safety equipment,
dobok, metallic articles, etc. — Chung first, and
then Hong.
 Sometimes, inspection is done at ring-side by
other officials. In this case, the referee needn’t
inspect again.
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More Referee Responsibilities
 Has the right to make decisions independently
in accordance with the rules.
 The referee does not award points.
 In the case of a scoreless Golden Point round in
which the other criteria are inconclusive, the
decision of Superiority is made by the corner
judges and the referee.
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Eight Ways to Win
Referee Stops Contest (RSC)
 After a legitimate technique, the opponent cannot
demonstrate the will to resume the contest by the
count of “Yeo-dul.”
 When the referee or doctor determines that a
player cannot continue, even after a one minute
recovery period.
 When a contestant disregards the referee’s
command to continue.
 In case of a severe mismatch, where the referee
feels a player may be in danger if the match
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Eight Ways to Win (continued)
2. Win by final score (PTF)
Winning player scores more points than the
3. Win by Point Gap (PTG)
When there is a 12-point difference at the
completion of the second round, or at any time
during the third round.
4. Win by Golden Point (GDP)
5. Win by Superiority (SUP)
Winner decided according to Rules of
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Eight Ways to Win (continued)
6. Win by withdrawal (WDR)
 Player withdraws from the match due to injury or
other reasons.
 Player does not resume the match after the rest
period or fails to respond to the call to begin the
 Coach throws in the towel.
7. Win by disqualification (DSQ)
 Player fails to make weight or loses contestant
status before the competition begins.
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Eight Ways to Win (continued)
8. Win by referee’s punitive declaration (PUN)
 When a player accumulates a total of five
deduction points — “Kyung-go” and/or
“Gam-jeom,” in any combination.
 If it is determined that a contestant manipulates
the sensor(s) or scoring system of the PSS.
 if a contestant or coach refuses to follow the
referee’s commands or to comply with the
Competition Rules, or commits other serious
behavior, including improper protest.
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Golden Point Round
 If the score is tied at the end of the final round, the
match goes to an Golden Point round.
 First score (or total of one full deduction point for
opponent) decides the winner.
 In case of simultaneous head shot for one player
and body shot for other player, Video Replay can
determine which landed first. If no VR, consult with
 To initiate the Golden Point round:
 Referee sends the contestants back to their respective
coaches using the same hand gesture as at the end of a
 Referee begins the 4th round with “Joon-Bi” and “ShiJak” after the usual rest period.
 Contestants do not bow again.
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Golden Point Round
 In the event that neither contestant has scored a point
after the completion of the 4th round, the winner shall
be decided by the following criteria:
 The contestant who achieved a higher number of hits
registered by the PSS during the 4th round
 If the number of hits registered by the PSS is tied, the
contestant who received fewer Kyung-go and Gamjeoms during all four rounds
NOTE: The PSS will automatically decide the above
 If the two above criteria are the same, the referee and
judges shall determine superiority based on the
content of the 4th round.
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 If neither player scores in the Golden Point
round, the winner is decided by Superiority.
 Superiority is based on which player showed
greater initiative.
Overtime round only — not the whole match!
 Initiative is judged by these criteria — in order:
 Technical dominance of an opponent through
aggressive match management.
 A greater number of techniques executed.
 The use of more advanced techniques, both in
difficulty and complexity.
 Display of a better competition manner.
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Superiority Card
 Be sure to have a Superiority Card and pen
with you before the match begins.
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Procedure for Superiority
 At the end of the overtime round, the referee takes
two steps back, and says “Woo-se ki-rok.”
 The corner judges complete their cards, and present
them to the referee.
 The referee completes his/her own card, records the
result, has the players bow, and declares the winner.
 With three corner judges, if there is a 2-2 tie,
whichever player the the referee voted for is the
 The referee turns the cards over to the T.A.
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 Definition: When a contestant is knocked to the
floor or is staggered or unable to respond
adequately to the requirements of the match due
to a legal technique.
 When any part of the body other than the sole of the
foot touches the floor due to the force of the
opponent’s permitted technique.
 When a contestant is staggered and shows no
intention or ability to continue.
 When the referee judges that, in the interest of safety,
the contest cannot continue as the result of a contestant
being struck by a permitted technique.
 Any situation where — as the result of legal contact — it
would be dangerous to continue or when there is any
question about the safety of a contestant.
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Knock-Down Procedure
 Declare “Kal-yeo” (break).
 Keep the attacker away from the downed player.
 Check player condition, call doctor if necessary.
 Count at one-second intervals.
 “Ha-nah, Duhl, Seht, Neht, Da-seot, Yeo-seot, Il-gop,
Yeo-dul, A-hop, Yeol.”
 You can call for the doctor while you’re counting.
 Continue to count, even if match time has expired.
 You MUST count to eight — even if the player is
ready to continue before then.
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Knock-Down Procedure
 Player demonstrates will to continue by standing in
fighting position, fists up.
 Must be alert and ready to go.
 Look closely, make sure.
 Don’t spend additional time confirming the
competitor’s recovery after counting to “Yeo-dul” —
check them while you’re counting.
 Resume the contest by declaring “Kye-sok”
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Knock-Down Procedure
 If a player clearly recovers before the count of “Yeodul” and expresses the will to resume, but still needs
medical treatment...
 Resume the match by declaring “Kye-shi” (injury time-
out) and proceed accordingly.
 If downed player cannot demonstrate the will to
resume the contest by the count of “Yeo-dul” (eight),
continue counting: “A-hop,” “Yeol.”
 Once you count past eight, the game is over. You
must finish the count and declare a Knock-Out.
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Knock-Down ... But No Score
 Body shot:
 If point is not scored, referee stops the match
and declares Kye-shi (injury time out)
 Head shot:
 Referee counts as usual
 Judges should stand to bring situation to
center referee’s attention.
 If player is able to continue by the count of
eight (“Yeo-dul”), referee declares Shi-gan and
confers with judges to determine if points
should be awarded.
 If judges do not confirm the points, referee may
request Video Replay.
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Both Players Knocked Down
 If both players are knocked down, continue counting
as long as one of the contestants has not sufficiently
 If neither player recovers by the count of “Yeo-dul,”
winner is decided based on the match score before
the knock-down.
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“Kye-shi”: Injury Time-Out
 If the referee determines a contestant’s pain is caused
only by a bruise the referee shall declare Kal-yeo and
give a command to resume the match with the call,
“stand-up.” If the contestant refuses to continue the
match after the referee gives the command “stand up”
three times, the referee shall declare the match
“Referee Stops Contest.”
 If a contestant receives an injury such as broken
bone, dislocation, sprain, and/or bleeding, the referee
stops the match by declaring “Kal-yeo,” and orders
the Recorder to suspend the time by announcing
“Kye-shi” (60-second suspension).
 The referee may call for the doctor, and the player is
allowed one minute to receive first aid.
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“Kye-shi”: Injury Time-Out
 It is the decision of the referee, after consulting with
the doctor, whether or not it is possible for the
contestant to resume the match.
 While the player is receiving medical treatment or is in
the process of recovering, 40 seconds after the
declaration of “Kye-shi,” the referee begins to loudly
announce the passage of time in five second
intervals— saying, “40 seconds,” “45 seconds,” etc.
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“Kye-shi”: Injury Time-Out
 If the player is unable or unwilling to resume the
match after one minute...
 If the injury was caused by a legal action, accidental
contact, (or no contact) — injured player loses.
 If the injury was caused by an illegal action
penalized by Kyung-go — injured player loses.
 If the injury was caused by an illegal action
penalized by Gam-jeom — player causing the injury
 The referee must call medical staff for the second
one-minute injury time-out, and ask whether the
injured contestant is able to continue.
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“Kye-shi”: Injury Time-Out
 Resume the match by declaring “Kye-sok”
 If the player clearly indicates the intention to proceed,
but treatment is required and the doctor is
unavailable, or if a bit of additional treatment is
necessary, the referee can choose to suspend the
one-minute time limit.
 This is done by declaring “Shi-gan” (time) before the 60
seconds have elapsed.
 If both of the contestants are injured and unable to
continue the match after one minute, the winner is
decided based the match score before the injuries
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“Shi-gan”: Non-Injury Time Out
 When you need to suspend the match for
something other than an injury, you declare
“Shi-gan” (time).
 Examples: to confer with judges after
counting where no points were scored or to
extend an injury time-out.
 There is no time limit for a Shi-gan time-out; the
duration is entirely at the discretion of the
 Resume the match by declaring “Kye-sok”
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Uncontrollable Circumstances
 If uncontrollable circumstances force you to end
a match prematurely...
 If the match is suspended after the end of the
second round, results are determined according
to the match score at the time of suspension.
 If the match is suspended before the end of the
second round, a full three-round rematch should
be conducted.
 In this type of situation, follow the directions of the
Tournament Committee.
4/13/2015 81
Section 6:
Junior Competition Rules
No Head Contact
 Ages 7 & Under (All Belts)
Ages 11 & Under (Color Belts)
 Any technique which contacts the head area which
does not cause any injury, will be given a warning by
the referee (“Kyung-go”).
 A penalty may also be given for intentional or repeated,
careless attacks to the head area, even if no contact is
 Any technique, which causes injury to the head area
will result in a one-point deduction by the referee
 Even in the absence of visible injury, the referee
may decide the contact is excessive and penalize
with “Gam-jeom.”
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No Head Contact
 Ages 7 & Under (All Belts)
Ages 11 & Under (Color Belts)
 If the competitor cannot continue because of the injury
to the head area, the attacker will be disqualified.
 Inability to continue because of fright, crying or loss of
will following a kick to the head which did not cause
injury does not constitute grounds for disqualification
of the attacker.
 Turning Kicks: Successful turning kicks to the body
will be awarded three points in all Junior sparring
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Junior Safety Rules
 Ages 8 – 11 Black Belts
Ages 12 – 14 Cadet Division Grass Roots
Black Belts and Color Belts
Ages 15 – 17 Color Belts
 Competitors are allowed to kick to the head.
 The kick must be light contact with appropriate control,
without causing any injury or excessive contact.
 A successful head technique (light contact, no injury)
will be awarded three points.
 Turning Kicks: Successful turning kicks to the body
will be awarded three points in all Junior sparring
divisions; there is no additional point for a turning kick
to the head.
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Junior Safety Rules
 Ages 8 – 11 Black Belts
Ages 12 – 14 Cadet Division Grass Roots
Black Belts and Color Belts
Ages 15 – 17 Color Belts
 A competitor who executes a kick to the face which
results in a minor injury shall receive a “Gam-jeom”
 Minor injury is defined as abrasion or bleeding caused by
non-excessive contact.
 Even in the absence of visible injury, the referee may
decide the contact is excessive.
 The referee, with or without the doctor, has sole
responsibility for determining if the abrasion or bleeding
is a minor injury, and if the attack is excessive.
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Junior Safety Rules
 Ages 8 – 11 Black Belts
Ages 12 – 14 Cadet Division Grass Roots
Black Belts and Color Belts
Ages 15 – 17 Color Belts
 A competitor who executes a kick to the face which
results in the inability of the opponent to continue
sparring because of injury shall be disqualified.
 Inability to continue because of fright, crying or loss of
will following a legal kick to the head which did not
cause injury does not constitute grounds for
disqualification of the attacker.
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Junior Safety Rules
 Ages 8 – 11 Black Belts
Ages 12 – 14 Cadet Division Grass Roots
Black Belts and Color Belts
Ages 15 – 17 Color Belts
 8-Count: Under Junior Competition Rules, the referee
should NOT give an 8-count for ANY technique —
even a legal one — to the head area.
 If a kick to the head would be considered powerful
enough to warrant an 8-count, it is considered excessive,
and should be given a “Gam-Jeom” penalty; if the player
who is kicked needs time to recover, “Kye-shi” is called.
 The referee can and should begin an 8-count for a
legal kick to the trunk area that results in a knockdown condition.
4/13/2015 88
Adult Competition Rules
 12 – 14
15 – 17
18 – up
Cadet World Class Black Belts
Junior Division Black Belts
All Belts
 Adult rules apply
 At Nationals, there will be two Cadet
Divisions, Grass Roots (JSRs) and World
Class (adult rules)
 Athletes cannot compete in both divisions
4/13/2015 89
Nationals and Qualifiers
4/13/2015 90
Section 7:
Technical Assistant (T.A.)
4/13/2015 91
Technical Assistant (T.A.) Duties
 Senior-level referee who serves as team leader for
the referee and judges in a ring.
 Answers to the Referee Chairman for the overall
performance of the ring’s referee team.
 Mentors, coaches, guides and supports the referees
serving in that ring.
 May also do referee and corner judge evaluations.
 Assigns referees and supervises ring assignments
and rotation.
 Takes care of tournament paperwork.
 T.A. paper and match sheets
 Referee assignment sheet
4/13/2015 92
Technical Assistant (T.A.) Duties
 Works closely with the Computer Operator and ring
 Makes sure start time, penalties, time-outs, etc. are
correctly recorded.
 Doesn’t micro-manage, but in critical situations makes
sure that the referee team “gets it right.”
 Only steps in when necessary, but does step in if
 Reviews Superiority Cards for accuracy.
 Anticipates — and handles — situations before they
become problems.
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T.A. / Match Sheet
4/13/2015 94
Completed Match Sheet
4/13/2015 95
Section 8:
Video Replay and Protests
4/13/2015 96
Video Replay
 Used For National Team Trials and for certain other
USAT competitions (where possible and/or feasible).
 The coach can only request video review for penalties
against the opponent for instances of falling down or
crossing the boundary line.
 No appeal on points scored by foot or fist attacks on
the trunk (regardless of use of PSS), except for
turning kicks awarded or not awarded by the judges.
 Each ring has one Review Jury consisting of an
experienced International Referee.
 Technical Assistant may also serve as the Review Jury.
4/13/2015 97
Video Replay Procedure
 If there is an objection to a judgment of the refereeing
officials, the coach can request an immediate video
 Referee declares “Kal-yeo,” returns the players to
their marks, and approaches the coach.
 Coach gives the referee a card.
 Referee returns to the Referee’s Mark, holds the card
up with the right hand and declares, “Chung, video
replay,” or “Hong, video replay.”
 The referee approaches the Review Jury and briefly
explains the coach’s request.
 After explanation, referee returns to Referee’s Mark to
await decision.
4/13/2015 98
Video Replay Procedure
 Review Jury reviews the video replay.
 Decision must be made within two minutes.
 If Review Jury would like a second opinion, he/she may
consult the Referee Chairman.
 Review Jury cannot be of the same state or training
affiliation as either contestant.
 After review, the Review Jury informs the referee of
the final decision — “Accepted” or “Rejected.”
 “Accepted” = Right thumb up
 “Rejected” = Open hands crossed at wrist
 The referee repeats the signal of the Review Jury
 If the appeal is accepted, the referee returns the card
to the coach. If rejected, the referee keeps the card
and continues the match.
4/13/2015 99
Video Replay Procedure
 In a single match, a coach may appeal as many times
as he/she wishes, as long as each appeal is upheld
by the Review Jury.
 If an appeal is denied, the coach loses the right to any
further appeal in that match.
 There is no limit on the total number of successful
appeals a coach may make per contestant in a single
 Based on the size and level of the championship, the
Organizing Committee may decide the number of
appeal quota between one (1) and three (3) per player
per championship.
4/13/2015 100
Video Replay Procedure
 What can be appealed
 3 or 4 points head kick, or no 3 or 4 points (if headgear
PSS is used, only face kicks may be challenged)
 Additional point(s) for a turning kick
 Invalidation of points gained because of penalty
 Point(s) or penalty given to wrong player
 Appeal must be made within 5 seconds
 Coach may request video replay within 5 seconds of VR
decision or referee meeting—not necessarily within 5
seconds of the action itself
 If a judge stands at same time as you request video
replay.... coach should stay standing; if the judges fix it,
they can sit down and keep their card
4/13/2015 101
Video Replay Procedure
 What can not be appealed
 Kicks scored, or not scored, to the body
 Punches scored or not scored
 Reverse of a previous Video Replay decision
 Two or more actions (with certain exceptions, below)
 Situations where two actions may come into play
 Invalidation of points scored after Kal-yeo
 Invalidation of points scored by attacking a fallen
 Invalidation of points scored as a result of an illegal
action (grabbing, holding, etc.)
4/13/2015 102
Video Replay Procedure
 Special situations
 In Golden Point round, if one player (apparently)
scores a head kick and the other player scores a PSS
body kick, coach may request video review to see which
player’s technique landed first.
 In last 10 seconds of final round or any time during
Golden Point round, any of the judges can ask for
review and correction of scoring when a coach does
not have appeal quota.
 If there is a clear error in identifying a contestant or
errors in the scoring system, any of the refereeing
officials (including the TA) may request a review and
correction of the decision at any time during the contest.
4/13/2015 103
Video Replay Procedure
 The decision of the Review Jury is final.
 No further appeals on that issue will be accepted during
or after the match.
 Exception: Errors in determining the match results,
mistakes in calculating the match score or misidentifying
a contestant.
 In such instances, an official protest can be submitted
according to the “Protest Procedure.”
4/13/2015 104
Video Replay Procedure
4/13/2015 105
Competition Supervisory Board
 The Competition Supervisory Board adjudicates
protests and corrects misjudgments if necessary.
 May summon the refereeing officials for confirmation
of events.
 Video tapes will not be admitted as evidence.
 If summoned, answer ONLY what’s asked, and stick
strictly to the FACTS.
 Competition Supervisory Board may also take
disciplinary action against the officials committing the
 May recommend that the Referee Director replace
referees or judges.
4/13/2015 106
Protest Procedure After the Match
 Protest must be filed within 10 minutes after the match
by a certified coach representing the athlete.
 Protest application is submitted to the Event Director,
along with non-refundable fee of one hundred dollars
 Official, field of play decisions made during and at the
end of the contest are final and not negotiable.
 When Video Replay is in use, only errors in
determining the match results, etc. may be protested.
4/13/2015 107
Protest Procedure After the Match
 Treatment of the decision:
 Errors in determining the match results, mistakes in
calculating the match score or misidentifying a
contestant shall result in the decision being reversed.
 If the referee made a clear error in applying the
Competition Rules, the outcome of the error shall be
corrected and the referee may be admonished or face
 When the Board decides that there was a clear error
in judging the facts, such as the impact of striking,
severity of action or conduct, intention, timing of an act
in relation to a declaration or area, the decision shall not
be changed and the official(s) seen to have made the
error may be admonished or sanctioned.
4/13/2015 108
Coach Decorum
 One coach may accompany the contestant to the
competition ring when the contestant’s name is called
to compete.
 The coach must meet all USAT Coaching program
requirements to be eligible to coach.
 The coach must observe the USAT decorum code,
the rules and regulations of the Organizing
Committee, and the rules of the tournament.
 Violators of these rules and regulations may have their
coaching privileges canceled by the USAT and face
additional sanction.
4/13/2015 109
Coach Decorum
 During the competition, coaches are required to
remain seated within the 1 x 1 meter coach’s box
and NOT allowed to move about the ring during
 The coach may not enter the ring during a competition.
 If his/her contestant is injured during a contest, the
coach must wait for the referee to declare “Kal-yeo” and
give permission before leaving the coach’s chair.
 The coach should wait for the doctor to arrive before
touching his/her contestant.
 Coach should look and act professional at all times.
 Dress Code: No hats, no slippers or flip-flops, no
jeans, no shorts; no cell phones or other
communication devices
4/13/2015 110
Section 9:
Other Things You Should Know
4/13/2015 111
Referee Code of Conduct
 As a Referee, I will enforce the current Competition Rules in a fair and impartial
manner, showing no favoritism to one competitor over another competitor.
 Competitor safety is of the utmost concern as I perform my duties as Referee.
 I will conduct myself as a professional in all of my actions during a competition
 I will not accept favors of any kind in return for my actions as a Referee.
 I will maintain proper physical conditioning in order to be able to perform my
duties and responsibilities as a Referee.
 I will accept critiques from supervisors in order to improve my abilities as a
 I am an ambassador for Taekwondo and, as such, I must perform my duties in a
firm and professional manner, using tact and diplomacy as needed.
 I will limit my contact with competitors and coaches during the course of any
tournament to basic greetings and shall not dine or socialize with participating
competitors and coaches during the course of any tournament.
4/13/2015 112
Matters Not Specifically Covered
 Matters related to the competition will be decided
through consensus by the refereeing officials of
the pertinent contest.
4/13/2015 113
Words of Wisdom
 No public comments about a particular match — ever!
 “The walls have ears,” and “Loose lips sink ships.”
 Only discuss match specifics in a closed room with the
Referee Chairman, T.A. and/or other referees involved
with that match.
 A casual comment like, “Dang, I should have scored
that last head kick!” can — and usually will — come
back to bite you.
 Don’t let anyone into your ring without your invitation.
 Includes coaches, tournament staff.
 Keep your ring area tidy — for safety, as well as for
4/13/2015 114
Section 10:
What’s Next?
4/13/2015 115
What’s Next?
 As a corner judge, you need to have a basic
understanding of the Competition Rules, especially
those that are referenced in this course.
 Get a copy of the complete USAT Competition Rules.
 Read them through from time to time — especially
before competitions.
 Observe the application of the rules in competitions you
 Ask an experienced referee to explain anything that
may be unclear to you.
4/13/2015 116
What’s Next?
 If you want to venture into the center of the ring, you
need to have a thorough understanding of the
Competition Rules and match management
 Attend a USAT-sanctioned referee seminar.
 Study the Competition Rules diligently.
 Referee at as many USAT events as possible.
 Practice, practice, practice!
 Repeat #1, 2, 3 and 4, above.
4/13/2015 117
A Well-Marked Path
 D, C, B and A levels (two steps each level)
 Earn promotion by attending seminars and referee
camps, and participating in recognized events.
 As you advance, you’ll be invited to Qualifiers,
then Juniors, then Nationals — and eventually,
Team Trials.
 World Taekwondo Federation
 Recommended USAT A-level Referees can
become International Referees
 3rd Class, 2nd Class, 1st Class, Special Class
4/13/2015 118
Your Referee Development Team
USAT Referee Co-Chairs
Anne Chase
[email protected]
Myung Chan Kim
[email protected]
USAT Membership Services Manager
Casey Miller
[email protected]
4/13/2015 119
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