Green Economic Growth - Nordic Oceans Conference

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Global Food Security
Fisheries & Aquaculture
Green Economic Growth
Árni M. Mathiesen
FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture Department
Rome, Italy
Seas the Future Nordic Oceans Conference, 7 June 2011
Overview
Global
food security
The role for fish
What can green economic growth
mean in these sectors?
Global Food Security
Scope of the Problem
Global Food
Security
925
million undernourished (2010)
Majority (98%) in developing
countries
Sub-Saharan Africa: Highest proportion
of undernourished (30%)
The Role of Fish
The Role for
Fish
Fish & Global Food Security
Consumption
Wellness,
energy and protein
Nutrition
Production
Trade
Employment
Vital Nutrition
Consumption
 Fats: Unique source of
(DHA, EPA)
essential fatty acids
 Optimal
brain development
 Prevention of coronary heart diseases
 Unique &
 High
complete source of micronutrients
bioavailability (easily absorbed by the body)
 Most minerals: calcium, iodine, zinc, iron,
selenium, etc.
 Vitamins: vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin B group
Consumption
Wellness: Energy and protein
 115
million tonnes
 Record 17 kg/capita
 Animal protein intake of excellent quality
Per Caput Supply
Fish/Animal Protein
World
Asia
Oceania
<5
5-10
10-15
15-20
20-25
25<
0-10% 10-20% 20-30% 30-40% 40-50%
over
Trade
The Role for
Fish
USD billion
Million tonnes
Developing countries, value
100
60
Developed countries, value
Quantity
90
50
80
70
40
60
50
30
40
20
30
20
10
10
0
0
1980
1983
1986
1989
1992
1995
1998
2001
2004
2007
The Role for
Fish
Share of Fish Exports in Trade
Fish exports as a share in total agricultural
exports (excluding forestry)
Fish exports as a share of total merchandise trade
Employment
Production
45
million fishermen & fish farmers
86%
in Asia
13 million in China
Production
50%
chain
employed are women
Fisheries-related
540
livelihoods & well-being
million ≈ 8% of world population
What can green economic growth
mean in these sectors?
Meaning of
Green
Growth
Consumption - beneficial
Adequate nourishment
Wellness – achieved
Nutrition - delivered
Meaning of
Green
Growth

Poverty - alleviated
Production that contributes to
poverty alleviation
Trade - beneficial
Employment - equitable
Food security - sustainable
Meaning of
Green
Growth
Value & Resilience - improved
Post harvest sector
Value addition – increased
Losses – decreased
Sectoral resilience - strengthened

Food security - sustained
Production
Global food-fish production (1970 - 2008):
Supply from the fisheries and aquaculture sectors
140
120
Supply from capture
50
Share of aquaculture (%)
45
Quantity (million tonnes)
40
100
35
30
80
25
60
20
15
40
10
20
5
20
08
20
06
20
04
20
02
20
00
19
98
19
96
19
94
19
92
19
90
19
88
19
86
19
84
19
82
19
80
19
78
19
76
19
74
0
19
72
19
70
0
Contribution of aquaculture (%)
Supply from aquaculture
Production
Food security - sustained
Meaning of
Green
Growth
Green Growth, Global Food Security
Political &
social awareness
Increased support from beyond the
fisheries sector
Thank you
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