Classification PowerPoint

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Classification
Classification
 GROUPING
things
according to their
CHARACTERISTICS.
CAROLUS LINNAEUS
 Developed
a SYSTEM for
grouping ORGANISMS.
Creating Scientific Names



Carl Linnaeus – 1750’s developed a
system for organisms.
Catalog all known species
Created two-worded Latin names for
each species (Binomial Nomenclature)
Groups
 Domain(largest)
 Kingdom
 Phylum
 Class




Order
Family
Genus
Species (smallest)
Great way to remember: Dozy Kids Play Chase On
Freeway Get Squished
3 Broad Groups

Eukaryote


Prokaryote


Multiple chromosomes and a mitotic cycle i.e. animals
Single-Celled does not have nucleus or membranebound structures i.e. bacteria
Archaea

Prokaryotes-Like in extreme environments difference
in genetic make up of their cell call. i.e. bacteria in
hot pots
Kingdom

Encompasses large groups; such
as plants, animals or fungi.
Phylum

Subgroup within a kingdom. Animals
belong to the phylum Chordata. (meaning
they have a spinal “chord”)
Class

A sub group within a phylum
containing common characteristics.
Order

A sub group within a class.
Family

A sub group with an order.
Genus



A sub group within a family
Species with uniquely shared traits
Species are thought to be closely
related.
Species


Unique group of organisms united by
heredity or interbreeding
Defined based on unique features
SPECIES means "KIND”
A
GROUP of closely
related (SIMILAR)
organisms that
INTERBREED and have
FERTILE offspring
CAROLUS LINNAEUS


2. Gave an organism a TWOWORD
LATIN name. (binomial
nomenclature)
Example



COMMON name cougar,
puma, mountain lion
SCIENTIFIC name Felis
concolor
GENUS, SPECIES
Last name, first name
What’s in a name?
Binomial Nomenclature
(bie NOH mee uhl Noh muhn KLAY chuhr)

Scientific Name = Binomial Nomenclature
Genus + Species = Scientific Name
Example = Humans
Homo + Sapien = Homo sapien
Examples of Scientific Names

Cattle: Bos taurus, Bos indicus
Examples of Scientific Names


Cattle: Bos taurus, Bos indicus
Sheep: Ovis aries.
Examples of Scientific Names



Cattle: Bos taurus, Bos indicus
Sheep: Ovis aries
Swine: Sus scrofa
Examples of Scientific Names




Cattle: Bos taurus, Bos indicus
Sheep: Ovis aries
Swine: Sus scrofa
Horse: Equus cabbalus
Examples of Scientific Names





Cattle: Bos taurus, Bos indicus
Sheep: Ovis aries
Swine: Sus scrofa
Horse: Equus cabbalus
Chickens: Galus galus
domesticus
Species
a
group of closely related
animals that can
INTERBREED and
produce FERTILE
offspring
 Example
Breed
 animals
of common
ORIGIN with
characteristics that
distinguish them from
other groups within the
same SPECIES
 Example
Type
 animals
of the same
SPECIES that are
grouped together based
on the PRODUCTS they
produce
 Example
Scientific Names of
Domesticated Livestock Animals
Genus species
European Cattle
Bos
taurus
Indian Cattle
Bos
indicus
Sheep
Ovis
aries
Goats
Capra
hircus
Swine
Sus
scrofa
domesticus
Horse
Equus
caballus
Donkey
Equus
asinus
Rabbit
Oryctolagus
cuniculus
Llama
Llama
glama
Alpaca
Llama
pacos
Dog
Canis
familiaris
Cat
Felis
catus
Chicken
Gallus
domesticus
Turkey
Meleagris
gallopavo
Duck
Anas
platyrhyncha
Goose
Anser
anser
Terms of Domesticated Animals
Cattle
 Species
 Bovine
Cattle
 Group
 Herd
Cattle
 Adult
 Bull
Male
Cattle
 Adult
 Cow
Female
Cattle
 Young
Male
 Bull Calf
Cattle
 Young
Female
 Heifer Calf
Cattle
 Newborn
 Calf
Cattle
 Castrated
Male
 Bullock or Steer
Cattle
 Offspring
w/Dam
 Calf at Foot or Suckling
Cattle
 Birthing
 Calving
Cattle
 Mating
 Serving
Sheep
 Species
 Ovine
Sheep
 Group
 Flock
Sheep
 Adult
Male
 Ram, Buck, or Tup
Sheep
 Adult
 Ewe
Female
Sheep
 Young
Male
 Ram Lamb or Buck Lamb
Sheep
 Young
Female
 Ewe Lamb
Sheep
 Newborn
 Lamb
Sheep
 Castrated
 Wether
Male
Sheep
 Offspring
 Suckling
w/Dam
Sheep
 Birthing
 Lambing
Sheep
 Mating
 Tupping
Goats
 Species
 Caprine
Goats
 Group
 Flock
or Band
Goats
 Adult
Male
 Buck or Billy
Goats
 Adult
Female
 Doe or Nanny
Goats
 Young
Male
 Buckling
Goats
 Young
Female
 Goatling
Goats
 Newborn
 Kid
Goats
 Castrated
 Wether
Male
Goats
 Offspring
 Suckling
w/Dam
Goats
 Birthing
 Kidding
Goats
 Mating
 Serving
Swine
 Species
 Porcine
Swine
 Group
 Drove
Swine
 Adult
 Boar
Male
Swine
 Adult
 Sow
Female
Swine
 Young
Male
 Boar Pig or Boarling
Swine
 Young
 Gilt
Female
Swine
 Newborn
 Pig,
Piglet, Pigling
Swine
 Castrated
Male
 Barrow, Stag, Hog
Swine
 Offspring
 Suckling
w/Dam
Swine
 Birthing
 Farrowing
Swine
 Mating
 Coupling
Poultry
 Species
 Gallus
Poultry
 Group
 Flock
Poultry
 Adult
Male
 Rooster, Cock
Poultry
 Adult
 Hen
Female
Poultry
 Young
Male
 Cockerel
Poultry
 Young
 Pullet
Female
Poultry
 Newborn
 Chick
Poultry
 Castrated
 Capon
Male
Poultry
 Offspring
w/Dam
 Clutch, Brood
Poultry
 Birthing
 Hatching
Poultry
 Mating
 ?????
Horse
 Species
 Equine
Horse
 Group
 Herd,
Band, etc.
Horse
 Adult
Male
 Stallion or Stud
Horse
 Adult
 Mare
Female
Horse
 Young
 Colt
Male
Horse
 Young
 Filly
Female
Horse
 Newborn
 Foal
Horse
 Castrated
 Gelding
Male
Horse
 Offspring
w/Dam
 Suckling or Foal at Side
Horse
 Birthing
 Foaling
Horse
 Mating
 Serving
Types of Livestock
Cattle




Beef Type
Dairy Type
Dual Purpose
Multi-Purpose
Sheep

Wool type







Fine
Medium
Long
Colored
Meat or Mutton type
Dual Purpose
Dairy Type
Swine



Lard Type
Bacon Type
Meat Type
Horses





Draft Type
Racing
Ranch Work/Stock Horse
Trotting
Pacers
Poultry




Eggs (Layers)
Meat (Broilers)
Ornamental
Cock Fighting
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