3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance

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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
CC Au
Service Engineer
from
Marland Boat Service Limited
for
Lifeboats,
Davits & Winches
Inspection & Services
1
Marland Boat Service Ltd.
Program Run-down
Part A (Safety Practice)
1. Lifeboat accidents review
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Part B (Informative)
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
MSC.1/Circ.1206/Rev.1 (Measures to Prevent Accidents with
Lifeboats) indicates that most accidents fall under the following categories:
 Failure of on-load release mechanism
 Inadvertent operation of on-load release mechanism
 Inadequate maintenance of lifeboats, davits and launching equipment
 Communication failures
 Lack of familiarity with lifeboats, davits, equipment and associated controls
 Unsafe practices during lifeboat drills and inspections
 Design faults other than on-load release mechanisms.
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
In 2004, two crew members were killed and three others seriously injured when
the port lifeboat became detached from its falls during a lifeboat drill. The cape-sized bulk carrier,
was at anchor off a port in Australia, at the time of the accident.
Investigation revealed that the lifeboat’s after hook had failed where it was attached to the keel
while the boat was being lowered. The lifeboat’s stern had then dropped and the boat rotated
around the remaining forward fall before the forward hook opened under the load of the
swinging boat. The lifeboat then fell upside down into the sea approximately 16 meters below.
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1. Lifeboat accidents review
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
1. Lifeboat accidents review
Port lifeboat after hook keel attachment
Starboard lifeboat after hook keel attachment
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Ships Name
Year Built
Lifeboat Maker
Type of Lifeboat
Hook Type
ISLA DE CEDROS
1982
Ishihara
Open-type
Off-load
RYU YOH
1991
Ishihara
Conventional
IHM-12
KAYU PUTIH
1995
Nishi-F
Conventional
IHM-12
LUMINOUS ORION
1997
Nishi-F
Conventional
IHM-12
AQUARIUS ACE
1998
Shigi
Conventional
SZK 30
SILVICULTURE
2002
Ishihara
Conventional
IHM-12B
UNIVERSAL GREEN
2002
Nishi-F
Conventional
IHM-12B
SALLY
2003
Fassmer
Conventional
DUPLEX 2.5T
EASTERN PRINCESS
2004
Qingdao Beihai
Conventional
BG 3
JACKY RICKMERS
2004
Fassmer
Conventional
DUPLEX 2.5T
ADINESIA
2005
Qingdao Beihai
Conventional
BG 3
MIMOSA AFRICANA
2006
Nishi-F
Conventional
SRS 37
CHUETSU SPIRIT
2007
Tsuneishi
Conventional
43GS-1C
FLORA PIONEER
2007
Tsuneishi
Conventional
43GS-1C
PACIFIC IRMA
2010
Jiangyin Norsafe
Freefall
---
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Fiber
Reinforced
Plastic (FRP)
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Ships Name
Year Built Davit / Winch Maker
Davit / Winch Model
ISLA DE CEDROS
1982
Sekigahara
SH-32PC / SNW-22H
RYU YOH
1991
Tsuji
H83-lA2 / EB-5.0 RS-18/9/ L2-3.7
KAYU PUTIH
1995
Miura
MVD4200/3200 / RBH / LBH-4500
LUMINOUS ORION
1997
Tsuji
AQUARIUS ACE
1998
Miura
SILVICULTURE
2002
Sekigahara
H83-lA2 / EB-5.0 RS-18/9/ L2-3.7
MVD5400/3500 / RBH-/LBH4500C
SHS-34-056 / SWE-08-380/-070
UNIVERSAL GREEN
2002
Sekigahara
SHS-34-056 / SWE-08-380/-070
SALLY
2003
Davit International
---
EASTERN PRINCESS
2004
Oriental Precision
HGD-057-24 / BWE-08-180/-030
JACKY RICKMERS
2004
Davit International
---
ADINESIA
2005
Oriental Precision
HGD-057-24 / BWE-08-180/-030
MIMOSA AFRICANA
2006
Mansei
M-7S / MW-7S; MW-7CS
FLORA PIONEER
2007
Sekigahara
SHS-34-056C / SWE-08-380/-070
CHUETSU SPIRIT
2007
Sekigahara
SHS-34-056C / SWE-08-380/-070
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Aft
Lashing
Unit
Winch
Control Unit
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Winch
Control Unit
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
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2. Lifeboats & davits (& winches)–introduction
Aft
Lashing
Unit
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Hook(s) Reset → Locked → Safety Pin (s) → Suspension Ring(s)
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Fassmer Duplex 2.5T
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Fassmer Duplex 2.5T
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Ishihara Off-load Quick Release
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Ishihara / Nishi-F IHM 12; IHM 12B
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Nishi-F SRS 37
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Jiangyin Xinjiang JX-2
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Qingdao Beihai BG-3
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Qingdao Beihai BG-3
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Qingdao Beihai BG-3
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Shigi SZK 30
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Tsuneishi 43GS-1(C)
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Tsuneishi 43GS-1(C)
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Fall shift - two Wire Falls with “end-to-end ” connection
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Spring
Pin
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
Safety practice to launch test conventional lifeboat:
• remove charger receptacle, gripes/lashing wires to avoid entangling (e.g. with boat bollards)
• ensure davit arm locking pins are removed completely, FPDs applied, no one boards the boat
• launch boat to water slowly without inching, boat stabilized, do brake tests on its way down
• crews go down embarkation (or accommodation) ladder, lower boat just above water (boat falls
remain straight)
• remove FPDs, execute on-load release test on hooks (or Off-load release test after boat is waterborne)
• boat is taken away and engine/steering etc., boat returned
• reset hooks, check hook secured position, release handle &/or safety interlock are fully locked,
engage suspension links on (fore & aft) hooks, FPDs applied (use recovery strops during foul weather)
• boat lifted about 2 meters above water
• remote wire tested pull & stop (braking) from inside to lower boat back in water
• boat lifted about one meter above water, check all hooks security before lifting
• all crews climb up ladder to disembark, boat retrieved with no one inside
• boat heaved, limit switch(es) tested & recovered with hand cranking after motor power plug removed
• lock davit arms, rest boat on davit horns, secure grip/lashing wires, connect charger receptacle
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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3. O & M of lifeboat RRS & launching appliance
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4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
Incidents /
Ideas /
Development
Development of
draft Regulation,
Code, Circular
or Resolution
Proposal to IMO
Committee, e.g. MSC
Discussions, refer to
Sub-committee,
Working Groups
Adoption of new Regulation
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
 Maritime Safety Committee (MSC)
The MSC is the highest technical body of the Organization. It consists of all
Member States.
The functions of the Maritime Safety Committee are:
“to consider any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with aids
to navigation, construction and equipment of vessels, manning from a safety
standpoint, rules for the prevention of collisions, handling of dangerous cargoes,
maritime safety procedures and requirements, hydrographic information, logbooks and navigational records, marine casualty investigations, salvage and
rescue and any other matters directly affecting maritime safety”.
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
 IMO has adopted numerous recommendations and guidelines relating to survival
at sea, in the form of Resolutions and Circulars.
 Resolutions and Circulars are not mandatory. It is up to each Member State to
decide on implementing them.
 These Resolutions and Circulars form a core element of the technical
recommendations and many are accepted as industry standard.
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
 For instance, Resolution MSC 317(89) – cited as “the 317th Resolution adopted
by the MSC since its first meeting, adopted at the 89th session”, entered into
force on 1st January 2013.
…… which becomes the amendment to Regulation 1.5, Chapter III,
International Convention for the Safety Of Life At Sea (SOLAS) …...
"5 Notwithstanding paragraph 4.2, for all ships, not later than the first scheduled
dry-docking after 1 July 2014, but not later than 1 July 2019, lifeboat on-load
release mechanisms* not complying with paragraphs 4.4.7.6.4 to 4.4.7.6.6 of the
Code shall be replaced with equipment that complies with the Code**.
* On-load release mechanism is replaced by Lifeboat Release & Retrieval System (LRRS)
** Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1392 “Guidelines for evaluation and replacement of LRRS”
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
4. Process of IMO (SOLAS; LSA; Circular; Resolution)
 Another Resolution, MSC 320(89), also entered into force on 1st January 2013.
becomes the amendment to Chapter IV, the International Life-saving
Appliances Code (LSA) Code…..paragraph:
4.4.7.6.4
“To provide hook stability, the release mechanism shall be designed so that,
when it is fully reset in the closed position, the weight of the lifeboat does not
cause any force to be transmitted to the operating mechanism.”
4.4.7.6.5
“Locking devices shall be designed so that they can not turn to open
due to forces from the hook load.”
4.4.7.6.6
“If a hydrostatic interlock is provided, it shall automatically reset upon
lifting the boat from the water.”
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
 For new builds
Ship owner/manager should confirm that the ship's lifeboat RRS complies with
the requirements of the LSA Code, amended by Resolution MSC 320(89) during
initial statutory survey (i.e. upon ship's delivery) for ship constructed (keel laid or
a similar stage of construction) on or after 1 July 2014.
 For existing ships
Not later than the first scheduled dry-docking after 1 July 2014, but not later than
1 July 2019, it should be confirmed that the ship's lifeboat RRS is an evaluated
type in accordance with the procedures of MSC.1/Circ.1392, and shall be
replaced, if necessary.
[MSC.1/Circ.1445: …..the wording "first scheduled dry-docking" was introduced to mean the "first scheduled
out of water survey of the ship's outer bottom". This explanation is to clarify that the on-load release
mechanisms need not be compliant during an in-water survey, should this occur before a dry-docking.“]
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
 Results of evaluation (existing vessels):
Found compliant with paragraph 4.4.7.6.4 to 4.4.7.6.6 of the amended LSA Code;
Compliant after having been modified, or;
Non-compliant, replaced with an approved design fully compliant with the
amended LSA Code.
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
http://gisis.imo.org/Public/Default.aspx
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Ships Name
Lifeboat Maker
Type of Lifeboat
Lifeboat Model
Hook Type
Action
New Hook Type
JACKY RICKMERS
Fassmer
Conventional
GMR 6.5
Duplex 2.5T
Modify
Duplex 2.5E
SALLY
Fassmer
Conventional
GMR 6.5
Duplex 2.5T
Modify
Duplex 2.5E
SILVICULTURE
Ishihara
Conventional
G-63ATR
IHM-12B
Comply
Not necessary
RYU YOH
Ishihara
Conventional
G-65BTR
IHM-12
Comply
Not necessary
ISLA DE CEDROS
Ishihara
Open-type
G-75A
PACIFIC IRMA
Jiangyin Norsafe
Freefall
GES25
/
Not Applicable
Not Necessary
KAYU PUTIH
Nishi-F
Conventional
G-54ATR
IHM-12
Comply
Not necessary
MIMOSA
AFRICANA
Nishi-F
Conventional
CML-20
SRS 37
Modify
SRS 3
LUMINOUS ORION
Nishi-F
Conventional
G-63ATR
IHM-12
Comply
Not necessary
UNIVERSAL
GREEN
Nishi-F
Conventional
G-63ATR
IHM-12B
Comply
Not necessary
ADINESIA
Qingdao Beihai
Conventional
BH-5S
BG 3
Modify
BG 3R
EASTERN
PRINCESS
Qingdao Beihai
Conventional
BH-5S
BG 3
Modify
BG 3R
AQUARIUS ACE
Shigi
Conventional
SZ-65BRS
SZK 30
Modify
SZK 30M
FLORA PIONEER
Tsuneishi
Conventional
TL-6.5TE
43GS-1(C)
Comply
Not necessary
CHUETSU SPIRIT
Tsuneishi
Conventional
TL-6.5TE
43GS-1(C)
Comply
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Not necessary
Off-load
Not Applicable
Qick Release
Not necessary
Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Fassmer Duplex 2.5t (1982-2010)
Compliant After Modification
New Release Cam With
Controlled Angle of 55º
Locking Pin Fitted As FPD
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Fassmer Duplex 2.5t (1982-2010)
Compliant After Modification
Chain Length Allows Safety
Pin To Be Inserted Only
When Handle Is Fully Reset
Additional Protection
Against False Manipulation
Of Hydrostatic Interlock
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Nishi-F -IMO Registered Compliant
After Modification SRS 37 To SRS-3
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Qingdao Beihai-IMO Registered Compliant After
Modification BG3 To BG-3R (Option 1)
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Qingdao Beihai-IMO Registered Compliant After
Modification BG3 To BG-3R (Option 1)
Assistant Releaser
Hook Fitted With
Assistant Locking Device
Assistant Cables For
Fwd. & Aft. Hooks
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Qingdao Beihai-IMO Registered Compliant After
Replacing BG3 With BHHook3 (Option 2)
BHHOOK3 Hook
4 sets
Release Handle
2 sets
Hydrostatic Device
System
2 sets
Release Cable
4 sets
Bolts of Bracket of
Release Hook
2 sets
Plates of Bracket
2 sets
Hook Base
2 sets
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Qingdao Beihai-IMO Registered Compliant After
Replacing BG3 With BHHook3 (Option 2)
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Qingdao Beihai-IMO Registered Compliant After
Replacing BG3 With BHHook3 (Option 2)
New Type BHHOOK3
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Shigi-IMO Registered
Compliant After Modification
SZK-30 to SZK-30M
Installation of Counterbalance
into the Lever
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5. MSC.1/Circ.1392–Evaluation & replacement of lifeboat RRS
Shigi-IMO Registered
Compliant After Modification
SZK-30 to SZK-30M
Modification of the shape
of Operation Handle
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Wuxi Haihong Boat Making Co., Ltd.:
Cost (for reference only)
 for hooks system modification [per ship set]
USD 7,200 (Material) + 2,000 (Labor)
 for complete stainless steel hooks assembly
USD7,800 per boat
 of complete lifeboat renewal
USD25,000 per boat
[Note: Hook distance; lifeboat weight; carrying
capacity & SWL of davit & winch must be examined]
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
 Fitting of Fall Preventer Devices (FPDs) as an interim risk mitigation measure
“Never a substitute of the lifeboat on-load release hook or RRS !”
The use of FPDs should be considered as an interim risk mitigation measure,
only to be used in connection with existing on-load release hooks, at the
discretion of the master, until the procedures according to MSC.1/Circ.1392
will be completed.
Ship owners and managers should therefore ensure that FPDs are fitted to any
existing LRRS which are pending evaluation, they should be fitted in accordance
with the guidelines until the LRRS is found to be compliant with the
amended LSA Code.
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
 Ships flying following flags are strongly urged to apply FPDs to lifeboat RRS until
completion of evaluation:
Bahamas
Cyprus
Hong Kong
Maltese
Marshall Islands
Norway
Panama
Singapore
United Kingdom
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
ClassNK for FPDs installation :
Flag State
Information / Notice
Hong Kong
It is strongly urged to provide FPDs.
And, it is mandatory to provide FPDs for the existing lifeboat
release and retrieval systems have been evaluated as being
non-compliant with the revised LSA Code.
Liberia
FPDs shall be employed.
Panama
It is mandatory to provide FPDs.
Singapore
It is strongly urged to provide FPDs.
Note (1) If not otherwise specified date on the above, fitting of FPDs of ships in service is
mandatory on or after 1 July 2013.
Note (2) If attending surveyor founds no FPDs onboard on or after 1 July 2013, the
surveyor or owner are requested to contact Flag Administration to get an exemption or
authorization letter to issue Conditional SE Cert. (Exemption letter/certificate or
Conditional Certificate will depend on Flag Administration judgment)
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
MSC.1/Circ.1327
ANNEX
Page 2
2.2 Strops or slings
“Wires or chains should not be used
as FPDs, as they do not absorb
shock loads.”
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
FPDs should never be constructed
of wire rope. These materials lack the
elasticity necessary to absorb shock
loads and are also much more
difficult to handle than softer
synthetic fiber
Insufficient strength: The strop is
constructed from rope that will probably
have resilience to absorb some shock
loads yet the rope is too small to
withstand the full shock load that might
be expected in a failure of the hook
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
Wrong purpose: The strop and
link being used is actually a
recovery strop for use when the
boat is being recovered in
adverse weather conditions.
It is constructed of materials that
would be of suitable strength but
because it is rope, as opposed to
a sling, it is larger than is
desirable for ease of handling as
an FPD.
It is also far too slack and it is
rigged through the connecting
link over a part that is not
intended for load bearing.
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Marland Boat Service Ltd.
6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
FPD strops are made of synthetic material. They have tensile strength with
safety factor of 6, should be rot-proof, corrosion-resistant, should not be
unduly affected by sea water, oil & fungal attack, & should be UV resistant
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
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6. MSC.1/Circ.1327–Application of FPDs
3
Drills, testing, inspections and maintenance of lifeboats and
launching appliances
3.1
The ship’s master or the officer in charge of any lifeboat lowering
or lifting operation should ensure that, where provided, lifeboat
FPDs are properly in place before commencing any drill, testing,
inspection or maintenance where persons are in the lifeboat.
3.2
The ship’s operating crew should be familiar with the operation of
the FPD fitted to the lifeboat on their ship. The procedure to be
followed should be contained in the ISM Code documentation
and the ship’s training manual.
Shigi:”FPDs slings should be used during a lifeboat drill and maintenance as a fall preventing
measure with a limit to a lifeboat load severely observed. For a emergencies, FPD slings should
not be used while a vessel is on voyage as the state of making a swift escape is being prepared.”
Greece :“After the exercises will have taken place, FPDs will not remain secured with the lifeboat.
Relative records will be recorded in the ship's diary.”
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