JS-Crops

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Bringing Green Revolution
in Eastern India
Quick Refresh for Program Planning
in 2012-13
Rice Area affected by different stresses in
eastern India (lakh ha)
Salinity/Sodicity
Flash Flood
prone
Drought
Prone
Coastal
Inland
Assam
8.0
2
Nil
Nil
Bihar
11.0
10
Nil
1.5
Jharkhand
Nil
8.2
Nil
Nil
Chhattisgrah
Nil
27.3
Nil
Nil
Orissa
11.6
12.6
1.5
Nil
U.P
9.3
13.1
Nil
6
West Bengal
10.3
14.6
4.4
Nil
50.2
87.8
5.9
7.5
74
138.2
9.6
20.4
2/3rd
2/3rd
2/3rd
1/3rd
States
Total Region
Total Rice
Rainfed rice production is low and unstable mainly due to abiotic stresses
Strategy
• Promote stress tolerant varieties
– Submergence tolerant
• Swarna-Sub1 : Assam, UP, Bihar, WB, Orissa
• Samba Mahsuri-Sub1 : UP,
• IR 64-Sub1 : UP, Orissa, WB
– Drought tolerant
• Sahbhagi dhan : UP, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand and Chhatishgarh
– Salinity tolerant
• CSR-36 : UP & Bihar
• Promote recommended package of practices suitable for
different rice ecologies
–
–
–
–
Upland rice
Rainfed Low land rice
Rainfed Deep water rice
Irrigated rice
Program
Technology promotion in compact blocks of 1000 hectares
• Rice ecology specific technologies
• Emphasis on line sowing/transplantation, land preparation
• Promotion of Hybrid rice/stress tolerant varieties
• Promotion of resource conservation technologies for wheat crop
• Involvement of Progressive farmers
Asset building
• Water source development
• Shallow tube wells
• Borewells and dugwells
• Water pump sets
• Zero till seed drills
Site specific local needs
Technology components - CRRI
Activity
Rainfed
Upland
Rice
Rainfed Low land rice
Shallow
Medium
Deep
Lowland Deep Water
Water
(0-15cm)
(25-50 cm)
Irrigated Rice
Traditional Hybrid Rice
Deep Ploughing and Land Preparation
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
Seed
Direct Seeding (Line sowing by drum
seeder) /Transplanting/seed drills
Seed Treatment
Zinc
Boron
Weed management
Plant Protection
Honorarium Staff – 1 per unit @
1000/month*6
Mobility Staff
Honorarium Farmer – 10 per unit* as
above
Mobility Farmer
Provision of Drum Seeder
Travel cost for KVK scientist/State
officials/GOI officers.
Total
2000
1500
2000
1500
2000
1500
2000
1500
1000
1500
2000
1500
120
875
275
640
700
6
120
875
275
640
700
6
105
875
275
640
700
6
105
875
275
0
700
6
60
875
275
640
700
6
25
875
275
640
700
6
6
60
6
60
6
60
6
60
6
60
6
60
60
70
100
60
70
100
60
70
100
60
70
100
60
70
100
60
70
100
7912
7912
7897
7257
6852
7817
Due importance to administration of programs for quality outcome
Timelines for Kharif Season
Activity
April
Preparation of District wise and Component
25th Mar to 6th
wise Action Plan including site specific activities Apr
Identification of village clusters and Beneficiaries 1st to 20th
Identification of Progressive Farmers
10th Apr
Land preparation and deep ploughing work
planning
20th Apr
Supply tie ups for seeds, farm machines,
nutrients, seed treatment material and plant
protection chemicals
27th
Approval of Action Plan by SLSCs
15th to 30th Apr
Release of 1st installment of allocated funds to
States
Execution of pre sowing works
Pre positioning of the inputs planned
Work plan by CRRI for monitoring of
components
15th Apr
Planning for mobility of the KVK and ATMA
officials
30th Apr
SLMT Meeting
28th
May
June
-
-
15th May
1st May to 30th June
15th June
30th
30th
Physical Progress of major activities during 2011-12
Components
Un it
2011-12
Target
Achievement %
Demonstrations
(A): RICE
Upland
Shallow Water
Medium Water
Deep Water
HYVs
Hybrids
Total Rice demonstrations
(B): WHEAT
Asset Building:
Shallow Tube Wells
Dug Well/Bore Wells
Pumpsets
Zero Till seed Drills
Site Specific
Ha
Ha
Ha
Ha
Ha
Ha
Ha
Ha
30,000
62,800
25,800
12,000
70,400
29,200
230,200
80,000
29,210
62,600
26,300
12,000
69,900
28,700
228,710
81,487
97
100
102
100
99
98
99
102
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
35,427
9,175
27,076
755
16,205
907
23,958
727
NR
46
10
88
96
Financial Progress 2010-11 and 2011-12
(Rs. in Crores)
2010-11
State
2011-12
Alloc.
Releas
e
Assam
35.00
17.50
17.50
100
33.32
33.32
16.66
50
Bihar
63.94
63.94
36.79
57
55.33
55.33
39.32
71
Chhattisgarh
67.15
67.15
61.26
91
55.21
55.21
28.57
52
Jharkhand
29.60
14.80
14.80
100
31.68
31.68
16.15
51
Odisha
79.67
79.67
74.89
94
62.62
62.62
50.85
81
Uttar Pradesh
57.27
57.27
48.15
84
85.66
85.66
36.30
42
West Bengal
102.37 102.37
52.19
51
72.20
72.20
64.56
89
Total
435.00 402.70 305.58
76 396.02 396.02 252.41
64
Exp.
% exp
Alloc.
Release
Exp.
% exp
Rice Production in Eastern States
State
Normal
2010-11
2011-12
Assam
Bihar
Chhattisgarh
Jharkhand
Odisha
Uttar Pradesh
29.31
42.52
47.96
25.84
62.37
115.59
47.37
31.02
61.59
11.10
68.28
119.92
43.45
66.76
60.28
34.16
58.23
140.25
(Lakh Tonnes)
Difference
From previous year
-3.92
35.74
-1.31
23.06
-10.05
20.33
West Bengal
102.45
130.46
150.44
19.98
Total for Seven States
426.04
469.74
553.57
83.83
ALL-India
940.20
959.80
1034.06
74.26
Key feed backs
• Program prescription varied in some States;
• Bihar preferred SRI irrespective of rice ecologies & SWI for wheat
• Supply of inputs/incentive amount in cash to the beneficiaries
• Involvement of NGOs for implementation of BGREI - Odisha
• Increase in distribution of hybrid rice; Adoption of
sub-mergence tolerant varieties;
• Gaps in adoption of technologies of nutrient, weed
management, crop protection, seed treatment
• Timely supply of inputs
• Need based nutrient mgmt.
• Demand for farm machinery- self propelled
reaper/combine harvester etc.
Financial allocation for 2012-13
(Rs. in lakh)
State
Average Area under Rice for
% share of area to
Allocation as per %
identified Districts
total area
area in the State
(Lakh Ha)
Assam
10.90
9.58
95.50
Bihar
13.61
11.96
119.25
Chhattisgarh
15.04
13.21
131.50
6.72
5.90
59.00
Odisha
24.80
21.79
217.25
Uttar Pradesh (East)
12.04
10.58
105.50
West Bengal
30.71
26.98
269.00
113.82
100.00
997.00
Jharkhand
Total for Seven States
CRRI, BGREI Cell
Total
3.00
1000.00
Demonstration Target for 2012-13
Number of cluster ( each cluster 1000 hectares)
Rainfed Low land Rice
State
Assam
Bihar
Chhattisgarh
Jharkhand
Orissa
Eastern UP
West Bengal
Total
Irrigated Rice
Rainfed Shallow
Upland Low land Medium Deep Water
rice
Rice
Water Rice
Rice
15
15
15
8
5
10
4
5
Hybrid
Rice
10
42
Total
Rice Wheat
9
72
0
10
76
30
HYV
20
25
0
0
40
15
100
0
0
10
15
30
10
0
0
0
10
75
10
40
45
155
0
0
10
8
8
5
38
12
81
5
10
70
15
118
25
62
10
28
105
320
30
126
195
724
6
41
Steps initiated by GoI
Administrative
Technical
Guidelines
CRRI
Allocation
ISRO
BGREI cell
AERCs
Systems
Field
Manual
Web site
Expectations from states
• Adherence to technical norms of agro ecological zone wise
demonstrations
• Approval of action plans by SLSC in time
• Organizing SLBC meeting before Kharif for crop loans to cluster
farmers
• Better coordination with CRRI for monitoring
• Timely supply of inputs like fertilizer, seeds and other critical inputs
• Community Nursery instead of individual Nursery
• Popularize Paddy Transplanter for transplanting of Rice
• Promotion of Drum Seeder for promotion/popularization of line sowing
Way forward
• Efforts to maintain uniformity of interventions across
States for logical comparison of innovative
technologies;
• Best practices of processes of deliverables and
procurement of produce at MSP need be shared
mutually by States
• Improvement in monitoring, documentation &
reporting
• Strengthening of Coordination between CSC,
SLMTs & DLMTs;
• Capacity building of Block level extension staff &
beneficiary farmers.
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