Project Status Updates and Isoprene Comparisons from Using

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Western Biogenic Emission Inventory Improvement
ENVIRON International Corporation
Novato, California
Status Updates
Isoprene Comparisons from Using Different Sources of PAR
Conference Call on December 14, 2011
Template
773 San Marin Drive, Suite 2115, Novato, CA 94998 P: 415-899-0700 F: 415-899-0707
www.environcorp.com
Western Biogenic EI Improvement Project
Status Update
•
Comparisons of emission inventories from SMOKE BEIS v3.14, MEGAN v2.04,
MEGAN v2.10 for July 3 – 18, 2008 and January 3 – 18, 2008, with new WRF
data
o No change to previous conclusion to use MEGAN v2.10
o Most results are presented at the end as “extra slides”
•
Investigating isoprene emission and Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)
data from WRF and satellite
o
Example results are presented today.
o Recommend using satellite PAR data for 2008 emission inventories
•
Starting to evaluate WRF performance for cloud fraction
773 San Marin Drive, Suite 2115, Novato, CA 94998 P: 415-899-0700 F: 415-899-0707
www.environcorp.com
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
WRF Solar Radiation VS satellite PAR
WRF to MEGAN
PAR = 0.5 x SRAD
Satellite
to
MEGAN
Cloud
Photosynthetically Active Radiation
(PAR)
Where
• 0.5 is assumed that ½ of
solar radiation is in 400700nm band
• SRAD is solar radiation
(w/m2)
VOC, CO, NO2, etc.
MEGAN Model
• From GEWEX/GCIP
and GEWEX Americas
Prediction Project
(GAPP)
• Satellite reports PAR
data used directly in
MEGAN
• Pinker, et al., shows
good performance
between satellite and
ground stations
Pinker, et al., 2003, Surface radiation budgets in support of the GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project (GCIP)
and the GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP), including the North American Land Data Assimilation System
(NLDAS) project
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10
WRF/MCIP
MEGAN v2.10
Satellite
Difference
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Domain Total = 7353 kg/hr km2
Domain Total = 4735 kg/hr km2
Difference = 2618 kg/hr km2 (55%)
PAR
WRF/MCIP
PAR
Satellite
PAR
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
WRF Solar Radiation VS satellite PAR
PAR = 0.5 x Short Wave Radiation
0.5
0.45
Satellite PAR
Problem?
0.425
0.4
Conversion Factor for Short Wave Radiation to PAR
• Conversion Factor
varies spatially and
temporally
• Use Conversion
Factor of 0.45 for this
study
http://www.atmos.umd.edu/~srb/par/Figure03.htm
PAR is defined as radiation with wavelength between 400 and 700 nm
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10
WRF/MCIP
MEGAN v2.10
Satellite
Difference
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Domain Total = 6504 kg/hr km2
Domain Total = 4735 kg/hr km2
Difference = 1769 kg/hr km2 (37%)
PAR
WRF/MCIP
PAR
Satellite
PAR Difference (%)
WRF/MCIP – Satellite
Average Isoprene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
MEGAN v2.10
WRF/MCIP
MEGAN v2.10
Satellite
Domain Total = 135.6 kg/hr km2
Domain Total = 91.06 kg/hr km2
PAR
WRF/MCIP
PAR
Satellite
Domain: 36km
Difference
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Difference = 44.54 kg/hr km2 (49%)
PAR Difference (%)
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
MEGAN v2.10
WRF/MCIP
Domain Total = 26,389 kg/hr km2
MEGAN v2.10
Satellite
Domain Total = 19,642 kg/hr km2
Domain: 4km
Difference
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Difference = 6,747 kg/hr km2 (34%)
Average Isoprene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
MEGAN v2.10
WRF/MCIP
Domain Total = 134.7 kg/hr km2
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10
Satellite
Difference
WRF/MCIP - Satellite
Domain Total = 80.11 kg/hr km2
Difference = 54.59 kg/hr km2 (68%)
01-17 : 12
01-18 : 00
01-18 : 12
07-18 : 12
07-17 : 12
07-18 : 00
07-17 : 00
07-16 : 12
07-15 : 12
07-16 : 00
07-15 : 00
07-14 : 12
07-13 : 12
07-14 : 00
07-13 : 00
07-12 : 12
07-11 : 12
07-12 : 00
07-11 : 00
07-10 : 12
07-09 : 12
07-10 : 00
07-09 : 00
07-08 : 12
07-07 : 12
07-08 : 00
07-07 : 00
07-06 : 12
07-05 : 12
07-06 : 00
07-05 : 00
07-04 : 12
07-03 : 12
07-04 : 00
07-03 : 00
kg/hr-km2
0.6
01-16 : 00
01-16 : 12
01-17 : 00
0.006
01-14 : 12
01-15 : 00
01-15 : 12
01-13 : 00
01-13 : 12
01-14 : 00
01-11 : 12
01-12 : 00
01-12 : 12
01-10 : 00
01-10 : 12
01-11 : 00
01-08 : 12
01-09 : 00
01-09 : 12
01-07 : 00
01-07 : 12
01-08 : 00
01-05 : 12
01-06 : 00
01-06 : 12
01-04 : 12
01-05 : 00
01-03 : 00
01-03 : 12
01-04 : 00
kg/hr-km2
Domain Average Isoprene Emission
Domain: 4km
Domain Average of Isoprene for July 3 - 18, 2008
0.7
4-km Domain
Avg-WRF/MCIP
Avg-Sat
0.5
• Using WRF/MCIP PAR results
in higher emission especially
during the peak hours
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
• Day-to-day emission
variations are due to cloud
cover
0
Domain Average of Isoprene for January 3 - 18, 2008
0.007
4-km Domain
Avg-WRF/MCIP
Avg-Sat
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0
WRF Solar Radiation VS satellite PAR under clear sky
WRF/MCIP CCF
Satellite CCF
• ISOP from WRF/MCIP PAR is
higher up to 40%.
Clear sky
ISOP WRF/MCIP
ISOP Satellite
Percent Difference
Western Biogenic EI Improvement Project
Summary
•
The new WRF data do not change the conclusion to use MEGANv2.10 for 2008
biogenic inventory
•
WRF/MCIP PAR results in > 30% higher isoprene emission than satellite PAR, especially
during the peak hours
•
Difference occurs under clear skies: not due to cloud fraction
•
Calculating PAR as a fraction of WRF Short Wave radiation is part of the problem
•
Recommend using satellite PAR data
•
Limited satellite data coverage for Canada and Mexico not a major shortcoming for this
project
•
Working on converting satellite cloud fraction to a workable format for comparison
with WRF/MCIP
Western Biogenics EI Improvement Project
Next Steps
•
Proceed with 2008 inventory using satellite PAR data
o QA satellite PAR data to find and fill any data gaps
o Process biogenic emissions for all of 2008 for the 3 domains
•
Proceed with cloud fraction analysis to assist with WRF evaluation
Extra Slides
• Comparisons between SMKBEIS 3.14,
MEGAN 2.04, and MEGAN 2.10
– Using PAR = 0.5 x SRAD
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average Isoprene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Isoprene – County Summary
Average Emission July 3-18, 2008
Domain: 4km
Isoprene (tpd)
Note: Clark, NV is outside 4km domain.
State County
AZ
Pima
AZ
Maricopa
CO
Boulder
CO
Denver
CO
El Paso
CO
Teller
NM
Bernalillo
ID
Bear Lake
ID
Bingham
ID
Boise
UT
Box Elder
UT
Davis
UT
Salt Lake
UT
Weber
UT
Duchesne
UT
Uintah
WY
Carbon
WY
Teton
WY
Laramie
WY
Sublette
WY
Lincoln
WY
Sweetwater
WY
Uinta
Domain Total
SMKBEIS
123.25
110.10
6.85
3.43
22.35
11.17
7.73
26.23
72.08
2.54
53.11
8.28
18.34
23.23
32.46
45.22
93.55
223.26
6.22
59.95
88.31
74.06
22.32
9,186
M04
224.40
319.45
23.91
4.91
48.05
14.37
17.70
27.28
45.53
16.93
86.41
16.60
37.22
39.72
62.92
81.03
138.91
125.08
72.21
91.77
110.64
71.05
36.59
19,041
M10
263.22
335.87
16.93
1.27
17.81
8.76
12.39
20.83
14.52
5.21
36.92
8.40
24.98
24.07
43.71
55.52
78.71
80.54
13.68
28.16
32.43
38.95
13.58
11,912
% (M04-B)
82.1
190.1
248.9
43.1
115.0
28.7
129.0
4.0
-36.8
565.9
62.7
100.5
102.9
71.0
93.8
79.2
48.5
-44.0
1,061.7
53.1
25.3
-4.1
63.9
107.3
% (M10-B)
113.6
205.1
147.0
-62.9
-20.3
-21.6
60.3
-20.6
-79.9
104.9
-30.5
1.5
36.2
3.6
34.7
22.8
-15.9
-63.9
120.1
-53.0
-63.3
-47.4
-39.1
29.7
% (M10-M04)
17.3
5.1
-29.2
-74.0
-62.9
-39.0
-30.0
-23.7
-68.1
-69.2
-57.3
-49.4
-32.9
-39.4
-30.5
-31.5
-43.3
-35.6
-81.1
-69.3
-70.7
-45.2
-62.9
-37.4
Average Monoterpene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average Monoterpene Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
MTP – County Summary
Average Emission July 3-18, 2008
Domain: 4km
Monoterpene (tpd)
Note: Clark, NV is outside 4km domain.
State County
AZ
Pima
AZ
Maricopa
CO
Boulder
CO
Denver
CO
El Paso
CO
Teller
NM
Bernalillo
ID
Bear Lake
ID
Bingham
ID
Boise
UT
Box Elder
UT
Davis
UT
Salt Lake
UT
Weber
UT
Duchesne
UT
Uintah
WY
Carbon
WY
Teton
WY
Laramie
WY
Sublette
WY
Lincoln
WY
Sweetwater
WY
Uinta
Domain Total
SMKBEIS
126.71
149.37
17.87
0.75
17.30
7.56
13.45
14.55
18.53
19.63
60.75
2.98
11.94
5.89
47.17
65.70
93.75
50.24
8.62
55.96
52.23
98.60
17.28
9,584
M04
34.35
51.50
8.58
0.70
8.44
4.83
5.15
5.46
7.16
6.97
13.25
2.44
7.35
5.17
16.14
19.11
32.04
44.20
7.12
25.37
23.72
10.11
6.45
4,382
M10
53.04
67.05
5.90
0.25
7.03
4.00
8.64
7.40
14.01
8.07
24.26
2.13
6.74
5.33
23.62
40.58
47.30
34.62
4.65
32.24
30.33
61.89
11.27
5,602
% (M04-B)
-72.9
-65.5
-52.0
-5.5
-51.2
-36.1
-61.7
-62.4
-61.4
-64.5
-78.2
-18.2
-38.4
-12.3
-65.8
-70.9
-65.8
-12.0
-17.3
-54.7
-54.6
-89.7
-62.7
-54.3
% (M10-B)
-58.1
-55.1
-67.0
-66.6
-59.3
-47.1
-35.8
-49.1
-24.4
-58.9
-60.1
-28.5
-43.5
-9.6
-49.9
-38.2
-49.5
-31.1
-46.0
-42.4
-41.9
-37.2
-34.8
-41.5
% (M10-M04)
54.4
30.2
-31.3
-64.6
-16.6
-17.2
67.7
35.5
95.7
15.8
83.1
-12.6
-8.3
3.1
46.3
112.4
47.6
-21.7
-34.6
27.1
27.9
512.0
74.8
27.8
Average CO Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average CO Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average NOx Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average NOx Emission from July 3 to July 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
NOx (tpd)
CO (tpd)
State County
SMKBEIS
145.57
Pima
AZ
174.92
Maricopa
AZ
8.61
Boulder
CO
1.35
Denver
CO
18.73
El Paso
CO
4.78
Teller
CO
12.17
NM Bernalillo
11.76
Bear Lake
ID
22.89
Bingham
ID
11.60
Boise
ID
69.36
Box Elder
UT
3.69
Davis
UT
10.66
Salt Lake
UT
6.58
Weber
UT
35.16
Duchesne
UT
59.05
Uintah
UT
73.36
WY Carbon
33.82
WY Teton
21.78
WY Laramie
41.79
WY Sublette
39.58
WY Lincoln
WY Sweetwater 99.94
17.87
WY Uinta
10,834
Domain Total
M04
45.50
61.04
7.77
1.36
13.64
3.76
5.49
7.78
18.38
6.34
24.79
3.22
8.94
7.70
20.25
23.89
41.33
31.88
19.33
25.78
25.80
23.71
11.18
6,752
M10
56.31
78.16
3.62
0.29
3.38
1.49
5.19
5.15
13.30
4.89
22.14
2.07
5.43
4.47
15.91
26.43
31.46
18.38
5.81
21.02
20.53
44.44
9.03
4,462
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
23.8
-61.3
-68.7
28.1
-55.3
-65.1
-53.4
-57.9
-9.8
-79.1
-78.8
1.1
-75.3
-82.0
-27.2
-60.5
-68.9
-21.3
-5.5
-57.4
-54.9
-33.7
-56.2
-33.9
-27.6
-41.9
-19.7
-22.9
-57.8
-45.4
-10.7
-68.1
-64.3
-35.8
-43.9
-12.7
-39.2
-49.0
-16.1
-42.0
-32.2
17.0
-21.4
-54.8
-42.4
10.6
-55.2
-59.5
-23.9
-57.1
-43.7
-42.3
-45.6
-5.7
-69.9
-73.3
-11.2
-18.5
-49.7
-38.3
-20.4
-48.1
-34.8
87.5
-55.5
-76.3
-19.2
-49.4
-37.5
-33.9
-58.8
-37.7
State County
SMKBEIS
AZ
Pima
8.55
AZ
Maricopa
7.03
CO
Boulder
0.89
CO
Denver
0.36
CO
El Paso
4.30
CO
Teller
0.23
NM Bernalillo
0.81
ID
Bear Lake
0.93
ID
Bingham
5.20
ID
Boise
0.21
UT
Box Elder
5.91
UT
Davis
0.58
UT
Salt Lake
1.40
UT
Weber
0.70
UT
Duchesne
2.84
UT
Uintah
3.91
WY Carbon
5.00
WY Teton
1.04
WY Laramie
9.16
WY Sublette
2.18
WY Lincoln
2.44
WY Sweetwater
4.26
WY Uinta
1.91
Domain Total
2,209
M04
3.86
6.15
0.60
0.15
1.08
0.18
0.38
0.55
2.16
0.31
2.20
0.30
0.72
0.67
1.42
1.77
2.83
1.40
1.78
1.53
1.57
1.98
0.90
650
M10
8.25
11.17
0.40
0.09
1.45
0.17
1.02
0.66
1.34
0.40
3.17
0.17
0.51
0.37
1.78
3.61
4.01
1.25
3.29
2.03
1.96
6.52
1.09
1,067
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
-54.8
-3.5
113.4
-12.5
58.7
81.5
-32.6
-55.1
-33.3
-58.3
-75.5
-41.3
-74.8
-66.4
33.5
-22.7
-27.7
-6.5
-52.4
25.8
164.1
-40.7
-29.7
18.4
-58.5
-74.1
-37.7
47.9
94.7
31.6
-62.9
-46.4
44.5
-47.1
-69.7
-42.7
-48.9
-63.6
-28.8
-3.7
-46.7
-44.6
-49.8
-37.3
24.9
-54.7
-7.5
104.0
-43.3
-19.8
41.5
34.8
20.6
-10.5
-80.6
-64.1
85.2
-29.8
-7.2
32.2
-35.4
-19.7
24.3
-53.5
53.2
229.4
-53.2
-43.3
21.2
-70.5
-51.7
64.0
CO and NOx – County Summary
Average Emission July 3 to July 18, 2008
Domain: 4km
Note: Clark, NV is outside 4km domain.
Average Isoprene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average Isoprene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average Monoterpene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average Monoterpene Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average CO Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average CO Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average NOx Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 36km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Average NOx Emission from January 3 to 18, 2008
SMK-BEIS v3.14
MEGAN(old) – SMKBEIS
MEGAN v2.04(old)
MEGAN(new) – SMKBEIS
Domain: 4km
MEGAN v2.10(new)
MEGAN(new) – MEGAN(old)
Isoprene (tpd)
State County
SMKBEIS
AZ
Pima
4.86
AZ
Maricopa
3.00
CO
Boulder
0.02
CO
Denver
0.00
CO
El Paso
0.06
CO
Teller
0.01
NM Bernalillo
0.09
ID
Bear Lake
0.01
ID
Bingham
0.02
ID
Boise
0.01
UT
Box Elder
0.12
UT
Davis
0.00
UT
Salt Lake
0.01
UT
Weber
0.01
UT
Duchesne
0.08
UT
Uintah
0.09
WY Carbon
0.14
WY Teton
0.17
WY Laramie
0.03
WY Sublette
0.05
WY Lincoln
0.05
WY Sweetwater
0.18
WY Uinta
0.03
Domain Total
80
M04
7.16
6.51
0.09
0.01
0.28
0.10
0.21
0.01
0.03
0.01
0.17
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.03
0.13
0.03
0.04
0.09
0.03
144
M10
4.61
4.56
0.03
0.00
0.05
0.02
0.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
62
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
47.6
-5.1
-35.7
116.6
51.9
-29.9
417.9
52.7
-70.5
687.5
-8.4
-88.4
346.4
-16.1
-81.2
916.2
98.2
-80.5
138.4
-20.8
-66.8
-20.2
-72.3
-65.3
73.8
-99.2
-99.5
-50.8
-92.8
-85.4
43.1
-92.5
-94.8
157.4
-94.1
-97.7
327.0
-56.7
-89.9
125.4
-87.0
-94.2
8.5
-70.4
-72.7
9.6
-82.3
-83.8
-18.5
-84.3
-80.7
-80.0
-93.0
-64.9
377.1
-77.4
-95.3
-37.6
-87.4
-79.8
-18.9
-91.2
-89.2
-48.3
-99.3
-98.6
-6.3
-88.0
-87.2
80.5
-22.9
-57.3
Monoterpene (tpd)
State County
SMKBEIS
AZ
Pima
10.90
AZ
Maricopa
12.26
CO
Boulder
2.12
CO
Denver
0.05
CO
El Paso
1.75
CO
Teller
0.90
NM Bernalillo
1.30
ID
Bear Lake
1.12
ID
Bingham
1.00
ID
Boise
2.07
UT
Box Elder
2.33
UT
Davis
0.19
UT
Salt Lake
0.90
UT
Weber
0.29
UT
Duchesne
3.21
UT
Uintah
2.92
WY Carbon
5.81
WY Teton
4.77
WY Laramie
0.57
WY Sublette
3.80
WY Lincoln
3.76
WY Sweetwater
3.19
WY Uinta
0.97
Domain Total
910
M04
4.74
5.39
0.49
0.02
0.45
0.30
0.49
0.06
0.11
0.17
0.50
0.05
0.18
0.04
0.43
0.53
0.99
0.72
0.19
0.37
0.28
0.25
0.17
273
M10
6.74
7.61
0.38
0.01
0.53
0.22
0.75
0.05
0.01
0.09
0.22
0.00
0.04
0.01
0.33
0.35
0.50
0.49
0.07
0.27
0.19
0.10
0.06
280
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
-56.5
-38.1
42.4
-56.1
-37.9
41.2
-76.8
-82.1
-23.0
-64.1
-86.6
-62.7
-74.0
-69.4
17.6
-66.8
-76.0
-27.7
-62.3
-42.5
52.5
-94.2
-95.7
-25.3
-89.5
-99.3
-92.9
-91.7
-95.8
-49.8
-78.6
-90.4
-55.3
-73.2
-98.3
-93.7
-79.5
-95.4
-77.6
-86.3
-96.6
-75.5
-86.5
-89.6
-23.1
-82.0
-88.0
-33.3
-83.0
-91.5
-49.7
-84.8
-89.7
-32.5
-66.7
-87.9
-63.6
-90.1
-92.9
-27.5
-92.6
-95.0
-32.5
-92.2
-96.8
-59.2
-82.8
-94.2
-66.1
-70.0
-69.2
2.6
CO and NOx – County Summary
Average Emission January 3 to 18, 2008
Domain: 4km
Note: Clark, NV is outside 4km domain.
CO (tpd)
State County
SMKBEIS
AZ
Pima
12.31
AZ
Maricopa
13.32
CO
Boulder
0.83
CO
Denver
0.07
CO
El Paso
1.36
CO
Teller
0.48
NM Bernalillo
1.03
ID
Bear Lake
0.77
ID
Bingham
0.91
ID
Boise
1.21
UT
Box Elder
2.48
UT
Davis
0.19
UT
Salt Lake
0.62
UT
Weber
0.28
UT
Duchesne
1.94
UT
Uintah
2.19
WY Carbon
3.61
WY Teton
2.34
WY Laramie
1.23
WY Sublette
2.31
WY Lincoln
2.26
WY Sweetwater
3.23
WY Uinta
0.87
Domain Total
803
M04
5.85
5.95
0.32
0.03
0.48
0.20
0.43
0.06
0.25
0.08
0.78
0.06
0.20
0.07
0.37
0.41
0.73
0.31
0.43
0.22
0.23
0.49
0.19
289
M10
1.81
1.95
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.01
0.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.00
39
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
-52.5
-85.3
-69.0
-55.3
-85.3
-67.2
-61.9
-97.8
-94.3
-50.6
-98.4
-96.7
-64.8
-97.7
-93.4
-57.7
-97.8
-94.8
-58.1
-93.5
-84.4
-92.6
-99.7
-96.0
-72.4
-99.9
-99.8
-93.6
-99.7
-95.6
-68.6
-99.4
-98.0
-65.6
-99.9
-99.7
-68.1
-99.6
-98.6
-76.6
-99.8
-99.3
-80.9
-99.2
-95.8
-81.3
-99.2
-95.8
-79.8
-99.5
-97.4
-86.7
-99.3
-95.0
-64.5
-99.4
-98.3
-90.6
-99.6
-95.9
-89.6
-99.7
-96.9
-84.7
-99.8
-99.0
-78.2
-99.7
-98.8
-64.0
-95.1
-86.5
NOx (tpd)
State County
SMKBEIS
AZ
Pima
3.79
AZ
Maricopa
3.07
CO
Boulder
0.24
CO
Denver
0.10
CO
El Paso
1.09
CO
Teller
0.03
NM Bernalillo
0.25
ID
Bear Lake
0.08
ID
Bingham
0.71
ID
Boise
0.03
UT
Box Elder
0.84
UT
Davis
0.13
UT
Salt Lake
0.27
UT
Weber
0.13
UT
Duchesne
0.20
UT
Uintah
0.29
WY Carbon
0.45
WY Teton
0.06
WY Laramie
2.25
WY Sublette
0.07
WY Lincoln
0.17
WY Sweetwater
0.28
WY Uinta
0.21
Domain Total
551
M04
0.46
0.55
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.01
0.03
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.06
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.04
0.01
0.04
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.01
24
M10
0.47
0.61
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
16
% (M04-B) % (M10-B) % (M10-M04)
-87.8
-87.6
1.0
-81.9
-80.0
10.9
-92.0
-97.5
-68.5
-96.5
-99.1
-73.8
-97.1
-98.0
-31.7
-71.0
-95.3
-83.9
-89.3
-89.6
-2.8
-95.8
-99.6
-91.2
-95.8
-100.0
-99.4
-85.9
-98.5
-89.3
-92.5
-99.3
-91.2
-94.4
-100.0
-99.2
-94.2
-99.8
-95.8
-94.2
-99.9
-99.0
-90.3
-99.3
-92.5
-92.3
-99.1
-88.4
-90.3
-99.4
-94.0
-79.7
-97.6
-88.1
-98.2
-99.6
-74.9
-84.9
-99.6
-97.1
-91.6
-99.6
-95.8
-86.7
-99.5
-96.2
-93.3
-99.9
-98.0
-95.6
-97.1
-32.8
ISOP and MTP - County Summary
Average Emission January 3 to 18, 2008
Domain: 4km
Note: Clark, NV is outside 4km domain.
Isoprene Emission and PFT Relationship - Slide 1
MEGAN v2.10(new)
Needle Leaf Deciduous
EF = 1 µg/m2-hr
Broadleaf Deciduous
Domain: 36km
Broadleaf Evergreen
EF = 10000 µg/m2-hr
EF = 10000 µg/m2-hr
Needle Leaf Evergreen
Shrub
EF = 600 µg/m2-hr
EF = 4000 µg/m2-hr
Isoprene Emission and PFT Relationship - Slide 2
MEGAN v2.10(new)
Crops
EF = 50 µg/m2-hr
Domain: 36km
Grass - Cold
Grass - Warm
EF = 1600 µg/m2-hr
EF = 200 µg/m2-hr
Corn
LAI
EF = 1 µg/m2-hr
Monoterpene Emission and PFT Relationship - Slide 1
MEGAN v2.10(new)
Needle Leaf Deciduous
EF = 40 – 510 µg/m2-hr
Broadleaf Deciduous
Domain: 36km
Broadleaf Evergreen
EF = 30 - 400 µg/m2-hr
EF = 30 - 400 µg/m2-hr
Needle Leaf Evergreen
Shrub
EF = 70 - 500 µg/m2-hr
EF = 50 - 300 µg/m2-hr
Monoterpene Emission and PFT Relationship - Slide 2
MEGAN v2.10(new)
Crops
EF = 0.3 - 5 µg/m2-hr
Domain: 36km
Grass - Cold
Grass - Warm
EF = 0.3 - 5 µg/m2-hr
EF = 0.3 - 5 µg/m2-hr
Corn
LAI
EF = 0.3 - 5 µg/m2-hr
Bark Beetle Infestation - Monoterpene
MEGAN v2.04 - Base
Domain: Denver – SIP 12km
Current Denver SIP
• 2008, MEGANv2.04
Bark Beetle
• Affecting needle leaf tree => MTP
• Sensitivity tests are based on 2006
meteorological data
• July - Monthly Average
2006 Bark Beetle - Base
2010 Bark Beetle - Base
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