Regional Policy within Europe 2020 Strategy

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MFF 2014-20
The Multi-annual Financial
Framework 2014-2020
Regional Policy
within Europe 2020 Strategy
Casa de Mateus
18/20 May 2012
© European Commission
1
MFF 2014-20
Overview of the presentation
1. Overall volume
2. Expenditure side
3. Own resources and corrections
N.B. This presentation is based on the presentations from the Commission to the press
and to the heads of representation, after the adoption of the proposals.
© European Commission
2
MFF 2014-20
The EU budget 1958 – 2013
(Payments, million €)
120000
100000
80000
60000
40000
20000
1958
1973
1981
1986
1995
2000
2006
2013
0
© European Commission
3
MFF 2014-20
Decreasing payment share
% of EU GNI
1,25%
1.27% of GNP ≡ 1.24% of GNI excl.
FISIM
27% of GNP
from 1.20% to 1.
1,20%
1.23% of GNI incl. FISIM
'93-'99 average 1.18%
Own Resources ceiling
1,15%
Payment ceiling of
Financial Framework
('14-'20 COM proposal)
1,10%
Payments actually
executed/appropriations
1,05%
'93-'99 average
1.06%
'07-'13 average 1.06%
'00-'06 average 1.06%
1,00%
'14-'20 average 1.00%
0,95%
'00-'06 average
0.94%
0,90%
© European Commission
20
20
20
19
20
18
20
17
20
16
20
15
20
14
20
13
20
12
20
11
20
10
20
09
20
08
20
07
20
06
20
05
20
04
20
03
20
02
20
01
20
00
19
99
19
98
19
97
19
96
19
95
19
94
19
93
0,85%
4
MFF 2014-20
Overall volume
Multi-Annual
Financial
Framework
Outside the
MFF
TOTAL
© European Commission
Billion
Percentage of
GNI
€ 1025
1,05
€ 58.5
0,06
€ 1083,5
1,11
5
MFF 2014-20
Major new elements
• Connecting Europe Facility
• Innovative financial instruments
• Key changes in research, cohesion, agriculture and external action
• Administrative rigour
• Simplification
• New Own resources
• Simplified system of corrections
© European Commission
6
MFF 2014-20
Despite restraint - significant redistribution in key policy areas
90,0
80,0
70,0
60,0
50,0
40,0
30,0
20,0
10,0
0,0
© European Commission
Research and
innovation
Education and
culture
Infrastructure
funding
Security and
citizenship
Global Europe
2007-2013
54,9
9,1
12,9
11,5
58,9
2014-2020
80,0
15,2
50,0
18,5
70,0
7
MFF 2014-20
Development of CAP and cohesion share in
the budget between 2013 and 2020
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Common agricultural policy
© European Commission
2018
2019
2020
Cohesion policy
8
MFF 2014-20
Connecting Europe Facility
• Interconnecting Europe through
energy, transport and digital
networks
• Cross-border multi-country
investments to the benefit of
internal market
50 billion €
• Strong co-ordination with
cohesion policy; same heading
40,0
25 billion €
• Proposed use of EU project
bonds
12,9
0 billion €
2007-2013
© European Commission
2014-2020
9
MFF 2014-20
Connecting Europe
© European Commission
10
MFF 2014-20
Cohesion policy
•
Common strategic framework for all
structural funds
•
Investment partnership contracts
with Member States
60%
•
Stronger conditionality
50%
40%
•
•
The biggest spending area by 2020
EU-15
30%
20%
Concentration on poorer and
weakest regions
EU-12
10%
0%
2007-2013
•
Thematic concentration
•
Transition regions
© European Commission
2014-2020
11
MFF 2014-20
Agriculture
• Declining share in the EU budget until 2020, from 41% to 36%
• Greening of CAP - direct aid 30 % linked to environment measures
• Progressive convergence towards EU average:
– Close 33% of the gap with 90% of EU average
– Financed by all Member States above the average
• Market measures: Emergency Mechanism
• European Globalisation Fund to help farmers adapt to globalisation
© European Commission
12
MFF 2014-20
A new own resources system
• Commission proposal :
– End statistical VAT own resource as of 2014
– Introduce 2 new own resources
• Financial Transaction Tax
• VAT resource
– Radically simplify the system of corrections
• In comparison with current system
– Simpler
– Fairer
– More transparent
© European Commission
13
MFF 2014-20
Own resources past changes
EU budget revenue
1958-2011
(in % of EU GNI)
1,20%
Other revenue & surplus
1,00%
GNI-based own resource
VAT-based own resource
0,80%
Other revenue & surplus
Traditional own resources (custom duties &
sugar levies)
Financial contributions
GNI-based own resource
0,60%
VAT-based own resource
0,40%
0,20%
Traditional own resources (custom
duties & sugar levies)
Financial contributions
0,00%
1958
1963
© European Commission
1968
1973
1978
1983
1988
1993
2003
2008
2011
14
MFF 2014-20
Comparison 2007/2013 - 2014/2020
COMPARISON BETWEEN 2007-2013 AND 2014-2020
Change (in %)
2011 prices
2007-2013
2013
2013 * 7
2014-2020
14-20 vs. 07- Statistical
14-20 vs 13
13
overhang
MFF
Commitments
Total
(MFF + outside
MFF)
Payments
MFF
© European Commission
993.6
146.4
1.12%
1.12%
1 034.5
151.3
1.17%
1.16%
942.8
137.8
1.06%
1.05%
1 024.8
1 059.4
964.4
1 025.0
in billion of euro
1.05%
in % of GNI
1 083.3
in billion of euro
1.11%
in % of GNI
972.2
in billion of euro
1.00%
in % of GNI
3.2%
3.1%
0.0%
4.7%
2.5%
2.3%
3.1%
2.3%
0.8%
15
MFF 2014-20
Innovative and responsible proposal
MULTIANNUAL FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK (EU-27)
COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS
(EUR million - 2011 prices)
Total
2019
2020
2014-2020
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
64 705
66 587
68 137
69 957
71 593
73 762
76 169
490 909
50 468
51 543
52 542
53 609
54 798
55 955
57 105
376 020
57 386
56 527
55 702
54 861
53 837
52 829
51 784
382 927
42 244
41 623
41 029
40 420
39 618
38 831
38 060
281 825
3. Security and citizenship
2 532
2 571
2 609
2 648
2 687
2 726
2 763
18 535
4. Global Europe
9 400
9 645
9 845
9 960
10 150
10 380
10 620
70 000
5. Administration
8 542
8 679
8 796
8 943
9 073
9 225
9 371
62 629
6 967
7 039
7 108
7 191
7 288
7 385
7 485
50 464
TOTAL COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS
as a percentage of GNI
142 565
1.08%
144 009
1.07%
145 088
1.06%
146 369
1.06%
147 340
1.05%
148 921
1.04%
150 708
1.03%
1 025 000
1.05%
TOTAL PAYMENT APPROPRIATIONS
as a percentage of GNI
133 851
1.01%
141 275
1.05%
135 510
0.99%
138 387
1.00%
142 234
1.01%
142 900
1.00%
137 975
0.94%
972 133
1.00%
1. Smart and Inclusive Growth
of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
2. Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources
of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments
of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions
© European Commission
16
MFF 2014-20
Figures Outside the Multi-Annual
Financial Framework
OUTSIDE THE MFF
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
350
429
1 000
500
500
2 450
3 000
7 000
3 500
3 500
886
834
624
834
299
834
291
834
261
834
232
834
114
834
2 707
5 841
EDF ACP
EDF OCT
Global Climate and Biodiversity Fund
3 271
46
p.m.
4 300
46
p.m.
4 348
46
p.m.
4 407
46
p.m.
4 475
46
p.m.
4 554
46
p.m.
4 644
46
p.m.
29 998
321
p.m.
TOTAL OUTSIDE THE MFF
7 815
8 583
8 306
8 357
8 395
8 445
8 416
58 316
150 380
1.13%
152 591
1.13%
153 394
1.12%
154 725
1.12%
155 735
1.11%
157 366
1.10%
159 124
1.09%
1 083 317
1.11%
Emergency Aid Reserve
European Globalisation Fund
Solidarity Fund
Flexibility instrument
Reserve for crises in the agricultural sector
ITER
GMES
TOTAL MFF + OUTSIDE MFF
as a percentage of GNI
© European Commission
17
MFF 2014-20
Change of Direct Payments between
2013 and 2020
€/ha 2013
€/ha 2020
Highest increase of all
Member States
87
144
66%
Highest reduction of all
Member States
462
431
-7%
© European Commission
Change
18
MFF 2014-20
Administrative expenditure
*
• Budget under restraint
– Staff reduction up to 5%
– Efficiency gains (increase working hours to 40 a week)
– Reviewing certain benefits in line with similar trends in Member
States
• Administrative expenditure discipline for all EU
institutions
* Excluding Pensions and European Schools
© European Commission
19
MFF 2014-20
MFF 2014/2020(commitments)
2011 prices
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
20142020
HEADING 1 Smart and Inclusive Growth
Galileo
Nuclear safety + decommissioning
CSF research and innovation
New Competitiveness/SME
Single Education, Training, Youth and Sport
Social development agenda
Customs-Fiscalis-Anti Fraud
Agencies
Other
Margin
2
279
9.768
177
1.305
119
107
258
308
49
1.100
134
10.079
235
1.423
121
120
237
267
513
1.100
134
10.529
270
1.673
121
120
291
267
533
900
134
10.979
305
1.923
121
120
290
267
553
900
134
11.429
340
2.173
121
120
291
267
573
700
55
11.879
375
2.423
121
120
265
267
593
900
55
12.329
410
2.673
121
120
326
267
613
1.400
55
12.776
445
2.923
124
120
331
267
633
7.000
700
80.000
2.380
15.210
850
840
2.030
1.868
4.009
Energy
Transport
ICT
Connecting Europe Facility
22
1.552
3
1.577
973
2.299
642
3.914
1.233
2.499
782
4.514
1.033
2.899
1.182
5.114
1.173
3.099
1.442
5.714
1.303
3.499
1.512
6.314
1.503
3.699
1.712
6.914
1.903
3.700
1.913
7.516
9.121
21.694
9.185
40.000
30.692
1.963
6.314
1.304
11.885
249
52.406
66.354
22.032
5.549
7.592
1.671
9.577
132
46.554
64.696
22.459
5.555
7.592
1.671
9.620
132
47.029
66.580
22.836
5.560
7.592
1.671
9.636
132
47.428
68.133
23.227
5.565
7.592
1.671
9.708
132
47.895
69.956
23.631
5.570
7.592
1.671
9.888
132
48.484
71.596
24.012
5.574
7.592
1.671
10.059
132
49.041
73.768
24.393
5.579
7.592
1.671
10.222
132
49.589
76.179
162.590
38.952
53.143
11.700
68.710
926
336.020
490.908
Regional convergence
Transition regions
Competitiveness
Territorial cooperation
Cohesion fund
Outermost and sparsely populated regions
Cohesion policy
H1 TOTAL
© European Commission
20
MFF 2014-20
MFF 2014/2020(commitments)
HEADING 2 Sustainable Growth: natural resources
Subceiling CAP (direct payments + market
expenditures)
Rural Development
EMFF (incl. market measures) + FPA's + RFMO's
Environment and climate action (Life+)
Agencies
Margin
H2 TOTAL
43.515
13.890
984
362
49
230
59.031
42.244
13.618
945
390
49
140
57.386
41.623
13.351
950
415
49
140
56.527
41.029
13.089
955
440
49
140
55.702
40.420
12.832
955
465
49
140
54.861
39.618
12.581
960
490
49
140
53.837
38.831
12.334
960
515
49
140
52.829
38.060
12.092
960
485
49
139
51.784
281.825
89.895
6.685
3.200
344
979
382.927
487
604
132
44
35
20
29
490
528
104
44
41
35
29
330
57
25
182
431
106
130
2.532
490
548
104
50
45
35
29
323
57
25
197
431
106
130
2.571
490
568
104
55
50
35
29
317
57
25
212
431
106
130
2.609
490
588
104
60
55
35
29
311
57
25
227
431
106
130
2.648
490
608
104
65
60
35
29
305
57
25
242
431
106
130
2.687
490
628
104
70
65
35
29
299
57
25
257
431
106
130
2.726
493
648
105
72
71
35
29
293
54
25
273
431
106
129
2.763
3.433
4.113
729
416
387
245
203
2.177
396
175
1.590
3.020
743
909
18.535
HEADING 3 Security and citizenship
Migration Management Fund
Internal Security
IT systems
Justice
Rights and Citizenship
Civil protection
Europe for Citizens
Food safety
Public Health
Consumer protection
Creative Europe Programme
Agencies
Other
Margin
H3 TOTAL
© European Commission
54
24
181
387
155
57
2.209
21
MFF 2014-20
MFF 2014/2020(commitments)
HEADING 4 Global Europe
Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA)
Eur. neighborhood Instr. (ENI)
EIDHR
Stability(IfS)
Security (CFSP)
Partnership Instrument (PI)
Development Coop Instr. (DCI)
Humanitarian aid
Civil Protection (CPFI) + ERC
EVHAC
Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC)
Macro-financial assistance
Gurantee fund for External actions
Agencies
Other
Margin
H4 TOTAL
1.888
2.268
169
357
352
70
2.553
841
5
0
76
132
250
20
141
101
9.222
1.789
2.100
200
359
359
126
2.560
930
30
20
80
85
236
20
134
1.789
2.213
200
359
359
130
2.682
925
30
22
80
85
231
20
134
1.789
2.226
200
359
359
135
2.808
920
30
25
80
85
226
20
189
1.789
2.265
200
359
359
141
2.938
915
30
29
80
85
195
20
134
1.789
2.340
200
359
359
148
3.069
910
30
33
80
84
157
20
134
1.789
2.439
200
359
359
156
3.202
905
30
38
80
84
128
20
134
1.789
2.514
200
359
359
164
3.338
900
30
43
80
85
84
20
134
374
9.400
388
9.645
396
9.845
422
9.960
439
10.150
458
10.380
523
10.620
12.520
16.097
1.400
2.510
2.510
1.000
20.597
6.405
210
210
560
593
1.257
137
995
3.000
70.000
1.522
6.802
510
8.833
1.575
6.812
155
8.542
1.640
6.869
170
8.679
1.687
6.924
185
8.796
1.752
6.991
200
8.943
1.785
7.074
215
9.073
1.839
7.156
230
9.225
1.886
7.239
247
9.371
12.165
49.064
1.400
62.629
145.650
1,12%
142.556
1,08%
144.002
1,07%
145.085
1,06%
146.368
1,06%
147.344
1,05%
148.928
1,04%
150.718
1,03%
1.025.000
1,05%
HEADING 5 Administration
Pension expenditures and European Schools
Adminstrative expenditure of the institutions
Margin
H5 TOTAL
TOTAL
in % of GNI
© European Commission
22
MFF 2014-20
New structure of own resources
Estimated Impact on
own resources structure
DB 2012
2020
bil. €
% of OR
bil. €
% of OR
Traditional OR
19,3
14,7
30,7
18,9
Existing national contributions
of which
- VAT-based OR
- GNI-based OR
111,8
85,3
65,6
40,3
14,5
97,3
11,1
74,2
65,6
40,3
66,4
40,8
29,4
37,0
18,1
22,7
162,7
100,0
New OR
of which
- VAT resource
- EU financial transaction tax
Total own resources
© European Commission
131,1
100,0
23
MFF 2014-20
EU taxation of financial sector
•
Commission proposal
– Introduce Financial transaction tax from 1/1/2018 at the lastest.
– Maximum tax rate to be set at the moment of legislative proposal (Autumn 2011)
•
Advantages
– Contributes to budgetary consolidation of Member States by reducing their
contributions to the EU budget
– Wide popular support. Eurobarometer: 61% in favour
– EP resolutions
– Financial transaction tax more efficient at EU level
– Centralised collection system possible
© European Commission
24
MFF 2014-20
VAT
• Commission proposal
– Maximum rate in OR decision: 2%
– New VAT resource from 1/1/2018 at the latest. Effective rate: 1 %
• Advantages
– Link EU VAT policy and EU budget
– Part of wider revision of VAT systems: fight against VAT fraud and
reinforce harmonisation of VAT systems
Combining the 2 new OR
– Critical mass to reduce contributions to EU budget
– Ensures fair distribution of impact on Member States
– Link to EU policies
© European Commission
25
MFF 2014-20
Correction mechanisms
•
Commission proposal
– Replace all corrections mechanisms by a system of fixed annual lump sums for 20142020
– Based on Fontainebleau principle:
"any member State sustaining a budgetary burden which is excessive in relation to its
relative prosperity may benefit from a correction at the appropriate time."
•
Advantages
– Fairness - equal treatment of the Member States
– Simplicity and transparency
– Lump-sum correction mechanism to correspond to MFF duration
– Avoids perverse incentives for expenditure
© European Commission
26
MFF 2014-20
Correction mechanisms
LUMP SUMS ADJUSTED FOR RELATIVE
PROSPERITY
(in million of euro
/ in current
prices)
Average annual
lumpsum
2014-2020
GROSS AMOUNT
© European Commission
DE
NL
SE
UK
2500
1050
350
3600
TOTAL
7500
27
MFF 2014-20
Abolish VAT-based
own resource
Way ahead
• Timing of negotiations:
– 2011: Preparatory work under PL presidency
– June 2012 (DK pres) : European Council level
– December 2012 (CY pres): Agreement on new MFF
regulation between European Parliament and Council
– 2013: Adoption by co-decision of new legal bases
© European Commission
28
MFF 2014-20
Multiannual Financial Framework
Thank You
© European Commission
29
MFF 2014-20
EU Budget = policy in numbers
Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lisbon Treaty : more responsibilities
Connect Europe better
Social, economic disparities
Unstable neighborhood
Austerity climate
Financial crisis interventions
Response to natural disasters
Ensure synergies to prove EU Valueadded
© European Commission
Responses
•
•
European logic fully geared to Europe
2020 strategy
Modernised budget
- output oriented, simplification,
conditionality, leveraging investment
•
Limited in size, but redesigned
- savings in some areas
- more to areas that matter
- multi-purpose expenditure
•
•
Budgetary rigour, administrative limits
New legitimacy of traditional policies
30
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