Describe What is sensory loss

advertisement





ObjectivesTo understand the main causes of sensory
loss
To be able to recognize signs of loss of
hearing or sight.
To understand the importance of effective
communication
To understand the impact of sensory loss

Sense.Org describes sensory loss as an
impairment either visual or auditory that
cannot be corrected by other means.


Congenital means – acquired before birth.
Acquired means- having a loss of hearing or
vision at any age, by any means.

Describe the different sensory loss that you
are aware of .
BlindnessCataracts,
Diabetic Retinopathy,
Glaucoma,
Macular degeneration,
Retinitis pigmentosa,
Viral causes, e.g. meningitis.
Trauma

DeafnessHereditary
Viral causes e.g. meningitis
Meniere's Disease
Age related ( presbyacusis)
Industrial and noise induced
Trauma

Deaf blindnessPremature birth
During pregnancy. E.g. rubella
CHARGE – a syndrome that includes, colobama
(colour pigment in the eye), heart problems, Atresio
of the coni (blockage at the back of the throat),
retardation of growth, irregular hormones, ear
problems (inner, drum or outer ear).
Genetic (usher or stickler syndrome)
Illness e.g. meningitis
Ageing


Describe the main causes of sensory loss and
explain the difference between congenital
and acquired.

A------ 356,000

B------222,000

C-----113,000

D----- 21,000

E-----3,000
356,000 – Deaf blind in the UK.
Of those
222,000 are aged over 70
113,000 are aged 20-69
21, 000 are under the age of 20
3000 are in an average environmental area,

Local Population
Women
0-9
10-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70-79
80-89
90+
Total
Men
0-9
10-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70-79
80-89
90+
Total
People
0-9
10-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70-79
80-89
90+
Total
Overall
prevalence
Estimates
More Severe Impairment
DeafBlind
8,000
9,000
8,000
9,000
12,000
10,000
10,000
6,000
3,000
700
75,700
2
3
10
1
3
4
7
38
39
39
146
7
4
3
5
27
32
47
87
133
94
437
9,000
9,000
9,000
9,000
11,000
9,000
9,000
5,000
2,000
300
72,300
5
1
3
1
2
5
45
21
35
38
30
10
6
6
14
45
113
53
81
38
395
156
More Severe Impairment
17,000
18,000
17,000
18,000
23,000
19,000
19,000
11,000
5,000
1,000
148,000
DeafBlind
6
4
13
2
6
9
52
58
75
77
303
37
14
8
11
41
76
160
140
213
132
832
Prevalence
More Severe Impairment
0.020%
0.029%
0.124%
0.013%
0.029%
0.043%
0.073%
0.628%
1.305%
5.571%
0.052%
0.016%
0.036%
0.009%
0.020%
0.053%
0.499%
0.413%
1.770%
12.757%
DeafBlind
0.085%
0.047%
0.034%
0.056%
0.223%
0.316%
0.471%
1.445%
4.419%
13.405%
0.334%
0.110%
0.063%
0.066%
0.128%
0.498%
1.253%
1.064%
4.029%
12.623%

Describe how many people are affected and
in your area ( work place or environment).
What may cause these sensory losses?






Holding reading materials nearer or farther
away than usual.
Sitting closer to the TV.
Bumping into or tripping over objects.
Difficulty in determining floor level changes.
Discomfort with changes between light and
dark
Difficulty in seeing objects to the side.






Apparent inattention
Withdrawal
Excessively loud voice
Asking you to repeat what has been said
Turning the TV volume up
Complaining of not being able to hear when
there is background noise or “not being able
to hear like I used to “.

Combination of hearing or visual signs.
Outline the indicators and signs of
 Sight loss
 Deafblindness
 Hearing Loss
DescribeIf you recognised these signs in any of the
service users, where would you record and who
would you report it to?









www.actionforblindpeople.org.uk
www.deafblinduk.org.uk
www.skillsforcare.org.uk
www.rnib.org.uk
www.rnid.org.uk
www.sense.org.uk
www.visionary.org.uk
Disability discrimination act


Describe where you can access advice and
support in relation to sensory loss.
If you are using previous mentioned support
sites, please write a paragraph on how these
offer support.


List the positive and negative impacts that a
sensory loss could have on an individual,
i.e. not being able to take out money from an
ATM machine.






Affects their identity and sense of belonging
Opportunities to socialize/ relationships
Affects confidence
Access to information
Personal independence
Affects working




Part 1
Discuss possible attitudes or beliefs that
could disadvantage service users.
Part 2
How could these be resolved?
Cant see the clock and tell
the time due to my visual
impairment
Cant co-ordinate the
colours of my clothing.
I can’t hear the phone
ringing .
I want to play bingo but the
background noise is too
loud.
I want to join the deaf club
in the village, because I am
registered deaf but can
hear slightly, they will not
let me join in .



Outline how a range of factors have a
negative and positive impact on individuals
with sensory loss, including peoples attitudes
and beliefs.
Describe how you could overcome the factors
that have a negative impact on individuals.
Identify steps that could be taken to
overcome abilities.





A way to reach out to people
To pass on information in a variety of ways
i.e. verbal, written, body language,
electronically etc.
To form relationships
To express feelings and emotions
It is a basic requirement for living a day to
day life

Complete the following;
statement
Who would this
affect?
Make yourself knownapproach from the front
Blind/deafblind S.U. Will sense your approach
and may be unsure who you
are.
If you have a unisex
name e.g. Chris, explain
your gender
Inform the S.U. if you
move the furniture
Using pictures to give
choices
Ensure suitable
environment when
communication, eg
lights, noise etc
Speak clearly and don’t
shout.
Wearing Red lipstick
Why?




Outline what needs to be considered when
communicating with individuals with
Sight loss
Hearing loss
Deaf Blindness
Download
Related flashcards

Deaf sportspeople

64 cards

Auditory system

47 cards

Hearing

18 cards

Noise

17 cards

Deafness

27 cards

Create Flashcards