Hajj – English Powerpoint

Merits of Hajj
Narrated Abu Huraira (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu):
Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)
said: “An ‘Umrah is an expiation for sins committed
between it and the next, but an accepted Hajj will
receive no less reward than Paradise.” {Agreed
Narrated Abu Huraira (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu):
Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)
was asked: “Which is the best deed?” He said: “To
believe in Allah and His Messenger.” He was
asked: “Which is the next (in goodness).” He said:
“To participate in Jihad in Allah’s Cause.” He was
then asked: “Which is the next?” He said: “To2
Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers) said: “O
Allah’s Messenger! We consider Jihad as the best
deed.” The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)
said: “The best Jihad is Hajj Mabrur.” (Bukhari)
Narrated Abu Huraira (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu): The
Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi
wa sallam) said:
“Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s pleasure and
does not have sexual relations with his wife, and
does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj,
free from all sins) as if he were born a new.”
The Aim: Hajj Mabrur
• Hajj Mabrur is:
1.Hajj which is free from sins, in full obedience to
2.Performing it for Allah’s sake, with no hypocrisy (full
3.Performing the Pillars and obligatory acts of Hajj
according to the Sunnah.
Preparation for Hajj
• 1.Sincerity
• 2.Repentance from all the sins
• 3.Settling all disputes and asking forgiveness from
• 4.Writing the will
• 5.Giving the due payment
• 6.Choosing the good fellowship
• 7.The Expense for Hajj should be lawful
• 8.Learning about Hajj and ‘Umrah
• 9.Memorizing supplications from Qur’an and
What can you take with you?
Two Sheets of
Permissible to wear these
Unperfumed Vaseline can
be used to prevent
inflammation of the thigh
What can you take with you?
Lots of Patience
1.Especially in the last days because of tiredness.
2.Invoke Allah to give you patience.
3.Do not be angry.
4.Let your greatest concern be: “Is Allah going to accept
it from me or not?”
• 5.Seek help (Isti’aanah) from Allah all the time.
Kinds of Hajj
1. Tamattu’:
• To perform ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj,
then perform Hajj
• One has to offer a sacrifice (Hadiy)
2. Qiraan:
Enter the state of Ihraam with the intention
of performing ‘Umrah and Hajj
One has to offer a sacrifice (Hadiy)
3. Ifraad :
Enter the state of Ihraam with the intention
of performing Hajj only
No Hadiy is required from him
The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ordered his
Companions to perform Tamattu; in case they didn’t bring a
Hadiy (sacrificial animal) with them.
Narrated Ibn Abbas: “The Prophet (Salla-Allahu
‘alaihi wa sallam) appointed the following places as
Miqaat (the place for entering the state of Ihraam):
Dhul-Hulaifa for the people of Al-Madinah, Al-Juhfa
for the people of Sham, Qarn Al- Manaazil for the
people of Najd, and Yalamlam for the people of the
Yemen. So, these Meeqats are for those living at
those places, and for people of other regions who
come through them- if they are intending to perform
Hajj and ‘Umrah. Whoever is living within these
Miqaats should enter the state of Ihraam from where
he sets out from; even the inhabitants of Makkah
“from it only.” (Agreed upon)
Dhul Hulaifa
The Red Sea
Qarn Al-Manazil
Arriving in Jeddah
• 1. If you are going to Jeddah
by airplane, then you have
to put on your Ihraam in the
• 2. When you arrive at the
Jeddah airport, your
patience could be tested. It’s
possible you could be
waiting for 2-12 hours or
more in the airport.
• 3. Practice good patience
and well treatment with
customs officials because
they work long hours to
serve the Pilgrims.
‘Umrah Step by Step…
‘Umrah in Brief
Ihraam (Pillar)
Circumambulation- Tawaaf (Pillar)
Sa’iy (Pillar)
Shaving or shortening hair (Obligatory)
Ihraam for ‘Umrah
• Take a bath (Sunnah).
• The man should put perfume on his body and
• Man takes off his clothes and wears Ihraam
• A woman may not cover her face with Niqaab
(face-veil) or hands with gloves. However, she
should use her head covering to cover her face in
the presence of strangers.
Ihraam for ‘Umrah
Note: All the previous acts are preparation
for Ihraam, not the Ihraam itself.
He who intends to perform ‘Umrah should
‫لبيك اللهم عمرة‬
Labbaik-Allahumma ‘Umrah
From this moment he is considered to be in the state of Ihraam.
After intention he begins Talbiyah saying:
• . ‫ ال شريك لك‬،‫ إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك‬،‫ لبيك ال شريك لك لبيك‬،‫لبيك اللهم لبيك‬
• (Labbaik Allahumma labbaik, labbaik la shareeka laka labbaik. Innal-hamda wan
ni’mata laka wal mulk. Laa shareeka lak)
He continues reciting Talbiyah until he
sees the Ka’bah
It is Sunnah to raise one’s voice in the
Narrated Kallad bin as-Saib on his father’s
authority; Allah’s Messenger said:
“Jibril came to me and commanded me
to order my companions to raise their
voices with the Talbiyah.”
(Reported by Al-Khamsa)
Forbidden things in Ihraam
1. To wear any seamed garment for men:
• - Like a shirt, a turban, trousers, a hooded
garment, leather socks, gloves.
• - It is Sunnah for the garment to be white for
men, and the woman can choose any color
she likes as long as it does not have
temptation or attraction for men.
• - It is forbidden for women to wear Niqaab
(face veil) or hand gloves. But in the
presence of men she can lower her headscarf on her face and cover her hands with
some cloth.
Forbidden things in Ihraam (for men)
2. Covering the head or face with
anything that clings to it like hat,
turban, bonnet, cap. If it is not
attached like an umbrella or tent, or
the roof of a car, then it is allowable.
Forbidden things in Ihraam
3. Applying perfume for men and women:
-It is Sunnah to put on perfume before Ihraam.
If some scent remains, there is no harm.
It is not allowed to smell perfume deliberately.
It is not allowed to mix coffee with saffron or
rose water or any similar thing that you can
feel, smell or taste.
It is not allowed to use perfumed soap.
Forbidden things in Ihraam
4. Shaving or cutting hair from the head
or body
5. Cutting nails of hands or toes
• If one’s nail is broken and it is harming
him, then it is allowable to cut it.
Forbidden things in Ihraam
6. To Marry:
• The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
“A Muhrim should neither get married himself,
nor should he have marriage performed on his
behalf, nor should he propose.” (Muslim)
• If a marriage contract is done in the state of
Ihraam, then it is considered to be incorrect.
Forbidden things in Ihraam
7. Hunting:
Allah said:
‫هللا ال ِذي إل ْي ِه‬
َ ‫َوحُرِّ َم َعليْك ْم‬
َ ‫ص ْي ُد ال َبرِّ َما ُدمْت ْم ُح ُرما ً َواتقوا‬
َ ‫تحْ َشر‬
It is forbidden to hunt animals or to help in
hunting through gesture or weapons or to
drive the animals for hunting in the Sacred
Forbidden things in Ihraam
8. Sexual Intercourse and all matters related to it like talking
about it, or kissing.
It is one of the greatest things that affects the Hajj.
If it happens before the first Tahallul, one should:
1. repent because he is a sinner.
2. offer a she-camel as a sacrifice and distribute it to the poor
persons in the Haram.
3. One’s Hajj is nullified.
4. He should continue it.
5. He should perform (another) Hajj the following year to make up
for it.
If it happens after the first Tahallul, then one should:
1. offer a sheep as a sacrificial animal and distribute it to the poor.
2. go back to the ‘Hill and renew the Ihraam and make Tawaaf AlIfadha.
Mistakes concerning Ihraam
Passing by the Miqaat without Ihraam
Considering the wearing of the two sheets in
Thinking that praying two Rak’at before
Ihraam is obligatory or a condition
Thinking that taking a bath for Ihraam is a
condition; taking a bath is Sunnah and Ihraam
is correct without it.
Idtibaa (uncovering the right shoulder) all the
time. It is Sunnah only upon arrival for Tawaaf.
Mistakes concerning Ihraam
Thinking that anything that is stitched is not
allowed to use; it is only forbidden if it is fitting (to
the body).
Thinking that women in menses are not allowed to
assume Ihraam. So she passes by Miqaat without
Ihraam. She can do everything including wearing
Ihraam except Tawaaf and prayer. The Prophet
(Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “You should do
as other pilgrims do except for performing Tawaaf of
the Ka’bah, which you can do when you regain ritual
Thinking that women in Ihraam should wear a
special color like white
To the Sacred Mosque
‫المسجد الحرام‬
Rukn Yamani
Door of Ka’bah
Rukn Shaami
The Black Stone
Door of
King Fahd
To Safaa
Rukun Iraqi
Hijr Isma’eel
Zamzam Water
Maqam Ibrahim
Do You Remember
Rukn Iraqi
Maqam Ibrahim
Hijr Ismaeel
Rukn Shaami
?The Black Stone
? Yamaani
Ka’bah from the Inside
‫‪Entering the Sacred Mosque‬‬
‫‪• One should step in with‬‬
‫‪the right foot and recite‬‬
‫‪the following invocation:‬‬
‫اللهم صل على محمد وسلم‪ ،‬اللهم –‬
‫افتح لي أبواب رحمتك‪.‬‬
‫أو ‪ :‬أعوذ باهلل العظيم وبوجهه –‬
‫الكريم وسلطانه القديم من الشيطان‬
Entering the Sacred Mosque
• With the Name of Allah and
peace and blessings be upon
Allah’s Messenger. I seek
refuge with Allah, the AllMighty, by His Noble Face
and His ancient Rulership
and Authority, against the
accursed Satan. O Allah!
Open the gates of Your
Mercy for me.
• It is a condition for Tawaaf
• cover one’s Awrah – Purity
of body and clothes- (purity
from major and minor
• You intend Tawaaf for
• You have to make seven
rounds, with the Ka’bah on
your left side, beginning
from the Black Stone and
ending with it.
Hijr Ismaeel
Door of Ka’bah
To Zamzam
To Safaa
Start Line
Idtibaa and Raml
• It is a Sunnah in
‘Umrah Tawaaf (and
every arrival Tawaaf)
to make :
• Idtibaa: Uncover the
right shoulder
• Raml: To walk at a
brisk pace in the first
three rounds
• You should first face the Black Stone, touch it
with your right hand, and if possible kiss it,
• In the Name of Allah. Allah is Most Great.
• O Allah! I do so with faith in You, believing in
Your Book, honoring the promise to You and
following the Sunnah of Your Messenger
Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).
• If it is difficult to touch it, you should make a
gesture to the Black Stone.
Supplication for Tawaaf
• There is no particular supplication for Tawaaf.
• There is no basis in Shari’ah for who invented
a particular supplication for each round of
• It is desirable to recite the following
supplication while walking between Rukn
Yamani and the Black Stone:
• ‫ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة و في اآلخرة حسنة و قنا عذابا النار‬
• O Our Lord! Grant us the good in this life and
in the next life and save us from the torment
of Hell-fire.
Sequence in Tawaaf
If the prayer is held while you are making
Tawaaf, or you want to drink water, you can do
so and continue after that.
If the break is long, then you should begin your
Tawaaf because sequence is a condition.
If you nullify your ablution, then you should rebegin your Tawaaf because purity is a
Doubts in Tawaaf
If you doubt how many rounds you have
completed, then consider the lesser
number because it is certain.
If you doubt after finishing Tawaaf, then it
is not considered.
Maqaam Ibrahim
• It is Sunnah to offer two
Rak’at at Ibrahim Station
after finishing Tawaaf. If
this is not possible due
to a crowd, one should
perform it in any part of
the mosque.
• In the two Rak’at one
should recite Surat AlKafiroon and Surat AlIkhlas
Maqaam Ibrahim
The trace of Ibrahim’s feet
• It is preferable to
drink Zamzam water
after offering the
two Rak’at.
• It is preferable to
drink as much as
you can, and supplicate.
Taps of Zamzam water
When you go towards
Safaa you recite the verse:
ِ ‫إِنَّ الصَّفا َوال َمرْ َوة ِمن َش َعآ ِئر‬
َ ‫ف َمنْ َح َّج ال َبي‬
‫ْت أو اعْ ت َم َر فال ُج َنا َح‬
‫طو َع‬
َّ ‫ف به َما َو َمن َت‬
َّ ‫َعل ْي ِه أن َي‬
َ ‫طو‬
.‫هللا َشا ِك ٌر َعلِيم‬
َ َّ‫ َخيْراً فإن‬And you
say: (I begin with what
Allah began with), then
mount As-Safaa.
It is desirable to face the
Qiblah and recite the
following supplication:
‫ال إله إال هللا وحده ال –‬
‫شريك له‪ ،‬له الملك وله‬
‫الحمد‪ ،‬يحيي ويميت‪،‬‬
‫وهو على كل شيء‬
‫ال إله إال هللا وحده ال –‬
‫شريك له‪ ،‬أنجز وعده‬
‫ونصر عبده وهزم‬
‫األحزاب وحده‪.‬‬
– There is no true God but Allah and Allah is
Most Great. There is no true God but Allah.
He is One, having no partner. And to Him
belongs the kingdom, and all praises. He
causes life and death. He has authority over
everything. There is no true God but Allah
Alone. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory
to His slave and He Alone defeated the
Ahzaab. You should raise your hands while
supplicating. Invoke Allah after this
supplication for anything you want. These
supplications can be recited thrice.
• After descending
one should move
towards mount AlMarwah
• On reaching the first
green-light sign, the
males should walk
at a brisk pace until
they reach the other
green sign.
• Then one should climb
mount Al-Marwah and
recite the same
supplication said at AsSafaa.
• It should be done
seven times.
• To walk towards one
side is reckoned as one
Sa’y trip and to return
is another.
• It is permissible to
perform Sa’y in a state
of impurity.
Shaving or shortening the hair
• After completing Sa’y,
one should shave or
shorten his hair.
• It is not permissible to
cut or shave only part
of the head hair.
• Women should cut the
length of a fingertip
from their hair.
• Having performed
these rites one
completes ‘Umrah.
Mistakes Performed in Sa’y
Raising your hands at Safaa, as if you are making
Takbeer. The Sunnah is to raise your hands in
Walking at a brisk pace in all Sa’y, the Sunnah is
only between the green light signs.
Reciting the verse every time you walk towards
Safaa or Marwah. The Sunnah is to recite the verse
only in the beginning when you start in the
direction to Safaa.
Thinking that going from Safaa to Marwah and
going back is one Sa’y trip. The right way is that
walking one way is reckoned as one Sa’y trip.
Staying in Makkah
Staying in Makkah
• If you are doing Hajj Tamattu’ then you stay
after ‘Umrah till the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah.
• Time in Makkah is precious; therefore, do
not waste it in visiting malls.
• Be careful, evil deeds and sins are more
grevious in Makkah than any other place.
Crowded streets around Masjid al-Haraam
Hajj Step by Step
Hajj, step by step-Summary
• Ihraam on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah
• 8th of Dhul-Hijjah: Stay/sleep in Mina
• 9th of Dhul Hijjah (during the day):Stand at
• 9th of Dhul Hijjah (night): Spend the night at AlMuzdalifah
• 10th of Dhul-Hijjah:
– Throwing the pebbles
– Slaughtering
– Shaving or shortening the hair
– Tawaaf al-Ifaadah
– Sa’y
• 11th, 12th, & 13th of Dhul-Hijjah:
. Throwing the pebbles, spending the night at
‫صورة بالقمر الصناعي‬
– ‫المشاعر‬
Khaif Mosque
Al-Masjid Al-Haraam
Al-Rahma Mountain
Namerah Mosque
Al-Haram Mosque
Ihraam for Hajj
• On the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah
you should put on Ihraam
for Hajj and say:
“Labbaik- Allahumma
• One should frequently
recite the Talbiyah.
Ihraam for Hajj
• It is Sunnah to go to
Mina before midnoon.
Offer the prayers of
Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib,
Isha and Fajr at Mina.
Each prayer should be
performed at its
appointed time in Qasr
(shortened form). They
should not be
• It is Sunnah to spend
the night at Mina.
Al-Khaif mosque‫الخيف‬
in Mina.‫مسجد‬
70 Prophets prayed in it.
Going from Mina to Arafaat- after sunrise
on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah
Reach Arfaat before midnoon if possible
• After listening to the sermon, you should pray
Dhuhr and Asr together in Qasr, with a
single Adhan and two Iqaamahs
• You should face the
Qiblah and strive your
utmost in remembering Allah, invoking Him
and supplicating in
every possible mode,
whole heartedly.
Merits of the Day of Arafah
• Aisha (Radia-Allahu
‘anha) narrated that the
Prophet (Salla-Allahu
‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
“Allah does not release
more of His slaves from
Hell than on the Day of
Arafah. He becomes
closer to them and
speaks proudly of them
to His angels. He says:
‘What do these slaves of
Mine seek?’”
• While supplicating, one
should raise both hands.
• The Prophet said: “The
best supplication is on
the day of Arafah and the
best (supplication) that I
and the Messengers
preceding me have said
is: “La ilaaha illa Allah
wahdahu laa shareeka
lahu lahul-mulku wa
lahul-hamdu, Yuhyee wa
yumeetu, wa Huwa ala
kulli shay’in Qadeer.”
Leaving Arafaat
• After sunset you should
return calmly to AlMuzdalifah. The
Prophet (Salla-Allahu
‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
“O people, be tranquil.”
• You should frequently
recite the Talbiyah.
Mistakes Committed at Arafah
Fasting the day of Arafah. The Sunnah is not
to fast if you are a pilgrim, in order to be
stronger for invocation.
Leaving Arafah before sunset. You should
stay in Arafah until sunset.
Climbing Ar-Rahma Mountain to make
invocation. The Sunnah is to face the Qiblah
any place in Arafaat and make invocation.
Wasting time in talking or wandering or
eating or sleeping.
At Muzdalifah
• When you reach
Muzdalifah you
should immediately
offer the prayers of
Maghrib and Isha
(Qasr) combined
with a single Adhan
and two Iqaamahs.
At Muzdalifah
• Then you should go to
• Pray Fajr in its earliest
stated time.
At Muzdalifah
• It is permissible to send
women and children to
Mina after midnight.
• Narrated Aisha (RadiaAllahu Anha): Saudah
(Radia-Allahu Anha) asked
permission from Allah’s
Messenger (Salla-Allahu
‘alayhi wa saalam) to go on
(to Mina) before him on
the night of Al-Muzdalifah.
She was slow, heavy, so he
gave her permission.”
(Agreed upon)
At Muzdalifah
• After Fajr prayer, you
should stand facing the
Qiblah and remember
Allah, and offer
supplications. Glorify Allah
as much as possible till it
becomes bright in the
• Then you move towards
Mina before sunrise, saying
the Talbiyah.
• You should hurry while
traversing the valley of
Muhassar, a place of
torment in the past.
Mistakes Committed at Muzdalifah
Delaying Maghrib and Isha prayers till after
midnight. One should pray before midnight
even if he didn’t reach Muzdalifah.
Collecting pebbles from Muzdalifah. One can
collect them from any place.
Moving from Muzdalifah before Fajr. The
Prophet (Salla-Allah ‘alaihi wa sallam) did not
give permission except to the weak and
Staying in Muzdalifah till sunrise. The Sunnah
is to move before sunrise.
At Mina
• You reach Mina on the
10th of Dhul-Hijjah;
moving, after sunrise,
you should:
- Throw the pebbles.
- Slaughter the
sacrificial animal.
- Shave or shorten the
- Perform Tawaaf alIfaadah and Sa’y
Casting the Pebbles at Mina
size of
• You should stone
Jamrat Al-Aqabah
with seven pebbles,
one after another.
Akbar) each time
you cast.
Do not cast before
sunrise; you can cast
at noon or night.
Slaughtering at Mina
• You should slaughter the
sacrificial animal any place in
Mina or Makkah.
• The Sunnah is to sacrifice
with your hands if possible
saying: (Bismillah, Allahu
akbar, Haadha minka wa
laka) i.e. In the Name of
Allah. Allah is Most Great. O
Allah! This is from You and
for You.
Mina – shaving the hair
-The pilgrim should shave his
hair or shorten it. Shaving is
preferable, for the Prophet
(Salla-Allahu ‘alayhi wa
sallam) prayed thrice for the
mercy for the shaving and
once for the shortening.
- It is not enough to get only
part of the hair cut, rather
the hair of the whole head
should be cut .
- Women should cut the length
of a fingertip from their hair.
Mina-the first phase of lifting the restrictions
• After casting the
pebbles and shaving
the head, one in Ihraam
is free to have all the
things which had been
prohibited for him
during the state of
Ihraam except for
having a relation with
one’s wife (i.e. sexual
relation, fondling,
kissing, etc).
Makkah – Tawaaf al-Ifaadah
- You should perform
Tawaaf al-Ifaadah;
seven circles without
Raml or Idhibaa.
- After Tawaaf, offer two
Rak’at behind Maqam
Ibrahim if possible, or
any place if you can
• You should perform
Sa’y between Safaa and
• With this you reach the
second phase of lifting
the restrictions even
enjoying with women
(i.e. sexual relation and
what precedes it).
Mina- Sleeping on the 11th, 12th, 13th of
• In these days, pilgrims
should stay in Mina
three days and three
nights. It is obligatory
to spend the first and
second nights at Mina.
If the pilgrim intends to
leave Mina soon after
casting the pebbles the
first two days, he
should leave before
sunset of the second
Mina- Casting Pebbles
• On each day, the pilgrim should
cast pebbles at the Jamarat
after mid day or at night to
avoid crowds.
• It should start with the first
Jamarah which is situated near
Khaif mosque. Seven pebbles
should be hurled at it, one after
another. After stoning, one
should move forward a bit and
make the Jamarah on the right
side while facing the Qiblah and
one should raise both hands
and make as many supplications
as possible. Like wise the
second, then the third.
Mina -Casting the Pebbles
• Similarly, on the second
day, one should cast the
pebbles at the three
Jamarat, in the same
manner as done on the
first day, in order.
• Staying two days in Mina is
permissible but extending
them for the third is
Mistakes in Casting Pebbles
Casting the pebbles before noon. It should
begin after noon. If it is crowded, you can cast
at night.
Hurling the pebbles all together. It should be
one after another.
Washing the pebbles. They should be cast
Casting with more than seven.
Putting the pebbles without casting. One should
raise his hand each time when casting the
Mistakes Committed at Mina
Spending the days of Tashreeq outside
Mina, and this is a disruption of the
obligatory matter.
Performing farewell Tawaaf before
casting pebbles. You should end with the
farewell Tawaaf.
Leaving before the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah
Old Bridge of Jamarat 2001
New Bridge of Jamarat (2006/2007)
New Bridge of Jamarat (after finished)
Mina 1953
The Last Day
• When Pilgrims intend to leave
Makkah, they must perform
farewell Tawaaf so that they
spend their last moments at
the Ka’bah.
• The only exception are
menstruating women and
women with postnatal
• Narrated Ibn Abbas: “The
people were commanded to
make the house (Tawaafwada) their last act (before
leaving Makkah), except that
the women in menses were
exempted.” (Agreed upon)
Pillars of Hajj
1. Ihraam
2. Standing at Arafaat
3. Tawaaf Al-Ifaadah
4. Sa’y
You should
fulfill the pillars
Or your Hajj
Obligatory Acts of Hajj
Disruption of the obligatory
acts requires offering.
1. Ihraam from Miqaat
2. Standing at Arafaat till night
3.Spending a night in Muzdalifah
4. Spending the nights in Mina
5.Casting pebbles consecutively
6. Shaving or shortening the hair
7. Farewell- Tawaaf
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