Housing presentation

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The Croydon Monitoring
Report
Homes
January 2015
The Croydon Local Plan aims to…
Deliver 20,200 new
homes between 2011
and 2031
Address the borough's
need for affordable
homes
Address the borough's
need for homes of
different sizes
Delivering 20,200 new homes
between 2011 and 2031
Indicator 1
The number of
new homes built
in Croydon
Indicator 2
Net additional
homes by
Place
Target 1
Annual average of 1,330 homes between
2011 and 2021 and annual average of 690
homes between 2021 and 2031
Target 2
There should be a higher proportion of growth
in Croydon Opportunity Area, Waddon, Purley,
Coulsdon, and Broad Green & Selhurst
Indicator 3
Proportion of new homes
by Public Transport
Accessibility Level (PTAL)
Target 3
Majority of new development to
be located in PTALs 4, 5, 6a or 6b
The number of new homes built in Croydon - past, present and future
In the mid-2000’s the rate of
housebuilding in Croydon was
growing in common with the
rest of London
1800
1600
The recent economic
downturn had an impact on
house building rates in
Croydon but they have since
started to recover to prerecession levels
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08
2008/09
2009/10
2010/11
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
2017/18
2018/19
2019/20
2020/21
2021/22
2022/23
2023/24
2024/25
2025/26
2026/27
2027/28
2028/29
2029/30
2030/31
Number of Dwellings
1400
Year
Net additional dwellings (with planning permission or allocated)
Total new homes already built
London Plan requirement (net additional requirement from all sources)
In 2013/14 a total of 1,297
new homes were built in
Croydon, the third highest total
in London (after Newham and
Southwark)
The Croydon Local Plan
needs to allocate sites to
maintain supply and help meet
housing need and the new,
higher London Plan targets
The number of new homes built in
Croydon - surpluses and deficits
2000
2030/31
2027/28
2024/25
2021/22
2018/19
2015/16
2012/13
2009/10
2006/07
0
2003/04
1000
-1000
-2000
-3000
A legacy of low house building rates in the
1990’s was a shortfall of over 1,500 homes
in the borough by 2004
In the development boom in the 2000’s the
shortfall became a surplus
Now with the economic downturn and a
London Plan with higher targets a shortfall
has appeared in Croydon in recent years
-4000
-5000
-6000
-7000
Cumulative Difference between London Plan
requirement and actual completions of net additional
new dwellings
If all the homes granted permission in
Croydon were built then this shortfall would
disappear by 2020
The Croydon Local Plan will need to
allocate sites to ensure that a surplus is
maintained beyond 2020 to help meet the
need for new homes in the borough as
otherwise the surplus will quickly become a
deficit again
Net additional homes by Place
Between April 2011 and March
2014 the most residential
growth took place in the
Places of Croydon Opportunity
Area, Broad Green, Coulsdon,
Purley, South Norwood &
Woodside and Waddon
Areas in the east of the
borough and also Norbury saw
the lowest levels of growth
With the exception of the
higher levels of growth in
South Norwood & Woodside
this is as planned by the
Croydon Local Plan
Net additional homes by
Public Transport Accessibility Level (PTAL)
The Croydon Local Plan
seeks to reduce the need to
travel by concentrating
development in areas with a
higher PTAL rating
PTAL of total homes built (2011-2014)
PTAL of 6a or
6b
26%
PTAL of 0, 1a
or 1b
12%
PTAL of 2
11%
From 2011 to 2014 the
majority of new homes (58%)
were in areas with a PTAL
rating of 3 or below
The Croydon Local Plan will
need to encourage provision
of new homes in more
accessible locations
PTAL of 5
6%
PTAL of 4
10%
PTAL of 3
35%
Type of homes built in Croydon
1%
8%
10%
1%
3%
7%
82%
88%
New Build
Extension of an existing home
Change of use of a property to a single residential use
House or Bungalow
Flat or Maisonette
Studio or Self Contained Bedsit
Live-Work unit
Conversion of a property to multiple residential units
Most new homes in Croydon 2013/14 were
new build and most were flats or
maisonettes, with just 3% of new homes
being houses
It is a requirement of the London Plan that
all new homes meet the Lifetime Homes
standard but in 2013/14 only 27% of new
homes definitely met this grade
27%
51%
22%
Lifetime Homes
Not Lifetime Homes
Unknown
Address the borough's need
for affordable homes
Indicator 1
The number of new
homes completed in
the borough by
tenure
Indicator 2
Amount of money
from commuted sums
received and number
of affordable homes
provided from this
income
Target 1a
25% of all new
homes to be
social or
affordable rent
Target 1b
10% of all new
homes to be
intermediate
shared ownership
Target 2
The total sum of affordable homes
provided on site, on donor sites and via
commuted sums should result in the
equivalent of the borough-wide minimum
provision on all sites with 10 or more
new homes
Providing affordable homes in Croydon
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
% Social/affordable rented homes in year
Social Rent/Affordable Rent % target (from UDP/Croydon Local Plan)
Prior to 2013/14 the provision
of social or affordable rented
homes in the borough has
been between 23% and 36%
of all new homes and
intermediate homes provision
has been between 7% and
22%
% Intermediate homes in year
Intermediate % target (from UDP/Croydon Local Plan)
In 2013/14 only
9% of
completions were
for affordable
rented homes
and 5% were for
intermediate
homes
It is now known whether the
low level of completions of
affordable housing in 2013/14
is an anomaly or not as most
affordable housing is provided
on sites bought by housing
associations after planning
permission has been granted
Providing affordable homes in Croydon
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Cummulative % of social/affordable rented homes over period
Social Rent/Affordable Rent % target (from UDP/Croydon Local Plan)
Cummulative % of intermediate homes over period
Intermediate % target (from UDP/Croydon Local Plan)
Although affordable housing completions in 2013/14 were lower as a
percentage of overall completions the total number of completions since 2011
still meet the targets set in the Croydon Local Plan: Strategic Policies for 25%
of all completions to be for affordable or social rent, and 10% of completions
to be for intermediate homes
Raising finance for new affordable homes
The Council has £2 million of money paid in lieu of
on-site provision of affordable housing
All of this funding is from planning permissions
granted prior to the new Croydon Local Plan policy
being prepared and does not relate to the boroughwide minimum requirements
This money will be managed through the Council’s
Infrastructure Finance Group and the Housing and
Regeneration Service to support the provision of
affordable homes in the borough
Address the borough's need
for homes of different sizes
Indicator
The number of
new homes
completed in the
borough by size
of home
Target a
60% of homes
outside of Croydon
Opportunity Area to
have 3 or more
bedrooms
Target b
Within Croydon
Opportunity Area
20% of homes to
have 3 or more
bedrooms
Trends over time
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
% 1 and 2 bed homes
During the
development boom in
the 2000’s four out of
every five new homes
were one and two
bedroom flats
% 3 or more bedroom homes
The proportion of new homes
that have three or more
bedrooms gradually started to
increase between 2008 and
2013 but in 2014 the
proportion dropped to 9%
Since 2011 on average
four out of five new homes
have again been one and
two bedroom flats and the
60% strategic target is not
being achieved
The size of homes built during the last three years
Over the last three years just
under a ¼ of all new homes
outside of the Croydon
Opportunity Area have had 3 or
more bedrooms
Within the Croydon Opportunity
Area only 1 in 20 new homes
built in the last three years have
had 3 or more bedrooms
3 or more
bedrooms
34
5%
Outside the
Croydon Opportunity Area
3 or more
bedrooms
550
22%
1 and 2
bedrooms
1945
78%
The proportion of new homes that either
have one or two bedrooms reflects the
market in Croydon in the late 2000’s
1 and 2
bedrooms
667
95%
Croydon Opportunity Area
To help meet the need for larger homes
the Croydon Local Plan will need to
consider different approaches to increase
the supply of larger homes in the
borough in the future
What does this mean for planning
in Croydon?
Croydon
needs more
homes.
These will
need to be
planned
so…
The Croydon Local Plan will
allocate specific sites for
development, particularly in
Places identified for growth,
to meet the need for housing
and maintain the projected
surplus in supply
The amount of affordable
housing built in Croydon
at the moment meets the
identified needs,
however, completions in
2013/14 were low so…
The proportion of
larger homes built
in Croydon is small
relative to the need
and demand so…
The policy approach in the
Croydon Local Plan will need to
facilitate growth and not constrain
it by increasing the burden on
developers whilst at the same
time ensuring Croydon gets high
quality new homes
The Croydon Local Plan will need to continue to
facilitate the provision of affordable homes as now in
part through increasing the minimum requirement for
affordable housing outside the Croydon Opportunity
Area to 50% in line with increases in house prices in
the borough
The Croydon Local Plan
will need to allocate
sites for larger homes to
address the need and
demand and…
The Croydon Local Plan will
need to have policies that
guide development and enable
the construction of more 3 and
4 bedroom homes
View all the data and download a
printable version of this presentation
at
www.croydon.gov.uk/monitoringreport
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