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APEC EWG 40
BRUNEI
DARUSSALAM
Short-Term Energy Security
Initiative Measures
1
km
Brunei Darussalam In Brief
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Total Land Area: 5769 square kilometers
Population: Around 390,000.
Population growth averages at 2.2%
Main Domestic Transportation: Land vehicles/Boats
Person per private car: 2.09
Refinery No: 1
Production: Around 13,000 Bpd
Electricity Generation: Mainly using gas.
Solar Energy Project for R&D
2
OIL AND GAS: ENERGY RESOURCES OF BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: 2009
1.
Petroleum Mining Agreements: Concessions and Production Sharing
Agreements
2.
Currently two producers: Brunei Shell Petroleum and Block B Joint Venture
3.
PSC Holders: Exploration Stage both offshore/onshore
4.
Brunei crude oil production : Around 170,000 barrels/day
5.
Brunei natural gas production : 33 million m3/day
5.
Oil and gas are the main energy resources and income of Brunei Darussalam.
•
Oil and gas sector accounts for 60 percent of Brunei’s Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) and 90 percent of its revenue.
3
OIL AND GAS: ENERGY RESOURCES OF BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: 2009
6.
Crude oil usage
•
7.
Natural Gas usage
•
8.
LNG (82%); Power Generation (10%); Methanol (<1%) & Operators
own-used (7%)
Source of petroleum products supply
•
9.
Export : 90%; Refinery’s Feedstock: 10%
Local (84%) & non-local (16%)
Petroleum usage by sector
•
Transportation (78.1%); Residential & Commercial (4.0%), Industry
(16.4%), Agriculture (0.01%), Power Generation (1.4%).
4
OIL AND GAS: SOME OF THE CHALLENGES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
No More Easy Oil and Gas
High Number of Matured portfolios
Prospects in Deeper and Further Horizons
Challenging structures – HPHT Reservoirs
Refinery:a.
b.
c.
d.
6.
Operational limitation
Competing product requirements
Importation of products
Storage capacity for petroleum products
Power Generation:a.
b.
c.
Fast increase in demand
High dependency on gas as fuel
Plant efficiency vs. Combined Cycle
5
ENERGY SECURITY: SHORT TERM INITIATIVES
A. Petroleum Products
1. Country Wide Stock (Strategic Stock)
• Directed oil company to stock petroleum products for domestic requirement
on operational basis
• Expanding petroleum products storage capacity
2. Supply Side Management
• Locally Source
Establish a robust Supply & Operations Plan but more flexible lead-time
• Non-locally Source (Importation of products)
Secure ‘firm’ contract with reliable supplier/s and establish alternative sources,
for contingency
3. Demand Side Management
• Directives on Sales of Petroleum Products
- 5 directives issued to slow down demand growth
• Monthly update on Demand & Production Plan
6
ENERGY SECURITY: SHORT TERM INITIATIVES
B. Gas-fuelled Power Generations
1. Continue to develop energy related infrastructure to ensure the efficiency and
reliability.
2. New generating facilities are designed with higher thermal.
 new combined cycle power plant - improve the power generation efficiency
at least by 30% from where it is today.
7
ENERGY SECURITY: LONG TERM INITIATIVES
1. National Oil Stockpiling
2. Reduction of National Energy Intensity
•
national quantitative target on the reduction of national energy intensity at
25 percent by 2030 with 2005 as the base year.
•
To be in-line with the pledges by APEC leaders in the 2007 Sydney
Declaration.
3. Expanding exploration and developing new oil and gas fields
4. Maximize economic utilization of existing facilities such as expanding & upgrading
existing Refinery or building a new large scale Refinery
5. Leveraging energy technologies
6. Ensuring a secured and reliable power supply to meet the growing demand (locally
and non-locally source (power imports))
7. Continuous efforts in improving in energy efficiency in power generations
8. Developing new and renewable sources of energy.
9. Fostering regional/international energy cooperation
8
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