Alg 2 Mult and Divide Complex Numbers

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Warm-Up
Multiply complex numbers
Write the expression as a complex number in standard
form.
1. 4i(–6 + i)
2. (9 – 2i)(–4 + 7i)
SOLUTION
1. 4i(–6 + i) = –24i + 4i2
= –24i + 4(–1)
= –24i – 4
= –4 – 24i
Distributive property
Use i2 = –1.
Simplify.
Write in standard form.
Warm-Up
Multiply complex numbers
2. (9 – 2i)(–4 + 7i)
= –36 + 63i + 8i – 14i2
= –36 + 71i – 14(–1)
= –36 + 71i + 14
= –22 + 71i
Multiply using FOIL.
Simplify and use i2 = – 1 .
Simplify.
Write in standard form.
How to…
Divide complex numbers
Remember when we needed to divide radical expressions in Math 1??
How did we do that?!?!
As a refresher, how would you divide the following:
4
2 + √3
.
2 - √3
2 - √3
8 - 4√3
=
8 - 4√3
=
4-3
The conjugate of 2 + √3!
=
1
8 - 4√3
How to…
Goal
Divide complex numbers
NO IMAGINARY NUMBERS IN
THE DENOMINATOR!!
Multiply the numerator &
denominator by the conjugate!
(a + bi) has a conjugate of (a – bi)
and
(a – bi) has a conjugate of (a + bi)
Then complete your steps for
multiplying complex numbers!
How to…
Divide complex numbers
i = √-1
i ² = -1
i ² CANNOT be in the
simplified answer!
Example #1
Divide complex numbers
Write the quotient 7 + 5i in standard form.
1  4i
7 + 5i = 7 + 5i
1 – 4i 1 – 4i
1 + 4i
1 + 4i
Multiply numerator and
denominator by 1 + 4i, the
complex conjugate of 1 – 4i.
7 + 28i + 5i + 20i2
=
1 + 4i – 4i – 16i2
Multiply using FOIL.
7 + 33i + 20(–1)
=
1 – 16(–1)
Simplify and use i2 = 1.
= –13 + 33i
17
Simplify.
Example #1
Divide complex numbers
13 + 33 i
= – 17
17
Write in standard form.
GUIDED PRACTICE
Write the expression as a complex number in standard form.
1.
i(9 – i)
ANSWER
3.
1 + 9i
2. (3 + i)(5 – i)
ANSWER
16 + 2i
5
1+i
ANSWER
4.
5 – 5 i
2
2
5 + 2i
3 – 2i
ANSWER
11 + 16 i
13
13
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