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„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “
Good practice from Centru Region - Romania
DART-Conference
“Demographic Change in Europe-Solutions for the Education, life-long learning
and job market ”
Prague 28.06.2011
Program manager: Cruceanu Dan
Beneficiary: County Agency for Employment Sibiu Romania
1
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Multi-national and transnational project
Objectives:
 Supporting entrepreneurial development
 Promoting and supporting the reintegration of the rural
labor in the economic market
 Creating conditions for the development of nonagricultural self-employment solutions in rural areas
Target group : 1200 persons living in rural areas (40% women):
 300 persons in search of a job
 300 persons employed in subsistence agriculture
 100 inactive persons
 300 unemployed persons
 100 young unemployed persons
 100 long-term unemployed persons
2
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
The main reasons to start the project:
In 2009, 70% of the persons who left Romania to work abroad were from rural
areas, 35% were younger than 25 years old and 60 % were women
The aging population in rural areas
The lack of financial opportunities for training / retraining
Lack of socio-economic information in the rural areas
Re-launching traditions and traditional crafts
Huge imbalance between cities and villages
3
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
The project was conceived and initiated by the County Agency for Employment
Sibiu Romania, in cooperation with the transnational partner
Techniki Ekpedeftiki Atena Grecia
Project partners:
AJOFM SIBIU - Beneficiary of the project for Centru Region
AJOFM SATU–MARE for Nord-West Region
AJOFM HUNEDOARA for West Region
AJOFM TELEORMAN for Sud-Muntenia Region
S.C. Technical Training S.R.L. Bucuresti
Techniki Ekpedeftiki S.A. Atena, Greece
4
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Activities:
1.
2.
Development and implementation of awareness campaigns, in order to motivate and
inform the target group
Research and field studies on the current situation of unemployment in rural areas –
in order to identify the degree of interest among people from different areas and
assessment of specific training needs, employment opportunities or to develop an
independent activity
3.
Develop and implement information and awareness campaigns – project promotion
4.
Support for developing and implementing integrated strategies for local development
of our initiatives in rural areas – to create the website of the project, in the
perspective of its interconnection with the European sites related to entrepreneurship
and innovative enterprises, promotion.
5
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
5.
Support for innovative, interregional and transnational measures- development network
(conventional and e-Commerce) to promote products and services that are produced locally
in regions where the project is implemented
6.
Research and field studies on the identification and assessment of specific needs of the
target group of rural areas-preselection of the target group according to proficiency ,
experience, training needs and market demands.
7.
Providing information and professional advice - providing information on labor market and
the evolution of occupations, skill and self-confidence development, training methods and
techniques in searching for a job.
8.
Assessment of skills acquired in informal situations / non-formal
9.
Providing training programs
10. Facilitating the exchange and integration of best practices, transfer and exchange of best
practices through study visits in the country of our transnational partener
11. Providing employment services for personal development, counseling, mediation, other
types of support services for those who just entered the labor market, support for local
initiatives development
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Grafic nr.1 The classification by age of target group members in each region
7
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Graph No. 2 Distribution of educational level of target group, by region
8
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Graph no. 3 Distribution of occupational status of the target group, by region
9
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Results expected:
 1000 participants from rural areas to integrated programs, where 400 are women
 1000 persons receiving advice / guidance
 300 participants in training programs
 100 participants in prior learning assessment activities
 240 participants in the training : with certificate - sustainability of rural areas
 60% women participants from rural areas to integrated programs : with certificate
 7% of rural participants certified in integrated programs, which obtained a job
 7% of people within six months after participation in integrated programs have had
another form of training or have found a job

A website of the project
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„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Added Values:
 Sustainability
 Environmental protection
 Control of resources
 Ability to promote areas through the website of the project
Who benefits:
 People who participate in the project activities
 Families of participants
 Local communities of people
 The local authorities
11
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Factors of success:
 A project designed to address rural areas
Useful human activities according to the demands of the economic market
 A good promotion
 Elements that stimulate and support participation of unemployed people in
the project
 Trained and motivated staff
 Financial Sources
12
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Obstacles
People's mentality
Lack of effective involvement of the responsible authorities
Poor school / professional training
 Field / Farm work
Lack of information
Lack of transport possibilities
13
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Transferability:
Transferability:
Within the Region / State
 This project can be multiplied in all
regions of Romania, with slight
modifications, taking in account the
peculiarities of the area of
implementation
To other European Countries / Regions
under following conditions
 The project can be applied
depending on the specific of the
region and the development of the
countrie, especially in the former
Eastern bloc countries
14
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Other major objectives of the project :
1. Changing the mentality of people in rural areas
2. Lifelong learning
3. Development of rural communities
4. Returning to traditional occupations and crafts in rural areas
15
„Entrepreneurship in rural areas – a chance for
employment “ - July 2010 - June 2013
Thank you !
Cruceanu Dan
Program manager
16
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