The most pressing education challenges today in developing

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The Pressing Education
challenges in Developing
Countries
Outline
 Introduction
 Challenges
1. Lack of basic facilities
2. Faculty quality and efficiency
3. Equality and gender issue
4. Political instability
5. Financial issues
 Conclusion
Introduction
 Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which
knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are
transferred from one generation to the next through teaching,
training, research, or simply through autodidacticism.
Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a
formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts.
 Good quality Education is key and vital to instilling the values
of peace and human dignity in the young generation and has
the power to transform societies by: contributing to economic
development and poverty relief; contributing to social
stability by enabling people to transform their own lives and
the society in which they live; promoting health and equipping
children with the skills they need to protect themselves and be
active citizens.
Education Challenges
 Many countries continue to experience shortages of
basic facilities, infrastructure, equipment and teaching
and learning materials.
 Children continue to learn under trees, exposed to
harsh weather conditions and to struggle to learn
without sufficient textbooks and reading materials. The
unavailability of electricity, clean water and
sanitation facilities particularly in rural schools.
Education Challenges
Education Challenges
 There is a shortage of qualified teachers. Many
countries have resorted to hiring unqualified or contract
teachers, most often, without adequate academic
qualifications and with no professional qualifications at
all.
 This has had a serious negative impact on the quality
of education.
Education Challenges
 In many countries, traditional role patterns stop parents
enrolling girls in school. For instance for instance in
sub-Saharan Africa girls get married during or after
high school thus stopping them from pursuing any
further education.
 This strong cultural preference for boys and great
gender disparity in the educational sector is also seen
in the Middle East, and in South and West Asia.
Education Challenges
Education Challenges
 Access to early childhood education, primary and post
primary education, including vocational education and
training, remains a key challenge for developing
countries. For example in Africa, of the 61 million
children of primary school going age who are still out of
school, 31 million of them are found in Sub-Saharan
Africa.
 Wars, conflicts and discrimination deprive children
from poor and remote rural areas access to education.
In deprived areas, creating schools does not guarantee
that children will attend them due to the insecurity.
Education Challenges
Education Challenges
 Financial issues have remained major cause denying many
children in developing countries access to education. High
quality education, one that requires more faculty resources
and employs more interactive than passive teaching
techniques is very expensive. In deciding to send their
children to school, parents face a trade-off between
household consumption now and children’s expected future
income.
 Due to the financial limitation there is use of child
labour to support household survival in rural and urban
squatter groups.
Education Challenges
Many developing countries
lack public education systems
Those that do have one face
problem of high corruption and
mismanagement of funds
allocated for the education
sector.
Conclusion
 In most developing countries, few children graduate
from secondary school and many don’t even finish
primary school.Most of these are girls and children from
poor and remote rural areas and those affected by
conflict and discrimination.
 The education system has a number of challenges.
Currently most of the governments are putting in place
measures to counter the problems.
Thank you for your Attention!!!
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